Vaginitis is an inflammation or infection in the vagina. This often leads to itching and pain in the vagina, discharge, and odor, even urination and pain during intercourse. Common causes of vaginitis include bacterial infections, yeast, and trichomonas.
Bacterial vaginosis is considered to be the most common bacterial infection caused by an imbalance in the bacteria present in your vagina. Vaginitis can also result in non-infectious physical or chemical inflammation.
Burning Sensation In Vagina
Burning sensation around the vagina is a relatively common cause. There are many causes of vaginal burns, including inflammation, sexually transmitted diseases, and menopause. Each cause has its symptoms and treatment.
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Causes of vaginitis
The most common cause of vaginitis is vaginal infections that include candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, and trichomoniasis. The most critical time for the occurrence of vaginitis is puberty, and 90% of the time. Different types of bacteria are involved during infection.
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Types of vaginitis
An inflammation of the vagina, with discharge; due to mechanical, chemical, allergic, or other noninfectious irritation, poor hygiene, imbalance in vaginal flora.
Predisposing factors: contact allergens, excessive perspiration, synthetic underclothing, poor hygiene, foreign bodies ( tampons, condoms, spermicides, diaphragms that have been left in too long.)
An inflammation of the vagina is commonly referred to as nonspecific vaginitis because it is not caused by trichomonas, candida, or gonorrhea. It is not considered an STD.
Increased levels of Gardnerella vaginalis are usually responsible for symptoms.
A condition produced by a protozoan that thrives in an alkaline environment. Recurrence may occur due to low levels of antimicrobial resistance.
A fungal infection caused by Candida Albicans. It is associated with steroid therapy, obesity, pregnancy, antimicrobial therapy, diabetes mellitus, oral contraceptives, frequent douching, and chronic debilitative disease.
A typical post-menopausal occurrence due to atrophy of the vaginal mucosa secondary to decreased estrogen level; more susceptible to infection.
Symptoms of vaginitis
main symptoms are
- Vaginal itching, irritation, and burning
- Odor increased and unusual vaginal discharge
- Pelvic pain
- Dysuria Asymptomatic
The doctor will examine your body and find out about your medical history, as you have had a sexually transmitted infection before.
A doctor will do a pelvic examination to examine the vagina for inflammation and further discharge. Sometimes secretions are taken to determine the cause of the inflammation.
treatment depends on its symptom. Can apply it to the skin, topical or oral antibiotics, antifungals, or antibacterial creams. These include low-potency stable steroids.
Medications are used to treat fungal infections.
Other options include:
- Cortisone cream for the treatment of acute inflammation.
- Antihistamines, if the inflammation may be allergic.
- Estrogen cream, if estrogen levels cause vaginitis.
- If someone is pregnant, she should make sure her doctor knows, as vaginitis affects the fetus, as not all treatment options are suitable.
Most women experience vaginitis and are less likely to have an increased risk. However, you can use antibiotics by discussing them with your doctor.
No having sex and avoid potentially irritating vaginal products for several days after diagnosis.
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