Breastfeeding And It’s Techniques | Breastfeeding Massage Techniques

Breast-Feeding is the best natural nutrition for the baby, which received from the mother to baby. Breastfeeding is basic and whole food for babies. Before Starting Breast-Feeding, You have to be careful about breastfeeding and its techniques.

Breast-Feeding is the most effective natural way to provide complete nutrition and caring warmness. Breastfeeding is an essential technique to provide adequate nutrition to the baby.

Here are some fine points that you should know about Breastfeeding.

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Table of Contents

Breastfeeding massage techniques

Before Start, Brest feeding, apply a hot, moist compress to your breasts. Using your fingertips, very carefully massage from the top of your breast down and over the nipple.

Then press firmly on your breast and massage in a round motion to help milk towards your nipples.

The advantages of breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is safe, effective, and protective food for babies.

Brest feeding fulfils the nutrition requirement of the baby and prevents malnutrition and improves growth and

The Advantages Of Breastfeeding Are As Follow:           

Nutritive value

  • Brest milk provides all the nutrients required for maximum growth and development of the baby till the six month
  • Brest milk contain amino acids and 600 to 700 ml per day amount of breast milk is sufficient for the baby
  • Brest milk plays an essential role in brain growth in infants and the absorption of calcium.

Digestibility

  • Brest milk contains essential protein-like, Lacto albumin, and globulin, which turn into soft curd, enzyme lipase digest fat, and provide fatty acid.
  • Brest milk is the most easily digestible food for babies.

Protective value

  • Brest milk contains nutrients:-
  • ANTIBODIES:- IgA (Immunoglobulin A), IgM (Immunoglobulin M) 
  • Macrophages, lymphocytes, unsaturated lactoferrin, lysosomes, Bifidus factor, interferons.
  • Brest feeding prevents a specific infection in the baby like GI & respiratory tract infection, e.g., diarrhea, ARI (acute respiratory infection), septicemia, skin infection.

Psychological benefits

  • Breastfeeding helps improve the emotional bondage of mother and baby, skin to skin contact, affection and love, attention, and interaction. 
  • Breast-feeding technique promotes psychomotor, social development, higher intelligence development in the baby.

Maternal benefits

  • Breastfeeding plays a significant role in improving maternal health like, to reduce the risk of postpartum hemorrhage, breast, and ovarian cancer.
  • Breast-feeding is improving the better uterine involution.

Family and community benefits

  • Breastfeeding is the cheapest, energy, and time-saving method to feed the baby.
  • It is the most secure technique to provide whole nutrition from mother to baby.

Preparation of breastfeeding

Brest feeding requires during the antenatal period, and this technique can introduce in the childhood period and during school education about its importance.

Mother training should require for providing proper breastfeeding to your baby, in that training mother should know about techniques, benefits of Breast-feeding at a time of pre-pregnancy periods because a mother should psychologically prepare to feed the baby immediately.

Initiation of breastfeeding early initiation of breastfeed:

Within the first 30-60 minutes after delivery:       

  1. Psychological bonding with skin contact is maximal.
  2. Rooting and suckling reflexes are maximal
  3. Suckling stimulates milk secretion or lets down reflex.
  4. Colostrum has nutritious anti-infective characters.

Indicators of the adequacy of breastfeeding

Adequacy of breastfeeding is indicated and established by the following:

  1. Audible swallowing sound during the fed.
  2. Let down sensation in mother’s breast.
  3. The chest is full before a feed and softer afterward.
  4. Baby has wet nappies six or more times in 24 hrs.
  5. Soft bowel movements, 3 to 8 times in 24 hrs.
  6. Weight gain of 18 to 30 g/day.
  7. The baby sleeps well and not crying frequently.          

Composition of breast milk

Colostrum (First Breast Milk)

  • It secretes during the early three days after delivery.
  • Brest milk is yellow in color and thick in consistency

Transitional Milk

  • It follows the colostrum and emits during 1ST 2 weeks of the postnatal period
  • It has increases fat and sugar content and decreased immunoglobulin and protein.

Mature Milk

  • It secretes after 10 to 12 days of delivery.
  • It is watery but contains all the nutrients for the baby’s growth.

Preterm milk

  • That mother who have preterm delivery in that case preterm milk secreted.
  • Preterm milk is different from the mother who has a full-term baby.
  • This milk contains more proteins, sodium, iron, immunoglobulins, and calories appropriate for preterm neonates’ requirements. 

Fore Milk

  • It secretes at the starting days of normal breastfeeding.
  • It contains all the vitamins, minerals, protein,

Hind Milk

  • It is secreted towards the end of regular breastfeeding and contains more fat and energy.
  • First mother should allow the one breast to feed with both milk foremilk and hind milk and then offer the other breast. 

Techniques of breastfeeding

  • Mother should be prepared, comfortable and relaxed both physically and mentally before giving breastfeed 
  • She should wash her hand before giving breastfeeding 
  • Clean and dry the baby before feeding. 
  • Correct positioning of mother and baby 
  • The mother forearm should support baby in a slight head elevated position and with head neck and back in a straight line 
  • Hold close to mother 
  • Facing towards mother
  • Latching criteria
  • Baby chin touches the breast
  • Cheek touches the nipple
  • Widely open the mouth 
  • Areola go into the mouth

Protective reflexes:- The suckling of the nipple initiated it.

