Table of Contents
What is Vitamin D Good For?
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People who are deficient in vitamin D in their body bones become weak and thin. In children, it is called Rickets and in adults called osteomalacia.
Causes of Vitamin D
Vitamin D deficiency can occur due to:
- Poor dietary intake of vitamins.
- Using sunscreen more than necessary. By doing this, the rays of the sun do not reach the skin.
- Disturbed metabolism
- Poor synthesis of vitamin D from the Skin
- Due to other medicines, both vitamin changes and absorption are affected.
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Sign and symptoms of Vitamin D
Let’s see Symptoms include:
- Irritability and Fatigue
- Sweating over the head, especially during sleep
- The early sign of Rickets
- Craniotabeswhich develops due to softening & thinning ok skull bones.
- Large size head
- Delayed closure of fontanels craniotabes
- Complication of Pregnancy
- High blood pressure
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The bony deformities of the chest include:
- Prominent costochondral junction
- Harrison’s groove
- Pigeon chest deformity
- Heart Disease
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The spinal deformities include:
- Scoliosis, kyphosis, or lordosis
- Other features include; delayed eruption of teeth, flat feet, pot belly, growth failure & neonatal cataract.
Vitamin D deficiency
Our body can produce vitamin D, yet it can be deficient in the body due to any reason.
Despite such a lot of sunshine, the incidence of Rickets due to deficiency continues to be high in India & other developing countries.
Leads to Rickets, bony deformity, growth retardation & muscular Hypotonia in children & Osteomalacia in Adult women.
What happens if vitamin D is low?
The most significant sign of a lack of in the body is to feel tired all the time. If you feel tired even after eating the proper diet and getting 7-8 hours of sleep at night, it may be due to vitamin deficiency. Lack of this vitamin causes excessive fatigue.
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A hormone that helps the body to digest calcium, when the sun’s rays fall on our body, then the ultraviolet-B rays of the sun fall on our body, then our body makes vitamin D from the cholesterol contained within.
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Signs of Vitamin D3 deficiency
Does Vitamin D help with covid?
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After several investigations, it is found that vitamin D deficiency can increase the risk of contracting the virus and severe symptoms or complications due to the disease.
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Functions of vitamin D
- Stimulated the normal mineralization of bones & teeth.
- To promotes intestinal absorption of calcium & phosphorus.
- Enhances tubular reabsorption of phosphate & calcium.
- It also contributes towards the average growth & development of children.
Benefits of Vitamin D
It is the most important of the vitamins needed for the body. Essential for balancing calcium and phosphorus in the body.
It helps absorb crucial nutrients from the digestive system.
It is also working to protect the body from disease and increase immunity of the body. Vitamin D is also necessary for the functioning of muscles and nerves. Also helps in protecting against diseases like obesity and cancer.
vitamin D benefits for women
In many cases, women become obese during the age of menopause. Or the time after the birth of the child is also similar. It helps women to remain physically fit and reduce fat.
vitamin D benefits for skin
May experience red, dry and itchy skin due to vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin intake can help you in treating such skin problems. It can also reduce skin rashes. Vitamin D is also beneficial for Treatment.
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How much should vitamin D take?
The suggested amount is 600 IU per day for adults under 70 and 800 IU for older adults. Up to 4,000 IU per day is generally considered a safe upper limit. However, doses up to 10,000 IU / day have not been shown to cause toxicity.
Generally, people consume vitamins at 400-800 IU / day or 10-20 micrograms. Daily intake of 1000–4000 IU (25–100 micrograms) is required to maintain optimal blood levels.
- Recommended daily allowance:-Infants:- 5.0mg
- Children:- 5-10 mg
- Pregnant women and lactating mothers: 5 micrograms (200 IU)
Serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D levels
Foods in high Vitamin D
It’s found in plenty of oil, milk, orange juice, mushrooms, cereals, soy products, yogurt, butter, cheese, fish, etc.
Therefore, include these food ingredients in your diet and make a rule to consume them as well.
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Prevention of Vitamin D
Exposure of the child to sunlight, avoidance of over clothing & provision of proper housing.
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Regular health supervision of child to detect the features of deficiency conditions & early interventions for prevention & Treatment.
Promotion of supply of milk with vitamin- D fortification.
Treatment of Vitamin D
Remedy to complete vitamin D deficiency
Treatment consists of Administering a single massive dose of vitamin- D orally or intramuscularly.
Gross orthopedic deformity needs surgical correction(osteotomy).
The child should be encouraged to play outside for a more extended period for exposure to sunlight.
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Dosage and Toxicity
When the blood calcium levels rise in the body, this condition is called hypercalcemia, which can be caused by high vitamin-D intake.
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In Vitamin D, we have discussed Causes, Symptoms, Benefits, Functions, Dosage and toxicity, Prevention, and Treatment.
It is essential for skin and bones.
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