What Is Acute Dissociative Disorder? | All About Dissociative Disorder

What Is Acute Dissociative Disorder?

Dissociation” means to be disconnected from self-identity, from relative and reality.

Dissociation is the mechanism that allows our mind to separate specific memories from conscious awareness. 

Dissociative disorders are described as the disturbance in the ordinarily organized functions of conscious awareness, Memory, and identity.

Must read: All About Personality Disorder

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Table of Contents

Types of dissociative disorder

Dissociative Amnesia

  • Most often, dissociative amnesia follows a traumatic or stressful life situation. 
  • The inability to recall important personal information, particularly concerning stressful life events. 
  • The extent of the disturbance is too great to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. The amnesia may be localized, generalized, selective, or continuing in nature.

Read:  Stress And Adaptation

Dissociative Fugue

  • Psychogenic fugue is a sudden, unexpected journey away from home or workplace, assuming a new identity and an inability to recall the past. 
  • The onset is sudden, often in the presence of severe stress
  • The course is typically a few hours to days and sometimes a month.

Dissociative Identify Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)

  • In this disorder, the person is dominated by two or more personalities, of which only one is manifest at a time. 
  • Usually, one character is not aware of the expression of another personality characteristic.
  • Each character has a full range of higher mental functions and performs complex behavior patterns. 
  • The transition from one to another name is sudden, and the behavior usually contrasts strikingly with the patient’s normal state.

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Trance and Possession Disorder

  • This disorder is common in India. It is a temporary loss of both the sense of a person’s surroundings. 
  • When religious rituals induce the condition, the person may feel taken over by a deity or spirit. 
  • The focus of attention narrowed to a few aspects of the immediate environment, and there is often a limited but repeated set of movements, postures, and utterances.

Also see: Borderline Personality Disorder dsm 5

 

Causes of dissociative disorder

The dissociative disorder’s leading causes are painful such as unconscious feelings, emotions from an unacceptable situation, and intra emotion and thought conflict, which is unexpressed. It happens due to:

  • Family conflict
  • Death of a loved one
  • Divorce 
  • Natural disaster 
  • Sexual or emotional abuse
  • Accident
  • War
  • Kidnapping
  • Torture

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Signs and symptoms dissociative order

0.People with the dissociative disorder have the following signs and symptoms:

  • loss of identity
  • Self-harm
  • Loss of Sleep
  • Suicidal behavior 
  • loss of Memory
  • loss of consciousness 
  • depression
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Abdominal discomfort 
  • Difficulty in a personal relationship

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Treatment of dissociative disorder

List of technique for the treatment of Dissociative disorder are as following.

Conclusion

This disorder can take a long time to diagnose, and it can occur with other mental illnesses. Dissociative disorder can lead to anxiety, depression, guilt, and shame

Good treatment can improve people’s quality of life and reduce other mental problems.

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