Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder in which the patient’s mind is either very depressed or very excited for several months or weeks in a row.
It is a type of mood disorder, which can be understood as mania and hypomania.
Also causes excessive mood swings. It is a cyclic disorder in which the victim’s mood swings alternately into two distinct and different moods.
It is a disease in which the behavior of the victim changes rapidly.
Such a person suddenly gets tense, and his self-confidence becomes exceptionally high. Whereas in the second moment, he becomes calm.
Many times in this disease, a person cannot control his behavior even if he wants to. The disease is usually found in drug users.
I had earlier shared What Is Mood Disorder?: Types, Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment I hope you read the post.
Table of Contents
Do I have bipolar disorder?
A person with bipolar mood disorder is experiencing changes in mood pattern, energy, and activity levels that can make daily life difficult.
In the everyday lives of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Related to experiences. They have experienced different challenges in life.
I also wrote a tutorial on Do I Have Cyclothymia? that you can follow.
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Symptoms of Bipolar disorder
According to the International Bipolar Organization, symptoms vary between individuals. For some people, episodes can last for months or even years. Others may experience “high” and “low” at the same time or in quick continuation.
Hypomania and mania are elevated moods. Mania is more severe than hypomania.
To learn more, you can read Mania And Hypomania: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment.
Its symptoms are as follows.
- Damaged judgment
- Even a little sleep does not make you feel tired
- A sense of distraction or boredom
- Underperforming at work or school
- Feeling able to do anything
- Engage in favorable and forthcoming, sometimes aggressively risky behaviors
- Increased impulse
- Feeling happy or joyful
- High level of confidence, self-esteem, and self-importance
- Talk too much and fast
- Missing from one topic to another in a conversation
- There are “racing” ideas that come and go quickly and weird ideas that one can act on
- Do not deny or understand that anything is wrong
- Some people with bipolar disorder can spend a lot of money, use recreational drugs, drink alcohol, and participate in dangerous and inappropriate activities
Symptoms of depression
When an episode of bipolar depression, a person may experience:
- Darkness, despair, and feelings of despair
- Extreme sadness
- Insomnia and sleeping problems
- Worry about small issues
- A sense of guilt, which can change in the wrong way
- Eat more or eat less
- Weight loss or weight gain
- Extreme fatigue, exhaustion, and listing
- Inability to enjoy activities or interests that are generally enjoyable
- Difficulty concentrating and remembering
- Feeling to sounds, smells, and other things that others do not notice
You must read this article:
Types of bipolar disorder
A person experiences hypomanic or major depressive episodes before and after the episodes of mania.
It affects men and women equally.
One or more episodes of depression least one hypomanic episode.
There is no other diagnosis to explain mood swings.
A person with hypomania feels good and works well, but their mood is not stable.
People who have cyclothymia will have episodes of hypomania and depression. These symptoms are less severe than mania and depression due to short and bipolar I or bipolar II disorders. Most people with this condition only experience between one or two months when their morale is stable.
(Neurotic/ reactive depression) is a chronic, mild depressive state persisting for months or years? It is less severe than a central depression. In dysthymia person has suicidal ideation, social work is affected, poor judgment, and memory impairment.
I recommend you to read following posts that will help Dysthymia Depression: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment.
Causes of bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder appears from a combination of factors.
Bipolar disorder is most common in people with a family condition. May involve many genetic features.
Research suggests that an imbalance in neurotransmitters or hormones affecting the brain may play a role.
Life events, such as abuse, stress, “significant loss,” or another traumatic event, can provoke an early episode in a sensitive person.
You must read this article: Marital and Family Therapy
Is bipolar disorder hereditary?
Bipolar disorder can be passed hereditary from parents to offspring. Research suggests that it has identified a strong genetic link in people with the disorder.
If you have bipolar disorder, you are four to six times more likely to develop it than other people who are not having a history of the condition.
Diagnosis of bipolar disorder
One or extra manic episodes, or mixed (manic and depressive) episodes, includes one major depressive episode. But it may not be. Diagnosis of bipolar II includes one or more major depressive episodes and at least one episode of hypomania.
To diagnose a manic episode, you experience symptoms that last for at least a week or take you to the hospital. During this time, you experience symptoms almost all day, every day. On the other hand, major depressive episodes last at least two weeks.
Bipolar disorder can be challenging to diagnose because mood swings can change. It is more challenging to diagnose in children and adolescents. In this age group, there are always significant changes in mood, behavior, and energy levels.
Testing for bipolar disorder symptoms
A test result does not diagnose bipolar disorder.
Your doctor will perform a thorough physical examination. They may also suggest a blood or urine test to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms.
Mental status assessment
The doctor may assess the mental status examination to rule out bipolar mood disorder.
(DSM) The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of criteria for mental health shows the symptoms of various mental health disorders. Doctors may follow this list to confirm a bipolar diagnosis.
To learn more, you can read: Major Depressive Disorder With Psychotic Features
Treatment for bipolar disorder
To get started, you’ll need to: Is Psychotherapy Effective?
These include medications, counseling, and lifestyle changes. Some natural remedies can also be helpful.
- Mood stabilizers, such as lithium
- Antipsychotics, such as olanzapine (Zyprexa)
- Antidepressant-antipsychotics, such as fluoxetine-olanzapine (Symb Syx)
- Can be used Anti-anxiety drugs such as benzodiazepines, alprazolam (Zenax) for short-term TreatmentTreatment.
Read: Lithium is Bipolar Disorder Drug
Recommended psychiatry may include:
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a type of discussion therapy. Talk to you and your therapist about ways to manage your bipolar disorder. They will help you understand the way you think. They can also help you move forward with a positive remedy strategy.
Must read this post: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Bipolar Disorder
Psychoeducation helps you to understand the disorder. Knowing more about bipolar disorder helps you and others in your life handle it.
Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy
Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy works on regulating daily habits such as sleeping, eating, and exercising. By balancing these everyday basics, you can manage your disorder.
Other treatment options
Other treatment options may include:
- Electroconvulsive therapy(ECT)
- Sleep medications
There are also some simple remedies you can take right now to help manage your bipolar disorder.
- Eat and sleep regularly
- talk to the healthcare provider
- ask a friend to support your treatments
- learn to notice mood swings
- Other lifestyle changes will also help alleviate the depressive symptoms caused by bipolar disorder.
Read: Play Therapy Activities
Natural remedies Bipolar Disorder
Fish oil. People who consume more fish and fish oil are less likely to develop bipolar disorder. You can take an over-the-counter (OTC) supplement.
Rhodiola rose. These plants can be a helpful remedy for moderate depression. It can help treat the depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder.
S-adenosylmethionine (SAMA). Sam is an amino acid supplement. It reduces the symptoms of depression and other mood disorders.
Here are a few articles to check out:
Bipolar disorder is a relatively common but severe mental health condition that includes changes in mood, energy levels, and attention, among other symptoms.
Treatment may not eliminate mood swings, but working closely with a working cutter can make symptoms easier and increase the quality of life.
- Major Depressive Disorder With Psychotic Features | All About Psychotic Disorder
- What is Specific Developmental Disorder?: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
- How to Stop Tics disorder | Know more about Tic disorder in Adults
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