Atrial Septal Defect Murmur? All About Atrial Septal Defect

This condition, also known as a hole in the heart,” is an abnormal opening in the wall of the right and left atria of the heart.

These are the upper chambers of the heart.

Atrial Septal Defect Murmur

This congenital disability creates abnormal blood flow through the heart. ASD can occur in a murmur that can be heard during an examination. It can be diagnosed with an echocardiogram.

what is atrial septal defect| murmur
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Table of Contents

Types

Ostium primum

  • These defects in the lower part of the atrial septum may occur with another congenital heart defect.

Ostium secundumis

  • The standard type of ASD and appears in the middle of the wall between the atria (atrial septum).

Sinus venosus defect

  • It appears in the upper part of the atrium septum. 

Coronary sinus

  • In this rare defect, part of the wall between the coronary sinus and left atrium. 

Causes of atrial septal defect

  • Idiopathic
  • Genetic
  • Environmental factor

Signs and symptoms of atrial septal defect

a sign and symptoms of atrial septal defect

  • Shortness of breath, especially when exercising
  • Fatigue
  • Heart murmur
  • stroke
  • Frequent lung infections
  • Stroke
  • Swelling of legs, feet or abdomen 
  • Heart palpitations or skipped beats

Here are a few articles to check out:

Risk factors

During pregnancy, you are at some risk of having a baby with a heart defect:

  • Rubella infection
  • Drugs, smoking, or alcohol use
  • Diabetes or lupus
  • Right-sided heart failure
  • Heart arrhythmias
  •  risk of a stroke
  • Shortened life span
  • Pulmonary hypertension. 
  • Eisenmenger syndrome

Diagnosis

  • Electrocardiography
  • Chest X-ray
  • Echocardiography
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • CT Scan
  • MRI

Management

Surgical management

  • Open heart surgery.
  • Cardiac catheterization.

Medical management

  • Beta-blockers drugs
  • Anticoagulants

Conclusion

Heart disease is a common health problem.

Some are due to heredity and cannot be prevented. In many cases, however, the person can take treatment measures to prevent heart disease, change your lifestyle and take protective food and exercise.

Here are a couple of articles, which you should definitely read to learn about heart diseases:

Do let me know in the comment box, how you have enhanced your heart health? And are you also wanted to learn more about treatments?

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