Bladder cancer is a relatively rare form of cancer that starts in the lining of your bladder. Bladder cancer is a disease arising from bladder tissue. It is a disease in which cells start to grow abnormally and spread to other parts of the body.
Some of its symptoms include blood in urine, pain with urination, and lower back pain. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the human body. For example, cancer cells in the bladder can spread to the bones. Cancer starting in bones is called bone cancer.
The bladder is a hollow muscular organ located in the pelvic cavity that stores and discharges urine.
Table of Contents
Types of bladder cancer
The cancerous cells begin in cells lining the bladder inside and are called transition cell carcinoma.
Squamous cell carcinoma
These cancers begin from the thin layer, flat cells. It causes inflammation and irritation.
These cancer cells from the gland release fluid such as mucus.
Where does bladder cancer begin?
Bladder cancer begins in the cells that form the line inside the bladder. Urothelial cells are also found in the tubes connecting with your kidneys and bladder. Urothelial cancer can occur in the kidneys and ureters, it is more common in the bladder.
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How fast does bladder cancer spread?
The stages for bladder cancer are: stage 1 – the cancer cells look very similar to normal bladder cells; they are usually slow-growing and are less likely to spread. Stage 2 – the cancer cells look less like normal cells and are slightly faster growing.
Bladder cancer causes
Smoking: Smokers more than twice the risk of developing bladder cancer as nonsmokers.
Chemical exposure at risk: people who work with certain chemicals or specific industries have a greater chance of bladder cancer than the general population.
Diet: people whose diet includes many fried meat and animal fats have a higher chance of getting bladder cancer.
Signs and symptoms
Number of symptoms that might indicate bladder cancer like, weight loss, bone tenderness, fatigue, and these can indicate more disease.
- Pain in urination
- Prostate infection
- Screening tests
- Urine analysis
- Urine cytology
- Imaging tests
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- Transurethral resection with fulguration
- Radical cystectomy
- Segmental or partial cystectomy
- Photodynamic therapy
Frequently Asked Question
At what stage does bladder cancer spread?
Bladder cancer consists of stage II to IV invasive cancer. Stage II bladder cancer Cancer has spread into the muscle wall of the bladder. In stage III, the cancer has spread beyond the muscle of the bladder into the inner parts (fatty tissue). And In stage IV the cancer has spread from the bladder to your lymph nodes, other organs, bones.
Where does invasive bladder cancer spread?
Bladder cancer grows outside the bladder into nearby tissues. It then spreads to nearby and distant lymph nodes. And invasive bladder cancer can spread to the bones, lungs, liver, and other parts of the body.
What are the symptoms of advanced bladder cancer?
Bladder Cancer Symptoms:
- Swelling in legs
- Inability to pass urine.
- Pain in the lower back
- Loss of appetite.
- Extreme fatigue.
- Loss of unwanted weight.
- Pain in the bones.
Do bladder cancer symptoms come and go?
Symptoms come and go frequently, and are often not severe.
Common Symptoms Blood in the urine (hematuria) is the most common sign of bladder cancer.
Bladder cancer is one of the most common malignancies of the bladder. It can be seen in male and female both. Bladder cancer is treatable if it is diagnosed at the initial stage.
Chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery are the treatment option for bladder cancer.
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