Sinus infection is an inflammation of the air cavities in the passages of the nose.
This infection can cause by allergies and chemical or particulate irritation of the sinuses. However, most people do not spread sinus infections to other people.
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Sinus infection symptoms
Sinusitis signs and symptoms include:
- Facial tenderness
- Pressure and pain in the sinuses, ears, and teeth,
- Cloudy, discoloured nasal drainage
- The feeling of nasal stuffiness
- Sore throat
- Occasionally facial swelling
Symptoms of a bacterial sinus infection include:
- Facial pain,
- Pus-like nasal discharge
Sinus infection is generally diagnosed by physical examination based on the patient’s history.
Causes of sinus infections
Sinus infections may be caused by anything that interferes with airflow into the sinuses. The sinus openings (ostea) may be blocked by swelling of the tissue lining and nasal passage tissue, for example, with
- Common colds
- Tissue irritants such as nasal sprays, cocaine, and cigarette smoke
Dehydration, disease, dry medications, and lack of sufficient humidity can cause a sinus infection. The mucous drainage from the sinuses can also be impaired by the thickening of the mucous secretions, by a decrease in hydration.
Can a sinus infection cause body aches?
Unfortunately, many doctors haven’t accepted sinus problems as a cause of body aches. Still, some clinical records showed that 50% of people diagnosed with fibromyalgia (a condition that causes pain all over the body) have chronic sinus problems.
To learn more, you can read: Can A Sinus Infection Make You Dizzy?
Can a sinus infection cause shortness of breath?
Some people have shortness of breathing when they get a cold. Others have trouble breathing because of occasional periods of acute sinus infection.
This infection can make it difficult to breathe through your nose for a week or more until the inflammation subsides and the blocked sinuses begin to drain.
Read this post: Breathing Exercise During Covid-19
Can a sinus infection cause high blood pressure?
It is a reality that sinus problems that are medically known as sinusitis can cause significant high blood pressure amongst many patients. First, it is necessary to understand sinusitis to work out the relationship between sinusitis and high blood pressure.
Sinuses can become a gateway for many health conditions. It can leave any patient exposed to many health issues, not just high blood pressure.
I recommend you to read following posts that will help you: High Blood Pressure After Covid-19
When to see a doctor?
Schedule an appointment with your doctor if:
- You have had sinusitis several times, and the condition doesn’t recover from the medications.
- You have Sinus infection symptoms that last more than 10 days.
- Your symptoms don’t get better after you see your doctor.
See your doctor immediately if you have the following signs or symptoms, which can lead to a serious infection:
- Swelling or redness around your eyes
- Severe headache
- Forehead swelling
- Double vision or other vision changes
- Stiff neck
Must read: How To Cure Sinus permanently?
You’re at increased risk of getting chronic sinus infection if you have:
- A deviated nasal septum
- Nasal polyps
- Dental infection
- Fungal infection
- HIV/AIDS or cystic fibrosis
- High fever or another allergic condition
- Regular exposure to pollutants
You must read this article: Is Hiv And Aids The Same Thing?
Serious complications of chronic sinus infections are rare but may include:
- Vision problems: If your sinus infection develops to your eye, it can cause possibly reduced vision or blindness that can be permanent.
- Infections: people with a chronic sinus infection can develop inflammation surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and cause an infection in the bones or skin.
Here are a few articles to check out:
Take the following steps to reduce your risk of getting chronic sinus infection:
Avoid upper respiratory infections: Avoid contact with a person who has colds or is sick with other infections. Wash your hands properly, especially before meals.
Manage your allergies. Work with your doctor’s recommendations to keep symptoms under control. Avoid exposure to things you’re allergic to.
Avoid cigarette smoke and polluted air. Tobacco smoke and air pollution can irritate or inflame your lungs and post-nasal passages.
Use a humidifier: Humidifier therapy adds moisture to the air to prevent dryness that can irritate your sinuses. Humidifiers may be effective in treating dryness of the nose, throat, and lips, and skin. Make sure you keep the humidifier clean and free with regular cleaning.
An acute sinus infection usually goes away within one to two weeks with proper care and medication. However, chronic sinusitis is more severe and may require seeing a specialist.
Chronic sinusitis can last for up to 3 months. However, good hygiene, keeping your sinuses moist and clear, and treating symptoms can help shorten the course of the infection.
Many treatments and procedures exist for both acute and chronic cases. Even if you experience multiple acute or chronic infections, seeing a specialist can greatly improve your chances of getting over these infections.
Related post: Tooth Abscess In Sinus Cavity
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