Aortic Stenosis Murmur | How Fast Does Aortic Stenosis Progress?

Aortic valve stenosis is a narrowing opening between the left ventricle and aorta.

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Aortic stenosis murmur

The rumbling of the heart results in vibration or instability, causing blood to flow when it flows from the heart. It produces sounds that doctors called murmur.

When the valves open and close, they make a “valve noise.” However, valves do not normally open or close or block blood from moving forward and producing a murmuring voice.

As blood quickly circulates to the heart, it can also create a kind of rumble called a “flow rumble.”

To get started, you’ll need to: Aortic Regurgitation Murmur

How fast does aortic stenosis progress?

Aortic stenosis is a progressive condition, which means it becomes painful over time. Because of this, doctors usually call it light, medium, or critical aortic stenosis. The stage of aortic stenosis depends on how much damage is done to your aortic valve.

Many people are uninformed that they have this condition or that it is called a heart attack.

As valve become more damaged, the aortic valve begins to open, and your heart muscles weaken. Once your aortic stenosis is severe, you may experience uncomfortable symptoms such as shortness of breath and fatigue.

Aortic stenosis symptoms  

Aortic valve stenosis can differ from mild to severe. Some people with aortic stenosis may not have symptoms for a long time.Symptoms of aortic stenosis include:

Causes

  • Aortic stenosis may be present at birth, but in most cases, it develops later. Children with aortic stenosis may have a number of heart problems at birth.
    Aortic stenosis is mainly due to calcium accumulation. This narrows the valve. This is called calcitic aortic stenosis.
  • It is more commonly seen in older people.
    Children who are born with abnormal aortic or bicuspid valves have high calcium content.
  • Aortic stenosis occurs in about 2% of people over 65 years of age. It has been seen more in men than women.
  • Other causes are also responsible for causing aortic stenosis such as 
  • Rheumatic fever.
  • Degenerative disease of the aortic valve.
  • Paget’s disease.
  • Renal failure.
  • Radiation exposure.
  • Infection.

Signs and symptoms

  • Exertional dyspnea.
  • Angina.
  • Exertional syncope.
  • Sudden death.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Narrow pulse pressure.

Diagnostic evaluation

  • Physical examination.
  • Chest X-ray.
  • ECG.
  • Echocardiography.
  • Cardiac catheterization.

Management

Medical management:

  • If your problem is not severe, the doctor may call you for a regular checkup. Doctors take complete information about your health. Only then doctors perform echocardiogram tests in cases of severe problems.

  • People with severe cases of aortic stenosis may be asked not to play competing sports even if they have no symptoms. If symptoms occur, the doctor may refuse to do any heavy work.

  • Doctors can also treat high blood pressure. If aortic stenosis has become a serious problem, treatment should be done carefully so that the balance of blood pressure remains.

  • Antibiotics are given before this procedure. Doctors give you antibiotics only when you need them.

  • People with heart problems should stop smoking. Also, the patient should undergo a high cholesterol test.
    Surgery may also be performed to fix or replace the valve. It occurs mostly in adults and children.

  • Antibiotic.
  • Beta-blockers.
  • Calcium channel blockers.
  • Digoxin.
  • Diuretics.

Surgical management

  • Aortic valve repair.
  • Aortic valve replacement.
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement. 

Conclusion

It can be managed with treatment. Surgical treatment is successful for aortic stenosis. Some changes that you’re required to prevent it such as prevent weight gain, avoid smoking, eat a healthy balanced diet. It would be best if you did regular follow up with your doctor.

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