Lupus can be challenging for everyone to diagnose because its symptoms may resemble those of other health conditions. In addition, the symptoms can differ widely from person to person.
The main role of the immune system is to fight off foreign enemies, such as bacteria and viruses. For example, the immune system mistakes normal body tissues for harmful substances in a person with lupus.
In this article, learn about lupus symptoms and how they look.
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The symptoms of lupus appear or get worse during flares. However, once a flare is over, a person can have mild or no symptoms for weeks, months, or years.
A person with lupus notices some of the following symptoms.
Most people with lupus experience a red or purplish rash that spreads from the nose over to the cheeks in a shape that matches a butterfly.
The rash can be smooth, or it has a scaly or rough texture. It looks like a sunburn.
The medical term for this rash is a malar rash. However, other conditions can cause a malar rash, so this symptom alone is not just to indicate lupus. Other conditions also cause a malar rash include:
To learn more, you can read: All About Covid Itchy Skin
Sores or red patches on the skin
Lupus cause two types of sore:
- Discoid lupus lesions, which are thick or disk-shaped. They usually appear on the scalp or face and can cause permanent scarring.
- Subacute cutaneous lesions, which look like patches of scaly skin or ring-shaped sores. They appear on areas of skin that get exposure to the sun, such as the arms, shoulders, and neck.
People who have these types of lesions avoid being out in the sunlight, use sunscreen, wear sun-protective clothes, and limit or avoid showing fluorescent light.
Must read: Redness And Swelling
Joint swelling and pain
These issues normally affect the extremities, including the fingers, toes, knees, wrists, and ankles. Although lupus is not a kind of arthritis disease, the inflammation it causes can result in arthritis symptoms.
You must read this article: Is Neck And Shoulder Pain A Sign of Covid-19
Can you have lupus without the rash?
Does lupus rash itch and burn?
Some medications that doctors prescribe to help with lupus symptoms include: