What is COPD?
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is an obstruction in airflow due to chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Significant obstruction is always present
COPD is called Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which is a much more severe disease than asthma. COPD is rapidly catching people worldwide, so it is essential to know about the causes and symptoms of COPD.
Often people consider Asthma and COPD to be the same disease because they both have the same symptoms. Both of these problems include common symptoms such as cough, phlegm, and difficulty in breathing. However, these two diseases are very different from each other.
COPD is called Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which is a much more severe disease than asthma. COPD disease is rapidly catching people worldwide, so it is essential to know about COPD.
Diaphragmatic breathing, or “abdominal breathing,” when the abdomen, abdominal muscles, and diaphragm are fully engaged while breathing. This means that with each inhaled breath, the diaphragm actively pulls. In this way, diaphragmatic breathing helps to fill the lungs more efficiently.
Table of Contents
Signs and symptoms of COPD
COPD symptoms do not appear until significant lung damage has occurred, and they worsen over time, especially if smoking continues.
- Productive cough.
- Decreased exercise tolerance.
- Shortness of breath.
- Prolonged expiration.
- Cyanosis around lips.
- Clubbing of fingers.
- Pitting peripheral edema.
Other early symptoms
Some people don’t notice any symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the early stages. For example, you cannot perform the daily tasks of life as quickly as you used to do earlier, such as gardening, climbing stairs, or getting your groceries in. Because you’ve gained your weight, stopped exercising in your routine life, or get the flu.
Causes of COPD
COPD is an ongoing lung disorder that makes it hard to breathe. Smoking is a leading cause of COPD. Learn more about COPD cause.
- Smoking is a common risk factor.
- Industrial smoke,
- Second-hand smoke,
- Chemical gases, vapors, mists & fumes.
- Dust from grains, minerals & other materials.
- History of childhood respiratory infections.
- Genetic makeup.
- Increasing age.
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- Bronchodilator drugs.
- Respiratory infections – influenza and Streptococcus pneumonia vaccination.
- Bronchopulmonary drainage and postural drainage.
- Chest physiotherapy
- Short and long-acting B2adrenergic agonists.
- Short and long-acting Anticholinergics drugs.
- Oxygen therapy for patients with hypoxia (PaO2<55 mmHg, SaO2 <88% ) and erythrocytosis.
- Pulmonary rehabilitation and education.
- exercise program and improved nutrition.
- Glucocorticoids –only 10% of COPD patients show personal benefit and enhanced lung function on systemic Glucocorticoids.
- Inhaled Glucocorticoids may ¯ severity of exacerbations and need for hospitalization. The benefit of a 10-14 day trial of 30-40mg prednisone for Stage III COPD patients remains to be proven.
- Lung volume reduction surgery.
If you are living with COPD, then it is vital to get medical care. You have to take all your medicines as your doctor prescribes.
Talk to your doctor when you should get flu, or influenza, and pneumonia vaccines. Ask him about other diseases for which COPD can increase your risks, such as heart disease, lung cancer, and pneumonia.
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