Early Signs Of Tourette’s Syndrome In Children | What Is Tourette Syndrome?

What Is Tourette Syndrome?

Tourette syndrome is a neurological disease. It causes returned, automatic physical moves and vocal discharges. The exact cause is hidden.

Tics include eye blinking, throat clearing, sniffing, shoulder shrugging, mirror grimacing, etc. 

I had earlier shared  How to Stop Tics disorder  I hope you read.

Tourette syndrome symptoms child
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Table of Contents

Incidence of tourette's syndrome

  • 5 to 30 per 10,000 in children and 1 to 2 per 10,000 in adults.
  • More frequent in boys than girls.
  • The age of onset is two years but is seen more common in childhood. 

Causes tourette’s syndrome

Genetics 

  • 2/3 of relatives of Tourette’s  disorder client
  • Twins study with both monozygotic and dizygotic twins.

Biochemical 

  • Abnormality in the level of dopamine, serotonin, GABA, acetylcholine, norepinephrine

Structural 

  • Dysfunction in the area of basal ganglia
  • Larger volume in sub-region of the hippocampus in the brain

Environmental 

  • Complication in pregnancy 
  • Low birth weight
  • Head trauma
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning

Read:

Premature Infant: Cause, Treatment, And Health Problem In Pregnancy

Early signs of tourette’s syndrome in children

Motor tics  

Simple tics 

  • Eye blinking 
  • Grimacing 
  • Shrugging of shoulder 
  • Tongue protrusion 
  • Neck jerking

Complex

  • Facial gesturing 
  • Stamping 
  • Jumping 
  • Hitting self 
  • Squatting 
  • Twirling( hair twirling)
  • Echo kinesis(the act of imitating movements)

Vocal tics 

Simple  

  • Barking
  • Throat clearing 
  • Sniffing
  • Clicking( sharp sound) 
  • Grunts (animal voice)

Complex 

  • Echolalia(Repetition of the words) 
  • Palilalia(obscene gesture, inappropriate touching)
  • Coprolalia(vulgar words, socially unacceptable)

Diagnostic evaluation

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Computerized tomography (CT), 
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG) studies,
  • Lab investigation
  • History 
  • Clinical examination 
  • Neurological examination

Treatment

Psychopharmacology 

Antipsychotic 

  • Risperidone 
  • Olanzapine 
  • Haloperidol 

Alpha agonist 

  • Clonidine  

Antiepileptic drugs

  • Topamax

Antidepressant

Psychotherapy

Behaviour therapy

  • To mould the habits of tics and reduce the urge of the spasms.

Supportive therapy

  • Help the child to cope with the problem and decrease the child’s unwanted behaviour by support.

I have already covered:

Conclusion

For many people with Tourette’s syndrome,

you may find that tics improve in your late teens and early 20s. Symptoms may even stop spontaneously and entirely in your adulthood.

If your Tourette’s syndrome decreases with your age, you may need treatment for related conditions, such as anxiety, depression, and panic attacks.

It’s vital to remember you Tourette’s syndrome is a medical condition that doesn’t affect intelligence or life expectancy.

Here are a few hand-picked guides for you to read next:

If you see any symptoms related to Tourette’s syndrome in your child, let us know in the comment box. So we can help you

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