7 Stages Of Child Development | What Are The 7 Stages Of Development In A Child ?

As a Parent we should aware about 7 stages of child development but many parent has a question what are the 7 stages of development in a child.

Developmental stages are behavioral or physical changes in children’s development as they grow.

Indian children attain their developmental stages earlier than Europeans.

If your child is missing any steps, be sure to talk with your healthcare provider.

The average achievement in the different age group of children up to 12 years is as follows:

The main 7 stages of child development is upto 3 years but here we see child development upto 12 years are as follow

child development stages
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Table of Contents

0-3 Month stages

Activity stages

  • pushes up on arms when lying on abdomen
  • He or she lifts and holds head up while lying on abdomen 
  • Able to move fingers from close to open
  • Ready to bring hands to mouth

Sensory stages

  • while lying on back, attempt to reach for a toy held above their chest
  • while lying on the back, visually track a moving toys from side to side
  • he or she keeps head centered on watching faces or toys while lying on backside
  • Able to calm with touching and gentle sound
  • Movement of legs & arms on the surface.

Communication stages

  • Smiles in response to sound or voice
  • Turns head towards music or voice
  • Shows interest in faces
  • Makes eye contact
  • Cries differently for different needs
  • Make soft murmur sound and smiles

Feeding stages

  • Latches onto nipple or bottle
  • The tongue moves forward and back to suck
  • drinks 56 grams to 170 grams of liquid per feeding, six times per day
  • suck and swallows well during feeding

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4-6 Month stages

Activity stages

  • he can use hands to support self while sitting
  • he or she can roll from back to tummy and tummy to back
  • While standing with support, accept entire weight with legs
  • reaches for nearby toys while on tummy
  • While lying on the back, transfer toys from one hand to the other

Sensory stages

  • Uses both hands to explore toys
  • Generally happy when not hungry or tired
  • Brings hands and objects to mouth
  • Able to calm with touching and gentle sound
  • is not upset by everyday sound
  • Enjoys a variety of movements

Communication stages

  • React to sudden noises and or sounds
  • Listens and responds when spoken to
  • Begins to use sounds like “da, da, da “
  • Make different kinds of sounds to express feelings
  • Notices toys that make sounds
  • Uses word to get attention

Feeding stages

  • Shows interest in food
  • Open mouth as spoon approaches
  • Begins to eat cereals and pureed foods like carrots, sweet potato, apple, pears

7-9 Month stages

Activity stages

  • Sits without support
  • Sits and reaches for toys without falling
  • Moves from tummy or back for sitting
  • Starts to move with alternate leg and arm movement
  • Shows more control while sitting
  • can pick up small objects with thumbs and fingers

Sensory stages

  • Enjoy a variety of movements
  • Turn several pages of the book
  • Focus on objects near and far
  • Try to find out the shapes, sizes, and textures of objects and toys.

Communication stages

  • When named looks at the familiar subjects 
  • participate in two way communication
  • shaking head for “NO.”

10-12 month stages

Activity stages

  • Pulls to stand and go forward in slow motion along with furniture
  • Stand alone and take several independent steps
  • Moves in and out of various position and get desired toys
  • Claps hands
  • He or she can use thumb and pointer finger to pick up a tiny object

Sensory stages

  • Enjoys listening to songs
  • Explores toys with finger and mouth

Communication stages

  • Words use like “mamma” or “dada.”
  • Respond to simple directions, e.g., “come here.”
  • Says one or two words
  • He or she can pay attention to where you are looking and pointing
  • Responds to “no.”

Feeding stages

  • Finger feeds self
  • Eating an increasing variety of food
  • begins to use an open cup
  • Ready to try soft cooked vegetables, fruits and finger foods like banana slices, cooked pasta
  • Prepared to start self-feeding with utensils
  • Enjoy a great variety of smells 

13-18 Month stages

Activity stages

  • Walk independently
  • Squats to pick up a toy
  • stacks two objects

Sensory stages

  • Helps with getting dressed
  • Has a regular sleep schedule
  • Eats an increasing variety of foods

Communication stages By 15 Months

  • May use 5-10 words
  • combines sound and gesture
  • Imitates simple words and action
  • Consistently follows simple directions
  • Shows interest in pictures
  • Can identify 1-2 body parts when named
  • Understands 50 words
  • Responds to question
  • Repeats words overheard in conversation.
  • Continues to produce speech-like babbling
  • Understands “in” and “on.”

Feeding stages

  • An increasing variety of chopped table foods
  • Holds and drinks from a cup

19-24 Month stages

Communication stages

By 21 Months

  • Uses at least 50 words
  • consistently imitates new words
  • Names objects and pictures
  • Understands simple pronouns
  • Identify 3-5 body parts when named
  • Understands new concept quickly

By 24 Months

  • Begins to use two-word phrases
  • Uses simple pronouns
  • Understands action words
  • Enjoys listening to stories

2-3 Year stage

Activity stages

  • By 30 Months:
  • consistently uses 2-3 word phrases
  • Applies “in” and “on.”
  • He or she can follow two steps in an unrelated direction.
  • Understand basic nouns and pronouns
  • Understands “mine” and “yours.”

By 36 Months:

  • Asks “what” and “where” question
  • Uses plurals, e.g., dogs
  • A caregiver understands most speech.
  • Understand the concepts of colors, shape, size.
  • I can understand why questions and simple sentences. 
  • Can jump with both feet
  • Can dress and undress
  • Brush teeth with the help
  • Have a vocabulary about 250 words

3 - 6 Years development

 Language stages

  • Say his or her name and ages
  • speak 250 to 500 words
  • Answer simple questions
  • Tell stories

Cognitive stages

  • The child will ask a different problem, such as why the color of the sky is blue?
  • Identify the correct colors,
  • Understand the size and shape correctly. 
  • Follow three-part commands
  • Remember parts of a story
  • Understand time better
  • Count and understand the concept of counting
  • Sort objects by shape and color

Movement milestones

  • Climb the stairs.
  • Can kick the balls.
  • Climb well
  • Run more confidently and ride a tricycle
  • Walk forward and backward easily
  • Bend over without falling

Hand and finger skills

  • write some capital letters
  • dress and undress without your help
  • screw and unscrew jar lids
  • Turn rotating handles

School age

Physical and sensory stages 6 to 12 year

  • Enjoy a challenge more than when he was “little.”
  • Can dress completely
  • Master gross motor skills such as jumping rope and riding a bike

Language stages

  • Speak oral language 
  • Make conversation with adults and children

Cognitive stages

  • I can finish the project work under the help of teachers.
  • A child can remember more than previously and do daily activities like brushing, bathing.
  • I can do the homework with the help of my parents.

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