Scientists of Oxford University had claimed that they have got such results that severe corona patients are being cured using the Dexamethasone drug. University researchers said that the death rate of severe patients with a steroid called dexamethasone decreased by up to one-third.
According to Oxford University scientist Martin Landray, the research suggests that if a patient of COVID-19 lacks oxygen and is on a ventilator if such a patient is given the drug dexamethasone, there is a higher chance of survival and on this. The cost is also significantly less.
Referring to this research, the Secretary-General of WHO said that had seen that dexamethasone works as a life-saving for severe patients of covid-19 so that this drug can be used.
Should give dexamethasone medicine only to critical patients under the supervision of doctors. No evidence found that this drug works even on patients with minor corona effects, but it can also harm them.
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If you’ve had heart disease, you may be at increased risk for heart damage from this drug. Before using this drug, be sure the doctor knows you’ve had a heart attack.
Dexamethasone for more extended periods can lead to eye problems like glaucoma or cataracts. In addition, the drug may cause damage to the optic nerves or viral eye infections.
Dexamethasone can worsen some infections, and the infection may develop during treatment. Don’t take this medicine if you have a history of fungal infections and tuberculosis. Tell your doctor everything about any past infections or illnesses.
Measles or chickenpox
Tell your doctor everything if you haven’t had measles or chickenpox or if you haven’t had the vaccines to prevent them. If you have all of these diseases while taking dexamethasone, you may have more versions of the diseases.
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What is dexamethasone?
Dexamethasone is one type of prescription medication. It’s available as an oral solution, oral tablet, and ear drops. In addition, it’s available as an intraocular solution or an injectable solution given after surgery. A healthcare provider gives these forms.
The dexamethasone tablet is available in the market as the brand-name drug DexPak. In addition, it’s available as a generic drug. In many cases, they may not be available in forms as brand-name drugs.
Why it's used
Dexamethasone is used to treat some conditions that cause inflammation, hormone deficiency, and immune system activity. These conditions include:
- Allergic reactions
- Certain lymphomas and leukemias
- Rheumatic diseases and other rheumatoid arthritis, including psoriatic arthritis and acute gouty arthritis
- Skin diseases, eczema, pemphigus, and mycosis fungoides
- Myasthenia gravis or multiple sclerosis
Dexamethasone side effects
Dexamethasone tablet doesn’t cause drowsiness, but it also causes other side effects.
The common side effects that can occur with oral dexamethasone tablets include:
- Mood changes, such as stress, depression, shifts in mood, or personality changes
Serious side effects
Call your doctor if you have some severe side effects. Serious side effects can include the following:
- Unusual dizziness
- Blood in stool or black stool
- Blood in your urine
- Congestive heart failure
Dexamethasone may interact with other medications.
Dexamethasone tablet interacts with other medications, some vitamins, and herbs you are taking. As a result, it can be prevented or harm the drug from working well.
Here are examples of drugs that can cause communications with dexamethasone are listed here.
Erythromycin is used to prevent infections caused by bacteria. This drug increases the amount of dexamethasone in your body. However, it raises the risk of side effects.
Using dexamethasone with blood thinners can decrease the levels of these drugs in your body. It can raise your risk of clots or stroke. Examples of these drugs include:
Warfarin is used to thin the blood. However, using dexamethasone with this drug may result in changes to the risk of bleeding. Therefore, your doctor needs to monitor you closely.
Taking dexamethasone with drugs used to lower cholesterol can keep your body from absorbing dexamethasone well. Some examples of these drugs include:
Digoxin is used to treat heart problems or heart failure. Using this drug with dexamethasone could increase the risk of irregular heartbeats caused by low potassium levels.
Dexamethasone can cause an allergic reaction. Symptoms can include:
- Trouble in breathing
- Swelling of throat or tongue
If you have any allergic reaction, call your doctor or any local poison control center.
The liver and kidneys of adults may not work as well as they used to. As per result, some drug stays in your body for a long time. As a result, it raises your risk of side effects.
For pregnant women
- Research in animals has shown effects to the fetus when the mother takes the drug.
- There haven’t been studies done in humans to see how the drug might affect the female fetus.
Talk with your doctor if you’re planning to become pregnant or you’re pregnant. This drug should be used if the benefit supports the possible risk to the fetus.
For breastfeeding women
Dexamethasone oral tablet is not recommended for women who are breastfeeding. It is because the drug can pass to a child through breast milk and may cause side effects.
How to take dexamethasone
It May not include a possible dosage here. Your dose, form, and how you take it will depend on:
- Your age
- How you react to the first dose
- How severe your condition
Dosage for inflammation and other conditions
Form: oral tablet
Strengths: 0.5mg, 0.75 mg, 1 mg1.5 mg, 4 mg, and 6 mg
Form: oral tablet
Strengths: 0.25 mg, 0.5 mg, 0.75 mg, 10 mg, 1.5 mg, 4 mg, and 6 mg
Adult dosage (18 years and older)
Typical dosage: 0.02-0.3 mg per kg of body weight per day.
Frequently Asked Question
What is the situation after covid-19?
In some people with Covid-19, symptoms persist for weeks or months after recovery from acute illness. This is known as the ‘post-Covid-19 state’, sometimes described as ‘prolonged COVID’.
What is a silent carrier in the context of COVID-19?
The answer is recent evidence that COVID-19 can be spread by silent carriers. These silent carriers or spreaders are people who are infected with the coronavirus but show little or no symptoms of the disease. As a result, these people go about their daily lives, meet family and friends, go to work and spread the disease without their own knowledge.
What are some of the symptoms of the new Omicron variant of COVID-19?
But other common COVID-19 symptoms, such as cough, fever and loss of smell or taste, are still important signs to watch out for with the Omicron variant.
How to stay calm during the coronavirus pandemic?
Focus all your attention on the here and now: notice the sights, sounds and smells around you and what you feel in your body. Continue to breathe slowly—slowly bring your mind back to your body and breathe each time it flows—until you feel more calm.
Take as directed
Dexamethasone oral tablets are used for longer treatment. However, they come with some serious risks if you don’t take them as prescribed.
Stop taking the dexamethasone suddenly…
If you stop taking dexamethasone suddenly, you may have side effects such as tiredness, fever, joint pain, and muscle aches.
If you take too much…
Severe symptoms of an overdose of this drug can include:
- Irregular heartbeats
- Swelling of your throat or tongue
What to do if you miss your daily dose
If you miss a daily dexamethasone dose, take the next dose as planned. It could result in dangerous side effects on your health.
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