Endometrial cancer is the most common cancer in women. Cancer of the uterus is also known as endometrial cancer. Cancer that occurs on the first surface of the inside of the uterus is called endometrial cancer.
How Fast Does Endometrial Cancer Spread?
In this, the cells of the inner layers of the uterus start growing irregularly, and then it spreads to other body parts. Having diseases like obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes increases the chances of getting cancer in the uterus.
Cancer of the uterus is usually adenocarcinoma of the endometrium of the uterus’s fundus or body.
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Causes of endometrial cancer
The cause of endometrial cancer is not known.
Cancer occurs when the genetic makeup of cells or groups of cells changes. Cells grow not to control than usually die in their life cycle.
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Early signs of endometrial cancer
- Vaginal bleeding between periods
- Heavy bleeding
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause
- Abnormal vaginal discharge that is watery or bloody
Suggested read: Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
- While the direct causes of endometrial cancer are unknown, some factors can increase the risk.
- The main factor in endometrial cancer is increased exposure to high levels of estrogen.
- Never be pregnant
- Menstruation begins at age 12
- Menopause after the age of 55
- Hormone replacement therapy also contributes to the risk of endometrial cancer.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome increases the risk by increasing estrogen levels.
- High estrogen levels are unlikely to cause cervical cancer in the long run.
- Use of tamoxifen to prevent and treat breast cancer
- Radiation therapy for the pelvis
- Family history of cervical cancer
- Endometrial hyperplasia, or abnormal growth or thickening of the lining of the uterus
- If ovarian or breast cancer has been diagnosed before.
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Treatment depends on the stage or how far cancer has spread:
Stage 0: On the surface of the uterus lining, cancerous cells remain where they started.
Stage 1: Cancer spreads through the uterus lining to the endometrium and possibly to the myometrium.
Stage 2: A tumor forms in the uterus
Stage 3: The tumor spreads through the uterus to nearby tissues along with vaginal or lymph nodes.
Stage 4: Cancer has spread to the bladder or intestines and possibly other areas, such as the bones, liver, or lungs.
Read: Vaginal disorders
To diagnose this type of cancer, the physician will review the medical and family history and the symptoms. They will also take a pelvic exam.
The doctor examines the uterus, uterus, vagina, and labia to see any lumps or changes in shape or length.
Transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) scans deny the size and shape of the uterus and the formation and thickness of the endometrium. So instead, inserts a transducer into the vagina, and sound waves show an image of the uterus on a monitor.
Blood tests also look at cancerous cells.
In a biopsy, samples of cells or cells are taken with the help of a microscope.
It is also called hysteroscopy. It is performed using a flexible tube into the vagina and uterus using a thin telescope or aspiration biopsy.
Tests for the spread of endometrial cancer include Pap tests, lymph node biopsies, and imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT, PET, or MRI scans.
Radiation therapy is a powerful remedy for killing cancer cells. It damages their DNA, so they no longer spread.
In external beam radiation, one beam is directed to the pelvis and other cancerous areas. There can be up to five sessions per week for several weeks. It lasts for 15 minutes.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. Combined with radiotherapy, it removes tumor remnants.
In late-stage cancer, chemotherapy does not allow the disease to progress.
Both radiotherapy and chemotherapy relieve the symptoms of advanced cancer patients.
Some hormones stimulate cancer cells to grow. Therefore, hormone therapy is used for cancer.
The primary hormone in treatment is progestin. Among other hormones, tamoxifen is an estrogen receptor modulator, luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists, and aromatase inhibitors.
Surgery usually involves a hysterectomy, which helps remove the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
Those who have a hysterectomy before menopause will not have menstruation and cannot pregnant.
If you have symptoms that indicate endometrial cancer or gynecological conditions, you should seek medical treatment and discuss with a doctor without panic.
A few other articles that you might be interested in:
- How To Explain Endometriosis Pain?
- Large Uterine Fibroid: Symptoms, Causes, Test, And Treatment
- What is Uterine Abnormalities?: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
- Uterine Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Test and Treatment
Are you using one of these treatments from the above list? If yes, then tell us how has your experience been so far? Share your thoughts in the comments!
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