What is OCD?
OCD is a mental disorder in which that person has repetitive, unwanted thoughts; impulses make the person do the activities repeatedly.
Obsession means repetitive thoughts, and compulsion means to do the action or behavior. Addiction leads to compulsion. If a person is not doing the thing or not performing the behavior, it will produce anxiety and nervousness.
E.g., counting the things, hand washing more than seven times after touching, or some could be dirty, checking the door lock repeatedly whether it is locked or not.
OCD is uncontrollable obsessions and compulsions, which produce excessive worry and anxiety.
Some patients with OCD have difficulty removing all unnecessary or chronic junk. These activities occur to the extent that most of them endanger their everyday life and their daily life is negatively affected.
Although most adult OCD patients find that their strange behavior is incomprehensible, they still cannot stop.
According to medical experts, OCD affects about 2.3% of people worldwide at some point in their lives.
Typically, symptoms begin after 35, although many develop OCD symptoms even before 20. Men and women are affected both by this disorder.
According to icd 10 classification, it comes under F40-F48 Neurotic disorder, Stress-related and Somatoform disorder, and F40 phobic disorder and F41 other Anxiety disorder.
Table of Contents
Do I have obsessive compulsive disorder?
Obsessive thoughts or compulsive behaviors are associated with each other and interfere with daily life.
- Persistent images thought, impulses as an intrusive experienced if not done the action it causes anxiety and distress in the person.The person will try to ignore the thoughts, impulses, or images with other activities or ideas.
- The person thinks that obsession motivations, photos, and reviews are their products of a not reality-based mind.
- It is Repetitive behaviors that performing in response to obsessive thoughts.
- The action is preventing distress.
- A person realizes that OCD is time-consuming, producing stress and anxiety so.
- They have vividly imagined scenes, often of a violent or disgusting type involving abnormal sexual types observed or suspected.
- These involve internal debates in which argumentive nature for and against even the most straightforward everyday action.
- Obsession, such as not locking the door, forgetting to turn off the stove that is a compulsive act, and making multiple trips back into the home to check the things that happened.
- These are urges or impulses to perform acts usually of a violent, disgusting, or embarrassing kind such as injuring a child, shouting in a church, etc.
- These may involve mental activities such as counting, repeatedly repeating words and irrational behavior in a unique way, or repeating a particular form of words, and repeated but irrational behavior such as cleaning hands 20 or more times a day.
- A person has slowness in activities. That leads to a marked decrease in daily activities. If not done, it produces anxiety.
What causes ocd?
No reason for this has come yet, but out of these, these reasons can be:
Biological factors : OCD can be the result of changes in chemical processes or brain function in your body.
Genetics: OCD can cause heredity. However, so far, no specific gene of direct purity with OCD has been identified.
Atmosphere: Some environmental factors such as infection are thought to cause OCD, but more research is needed right now.
- Hormonal fluctuation
- Personality disorder.
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Types of ocd?
There are many different types of passions and compulsions.
- Fear of (germ) with associated compulsions of cleaning and washing, which includes passion.
- Unwanted sexual thoughts
- Harm oneself or someone else.
- Fear of acting, which Includes compulsions like checking, counting, praying, and repeating the same thing over and over again.
Ocd in children
OCD usually develops in children at two ages: between middle childhood (8 to 12 years) and adolescence (emerging adulthood (18–25 years)).
Girls develop OCD at a much older age than boys. “Although boys have higher rates of OCD during childhood than girls, there are similar amount of OCD between adult men and women.”
Ocpd and ocd disorder
While the names are the same, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) and OCD are very different Situations.
OCD typically includes obsessions that are followed by compulsive behaviors. OCPD describes a personality symptom that can usually interfere with our relationship.
OCPD is an extreme need for orderliness, perfection, and control, including interpersonal relationships; OCD is a set of obsessive thoughts and related requirements.
People with OCD are seeking help because they are distressed by the symptoms,” he says. “People with OCPD may not see their Relating rigidity and need for perfection as problematic, despite its negative effects on their relationships and well-being.”
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder DSM 5 under Personality disorders and mental retardation.
One of the most widely used tools is the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), which assesses various the most common observations and compulsions, OCD symptoms stress and interfere with their functioning.
How to treat ocd?
- Antidepressants, e.g., sertraline, fluvoxamine
- Anxiolytic, e.g., benzodiazepine
- Exposure and response prevention
- There is the Vivo exposure procedure combined with the response prevention technique in that we have to break the chain of obsession and compulsion.
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- This technique helps the individual to learn to stop thinking unwanted thoughts.
Steps of thought-stopping
- Sit in an enjoyable chair, bring to mind the unwanted idea, concentrating only one thought per procedure
- Produce calm and deliberate relaxation of muscles and diversion of thinking to something pleasant.
- Do the process repeatedly to bring unwanted thoughts under control.
- It includes deep breathing exercises, progressive muscle weakness, meditation, imagery, and music.
OCD symptoms can occur in many different ways. In addition, other psychiatric conditions, such as schizophrenia, anxiety, tick disorder, or postpartum OCD, also have symptoms.
If you fight with daily responsibilities and personal relationships because of OCD symptoms, talk to your health care provider or physician. They will give you a cure for Ocd.
If you see any symptoms related to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, let us know in the comment box. So we can help you
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