Is your child’s development on track?
That’s a question parents repeatedly ask as children grow and change.
To help answer this important question, I have created many different checklists to help you keep track of child development across several key factors.
As a parent, we should be aware of the 7 stages of child development, but many parents have a question about what the 7 stages of development are in a child.
Developmental stages are behavioral or physical changes in children’s development as they grow.
Indian children attain their developmental stages earlier than Europeans.
If your child is missing any steps, be sure to talk with your healthcare provider.
The average achievement in the different age groups of children up to 12 years is as follows:
The main 7 stages of child development are up to 3 years, but we see child development at 12 years.
But before you put too much attention on this single checklist, Know that you’re going to see some variation between the lists.
Table of Contents
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0-3 Month stages
Children continue to take lots of sleep, good nutrition, and loving relationships with parents and caregivers during the toddler years.
- pushes up on arms when lying on abdomen
- They lift and hold their head up while lying on the abdomen
- Able to move fingers from close to open
- Ready to bring hands to mouth
- While lying on back, attempt to reach for a toy held above their chest
- While lying on the back, visually track moving toys from side to side
- They keep their head cantered on watching faces or toys while lying on the backside
- Able to calm with touching and gentle sound
- Movement of legs & arms on the surface.
- Smiles in response to sound or voice
- Turns head towards music or voice
- Shows interest in faces
- Makes eye contact
- Cries differently for different needs
- Make soft murmur sound and smiles
- Latches onto nipple or bottle
- The tongue moves forward and back to suck
- Drinks 56 grams to 170 grams of liquid per feeding, six times per day
- Suck and swallows well during feeding
To learn more, you can Read:
When it comes to the 4-6 month stages, we need to check many factors, both onsite as well as offsite.
4-6 Month stages
- A child can use his hands to support himself while sitting
- They can roll from back to tummy and tummy to back
- While standing with support, accept the entire weight with legs
- Reaches for nearby toys while on tummy
- While lying on the back, transfer toys from one hand to the other
- Uses both hands to explore toys
- Generally happy when not hungry or tired
- Brings hands and objects to mouth
- Able to calm with touching and gentle sound is not upset by everyday sound
- Enjoys a variety of movements
- React to sudden noises and or sounds
- Listens and responds when spoken to
- Begins to use sounds like “da, da, da.”
- Make different kinds of sounds to express feelings
- Notices toys that make sounds
- Uses word to get attention
- Shows interest in food
- Open mouth as spoon approaches
- Begins to eat cereals and pureed foods like carrots, sweet potato, apple, pears
Moving on to the next stage…..
7-9 Month stages
- Sits without support
- Sits and reaches for toys without falling
- Moves from tummy or back for sitting
- Starts to move with alternate leg and arm movement
- Shows more control while sitting
- can pick up small objects with thumbs and fingers
- Enjoy a variety of movements
- Turn several pages of the book
- Focus on objects near and far
- Try to find out the shapes, sizes, and textures of objects and toys.
- When named looks at the familiar subjects
- participate in two way communication
- shaking head for “NO.”
Now let’s look at 10-12 month stages of child development.
10-12 month stages
- Pulls to stand and go forward in slow motion along with furniture
- Stand-alone and take several independent steps
- Moves in and out of various position and get desired toys
- Claps’ hands
- They can use his thumb and pointer finger to pick up a tiny object
- Enjoys listening to songs
- Explores toys with finger and mouth
- Words used like “mamma” or “dada.”
- Respond to simple directions, e.g., “come here.”
- Says one or two words
- They can pay attention to where you are looking and pointing
- Responds to “no.”
- Finger feeds self
- Eating an increasing variety of food
- begins to use an open cup
- Ready to try soft cooked vegetables, fruits, and finger foods like banana slices, cooked pasta
- Prepared to start self-feeding with utensils
- Enjoy a great variety of smells
At the next stage, you need to be good to go!
