Causes of cirrhosis
The common causes of cirrhosis are long-term viral hepatitis C infection and chronic alcohol abuse.
- Hepatitis B and C infection
- Toxic metals
- Autoimmune hepatitis
- Bad reactions to certain medications
- Digestive disorder
- Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
- Blockage of the bile ducts
I have already covered Is Hepatitis A Virus Or Bacteria? | All About Hepatitis Viruses in depth:
Symptoms of cirrhosis
- Itchy skin
- Blood capillaries become visible on the skin on the upper abdomen.
Final stages of cirrhosis of the liver?
Cirrhosis itself is a sign that liver damage has entered a late stage. At the end of cirrhosis, it becomes difficult for the injured tissue to heal.
At this stage, there are some symptoms in the liver along with the symptoms.
Your portal blood pressure worsens at this stage of cirrhosis.
- I also wrote a article on Liver Cancer Prognosis | Is Liver Cancer Curable? also you can read.
Alcoholic liver disease
Sign and Symptoms
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Spider-like blood vessels (spider angiomas) that develop on the skin
- Loss of appetite
Investigations- Alcoholic cirrhosis
- Prolonged Prothrombin Time
- Decreased serum albumin, increased serum globulin.
- Leucopenia and thrombocytopenia during hypersplenism.
- Glucose intolerance (insulin resistance)
- Elevated ammonia level in hepatic encephalopathy
- Hypomagnesemia, hypophosphatemia, hyponatremia, hypokalaemia, respiratory alkalosis
- Ultrasonography – liver size, echotexture.
- Liver biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.
- Basis of signs and symptoms
- Laboratory tests
- The medical history
- Physical examination
- Computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan,
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),
- Liver biopsy
Treatment – Alcoholic cirrhosis
Post necrotic cirrhosis
- Prolonged severe right-sided stuffed heart failure leads to dilation and engorgement of hepatic sinusoids.
- Nutmeg liver macroscopically.
- Liver extends, firm, non-tender, and non-pulsatile despite TR. Signs of right heart failure.
- Mild elevation of serum bilirubin and serum AST levels.
- Treatment of underlying cardiac disorder.
Complications of cirrhosis
How cirrhosis is diagnosed
There are few symptoms of cirrhosis; the diagnosis is made when the patient is being tested for some disease.
Discuss with your family doctor if you have any of the following symptoms
A doctor will examine the patient, and the patient will be asked about their medical history and lifestyle, including drinking.
The doctor will also ask you to do something which is below,
- Blood test
- Imaging tests
The treatment of liver cirrhosis depends on its cause and whether there are any complications or not.
As liver cirrhosis progresses, the patient may require additional treatment and hospitalization to manage complications. Its treatment may include.
- Treatment for alcohol dependency
- Screening for liver cancer
- Antibiotics for infection
When all treatments have failed, liver transplantation is the only option.
Patients with cirrhosis should not take alcohol over-the-counter medicines without consulting their doctor.
The survival rate of a person with liver cirrhosis is dependent on the severity of the disease.
Cirrhosis is a severe condition that reduces life expectancy and affects the quality of life.
It is good to keep a person with cirrhosis away from alcohol.
To learn more, you can read: Portal Hypertension: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
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