Blood Pressure and Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary heart disease is common heart disease  in which accumulated substance can make your arteries narrower or freeze in your arteries, which reduces blood and oxygen supply to the heart.

It is known as coronary artery disease. It is a significant cause of death for both men and women.

Uncontrolled CHD causes a heart attack. 

And now we see How Coronary Heart Disease is connected with High Blood Pressure.

Coronary Heart Disease
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Table of Contents

Blood pressure and coronary heart disease

High blood pressure problems are more likely to develop coronary artery disease because high blood pressure fixes added force against the artery walls. And, this extra pressure can damage the arteries, making them more vulnerable to the reduction and plaque buildup associated with atherosclerosis.

The narrowed artery limits or blocks blood flow to the heart muscle, depriving the heart of oxygen.

Here is guide that you can refer to learn more about :

What Foods To Avoid With High Cholesterol? | List Of High Cholesterol Foods

Causes of coronary heart disease

CHD start when you are very young. Before the age of 20 yrs, a streak of fat appears on the blood vessels wall.

You get older, comparatively fat increase and damage the blood vessels wall.

CHD is a vascular injury to the heart due to cholesterol and plaque increase in the heart, known as atherosclerosis.

Due to atherosclerosis, blood flow decreases.

Coronary heart disease is located on the surface of the heart

Right main CHD

Left main CHD

Left circumflex artery

Left anterior descending artery 

Your heart is pumping oxygen and nutrient-rich blood throughout arteries in your whole body.

Symptoms of coronary heart disease

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Jaw pain
  • Chest pain
  • Heaviness
  • Feeling burning
  • Body pain 
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Shoulder and arms pain
  • Don’t try to ignore these symptoms; if they are extreme or last longer than 5 to 10 minutes, immediate medical treatment is necessary.

Must read: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Diaphragmatic Breathing | All About COPD

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Treatment of coronary heart disease

Very important to reduce the risk factor of heart attack or stroke, 

If you are diagnosed with CHD, Treatment depends on the patient current health condition.

Take proper medication therapy to treat higher cholesterol or BP.

According to the patient’s condition, the doctor recommends such types of surgeries.

  1. Balloon angioplasty
  2. coronary artery bypass graft surgery
  3. Enhance external counterpulsation
  4. Control your sugar level if you have diabetes.

The patient needs to change some lifestyle, such as

  • Reduce consumption of oily food.
  • Quit tobacco
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid alcohol consumption

Diet for coronary heart disease

Fenugreek: A commonly used condiment (methi), it is a rich source of dietary fiber. Studies show the hypocholesterolemic effect of Fenugreek in patients who received Fenugreek for over ten days.

Fenugreek being bitter, has to be incorporated into the diet, up to 25 g/day.

Garlic: Garlic (Allium sativum) is a commonly used food world-wide.

Ayurvedic recommendations for garlic as a remedy for heart ailments are ancient, but recent scientific studies have also shown a marked lowering of lipid profile using garlic.

The effect of garlic is more preventive than for treating the atherosclerotic process. Other natural fiber sources are barley, millets, Bengal gram, oats, and beans (guar). They have all been reported to have a lipid-lowering effect.

Salt: There is a special relationship between hypertension and coronary heart disease. Several studies have shown that in people aged 50-59 yrs, a reduction of daily sodium intake to about 3 g of salt would, after a few weeks lower the systolic blood 5 mm Hg and 7 mm Hg in those with high blood pressure.

No rise in blood pressure was seen in a population with a salt intake of less than three g/day.

An increase in potassium may also confer pressure with age was seen as significant benefits and should be achieved through a diet rich in vegetables and fruits.

Foods high in salt like pickles, sauces, preserved and canned foods, processed cheese, potato wafers, other snacks, ham, sausages, bacon, etc., should be avoided.

Exercise: Physical activity increases energy expenditure, physical fitness, and sensitivity to the action of insulin, all of which are beneficial effects for obese people.

Aerobic exercises like walking, jogging, swimming, or cycling can be carried out before meals or advised by the physician.

A few other article that you might be interested in: Diet for Coronary Heart Disease


Energy cost of activities calories Kg/Hour

  • Walking rapidly  4 calorie/kg/hour
  • Walking at a faster speed (5.3 miles/hour) 8.3
  • Bicycling (moderate pace) 6.7
  • Light games 4.4
  • Yoga 0
  • Running 2.5
  • Household work 1.4

Yoga and meditation

  • The remedies for stress management of heart disease through yogic practice have gained widespread acceptance in the medical field.
  • Yogic relaxation practices are effective in reducing anxiety. In the release of repressed emotions, an individual can be less reactive to repressed emotions; an individual can be less reactive to situations, thus improving mental health and physical well being.


The conclusion is that lifestyle modification, body weight maintenance with a low-fat diet, rich in fiber, and antioxidants with physical exercise combined with meditation and yoga could be preventive for hyperlipidemia.

Here are a few article to check out: Angina Pectoris Occurs When….

Also, if you think we have missed important information in this post, then remind us in the comments below.

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