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13-18 Month stages
- Walk independently
- Squats to pick up a toy
- stacks two objects
- Helps with getting dressed
- Has a regular sleep schedule
- Eats an increasing variety of foods
Communication stages By 15 Months
- May use 5-10 words
- combines sound and gesture
- Imitates simple words and action
- Consistently follows simple directions
- Shows interest in pictures
- Can identify 1-2 body parts when named
- Understands 50 words
- Responds to question
- Repeats words overheard in conversation.
- Continues to produce speech-like babbling
- Understands “in” and “on.”
- An increasing variety of chopped table foods
- Holds and drinks from a cup
Here are some notable features of the 19-24 Month stages.
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19-24 Month stages
By 21 Months
- Uses at least 50 words
- consistently imitates new words
- Names objects and pictures
- Understands simple pronouns
- Identify 3-5 body parts when named
- Understands new concepts quickly
By 24 Months
- Begins to use two-word phrases
- Uses simple pronouns
- Understands action words
- Enjoys listening to stories
It will help if you remember several things at the 2 – 3 year stage.
2-3 Year stage
- By 30 Months:
- consistently uses 2-3 word phrases
- Applies “in” and “on.”
- They can follow two steps in an unrelated direction.
- Understand basic nouns and pronouns
- Understands “mine” and “yours.”
By 36 Months:
- Asks “what” and “where” question
- Uses plurals, e.g., dogs
- A caregiver understands most speech.
- Understand the concepts of colors, shape, size.
- I can understand why questions and simple sentences.
- Can jump with both feet
- Can dress and undress
- Brush teeth with the help
- Have a vocabulary of about 250 words
By this point, At 3 – 6 years of development, you should hopefully be able to notice your child’s development.
3 - 6 Years development
- Say their name and ages
- speak 250 to 500 words
- Answer simple questions
- Tell stories
- The child will ask a different problem, such as why the color of the sky is blue?
- Identify the correct colors,
- Understand the size and shape correctly.
- Follow three-part commands
- Remember parts of a story
- Understand time better
- Count and understand the concept of counting
- Sort objects by shape and color
- Climb the stairs.
- Can kick the balls.
- Climb well
- Run more confidently and ride a tricycle
- Walk forward and backward easily
- Bend over without falling
Hand and finger skills
- write some capital letters
- dress and undress without your help
- screw and unscrew jar lids
- Turn rotating handles
Now you know the basics, so let’s dip into the good stuff.
Physical and sensory stages 6 to 12 year
- Enjoy a challenge more than when he was “little.”
- Can dress completely
- Master gross motor skills such as jumping rope and riding a bike
- Speak oral language
- Make conversation with adults and children
- I can finish the project work with the help of teachers.
- A child can remember more than previously and do daily activities like brushing bathing.
- I can do the homework with the help of my parents.
Here are a few frequently asked questions related to child development.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the 6 primary stages of a child’s development cycle?
Other scholars describe the 6 stages of child development: new-borns, infants, toddlers, preschool, school-age, and adolescents. Failure to reach certain milestones may indicate a developmental disability.
What are the 7 stages of humans?
For Maslow, the basic needs were the physiological, safety, social, esteem, and “self-actualization” needs (Maslow 1943). Physiological needs include air, food, water, shelter, etc. Safety needs include stability, a home to live in, and a secure family environment.
What are the main stages of development?
There are 3 broad stages of development: early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence. The definition of these phases is arranged around the primary functions of development in each phase, although the boundaries of these phases are reprehensible.
Babies, toddlers, and school-age children develop new abilities and skills steadily as they get older. However, every child develops at an individual pace.
Strong parent-child bonds, good nutrition, adequate amount of sleep, and a safe environment at home and school will ensure that children have the best chance of developing.
Here are a few articles to check out:
- Children’s Mental Health and Emotional Well being in Primary Schools
- Speech and language disorders: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Test
- Mentally Challenged Child: How To Deal With Them?
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