Bladder cancer is a disease arising from bladder tissue. It is a disease in which cells start to grow abnormally and spread to other parts of the body.
Some of its symptoms include blood in urine, pain with urination, and lower back pain.
The bladder is a hollow muscular organ located in the pelvic cavity that stores and discharges urine.
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Types of bladder cancer
The cancerous cells begin in cells lining the bladder inside and are called transition cell carcinoma.
Squamous cell carcinoma
These cancers begin from the thin layer, flat cells. It causes inflammation and irritation.
These cancer cells from the gland release fluid such as mucus.
Where does bladder cancer begin?
Bladder cancer begins in the cells that form the line inside the bladder. Urothelial cells are also found in the tubes connecting with your kidneys and bladder. Urothelial cancer can occur in the kidneys and ureters, it is more common in the bladder.
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How fast does bladder cancer spread?
The stages for bladder cancer are: stage 1 – the cancer cells look very similar to normal bladder cells; they are usually slow-growing and are less likely to spread. Stage 2 – the cancer cells look less like normal cells and are slightly faster growing.
Bladder cancer causes
Smoking: Smokers more than twice the risk of developing bladder cancer as nonsmokers.
Chemical exposure at risk: people who work with certain chemicals or specific industries have a greater chance of bladder cancer than the general population.
Signs and symptoms
- Screening tests
- Urine analysis
- Urine cytology
- Imaging tests
- Transurethral resection with fulguration
- Radical cystectomy
- Segmental or partial cystectomy
- Photodynamic therapy
Bladder cancer is one of the most common malignancies of the bladder. It can be seen in male and female both. Bladder cancer is treatable if it is diagnosed at the initial stage.
Chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery are the treatment option for bladder cancer.
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