Prolactin reflex: To breast milk secretion.

Oxytocin reflex:  It works before or during breastfeeding to make milk flow.

Rooting reflex: Touching the check or circular area leads to turning the head to the side of the stimulus leading to opening the mouth seeking for the nipple.

Suckling reflex: Tactile stimuli of the nipple or areola tissue filling the mouth, leading to provide breastfeeding by the tongue against the hard palate.

Swallowing reflex: Follows suckling or allows interruption to breathe to prevent choking during swallowing

Positioning of mother and baby

  1. Cradle position 
  2. Cross cradle position 
  3. Football position 
  4. Side-lying position 
  5. Laidback position

Contraindication

  • The valid contraindication is and phenylketonuria.
  • The maternal condition considered as ‘REAL’ contraindication are radiotherapy, Ergot therapy, anti-metabolites therapy and lithium drug.
  • Maternal illness is also interrupt breastfeeding.
  • Expressed breast milk (EBM) can be given to the baby, whenever needed, from the mother or mother’s substitute.

Problems of breast feeding

  • The baby does not suck.
  • No artificial food or water to be given to the baby.
  • The nipple should be placed slightly upward towards the roof of the baby’s mouth.
  • Keeping the baby’s nose free during breastfeeding.

The baby who refused on breast

  • The baby should be in a comfortable position with an excellent attachment to the breast and be kept dry and warm.
  • The mother should express breast milk to maintain lactation in both breasts.
  • They are allowing the baby to feed only one breast.
  • Treatment should start after birth of the day.
  • The nipple is manually stretched and rolled out several times a day.
  • A pump or a plastic syringe (10ml) use to draw out the nipple, and then put the baby to the breast. Precautions should be there to prevent injury to the nipple. 
  • To correct positioning and latching of the baby to the breast.
  • Baby should not pull off the breast while still sucking.
  • Frequent Feeding should give the baby to prevent breast engorgement. 
  • Milk should express gently to soften the breast and then put the baby on the breast side with proper latching.
  • Give analgesics and antibiotics.
  • An abscess may need incision and drainage.
  • Breastfeeding should continue. 

Working mother

  • The mother should express her milk in one clean container so the caretaker can feed the baby in the absence of the mother.
  • Express breast milk (EBM) can store at room temperature for 8 hours and in the refrigerator for 24 hours.

Regurgitation

  • It occurs as backward flowing of feed from the stomach along with swallowed air.
  • The infant should be placed on the right side after feeding, and burping should be done by proper technique to remove the swallowed air.

Vomiting

  • Vomiting may occur due to overfeeding, excessive swallowing of air, prolonged burping, or maybe due to pathological conditions like gastroenteritis, congenital pyloric stenosis, intestinal obstruction.

Suckling & swallowing difficulties

  • Some neonates in the first few days after birth.
  • It may be a normal process in the process of adapting the breastfeeding technique but prolonged due to congenital malformation like cleft palate, cleft lip, large tongue, and others.,

Dehydration fever

  • Fever, drowsiness, lethargy, and refusal of feed are prevalent in neonates in the first 3 to 4 days of life, possibly due to infection.

Excessive crying 

  • The infant may cry towards late afternoon or evening, especially in the first three months of age and can be termed as ‘3 months colic’ or ‘evening colic.’

Underfeeding

  • Low breast milk production and early introduction of artificial Feeding lead to failure of weight gain.
  • give Feeding frequently and longer, day and night, at least 10 to 12 times per day. 
  • Bottle feeding should stop.

Overfeeding 

  • Overfeeding is not a common problem, and in affluent families and overprotective mothers, the question can be there
  • Required and calculated amounts of feeds recommended according to the expected weight of the particular age of the child 

Failure of lactation

  • Prelacteal feeding, bottle feeding, the incorrect breastfeeding technique as a weak attachment to breast, and making the baby wait for breastfeeding or delayed Feeding lessen the milk secretion.
  • Medications like methergine or ergometrine, oral contraceptive also hinders the milk production.
  • Maternal, worry, anxiety, lack of interest, weak psychological bondage with baby, suppress the lactation and prevent successful lactation.
  • Acute illness, chronic diseases, poor maternal health, breast engorgement, breast abscess, flat nipple, cracked nipple, sore nipple, painful breastfeeding inhibit the lactation.
  • Faulty sucking, weak baby, or sick baby are also important causes of lactation failure.

Conclusion

Mother’s milk is essential for the holistic development of the baby. Mothers of the present century are very puggesive about their body, or many other problems such as not getting enough milk due to hormonal problems, etc. 

You should feed your baby well Babies who are breastfed satisfactorily are more intelligent and happier, have a lower risk of disease, and stay healthy, so breast milk is beneficial.

For Further reading must read:

2 Month Baby Feeding Schedule | Baby Feeding Schedule By Age

Which Techniques do you use from above list for breastfeeding? Let me know in the comments below.

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