Foodborne disorder, also commonly referred to as food poisoning, results from eating infected, spoiled, and toxic food. The common symptoms of food poisoning include nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
Although it’s quite difficult, food poisoning isn’t unusual. A report by the CDC, 1 in 5 Americans will contract some form of food poisoning every year.
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Symptoms of food poisoning
If you have food poisoning, The time it takes for symptoms to appear also depends on the source of the poisoning, but it can range from 1 hour to as long as 28 days. Food poisoning will typically include at least of the following symptoms:
Symptoms of potentially life-threatening food poisoning include:
- Fever: It is higher than 101.5°F
- diarrhea continuing for more than three days
- trouble seeing or speaking
- symptoms of difficult dehydration, which may include dry mouth, passing little to no urine, or difficulty keeping fluids down
- bloody urine
If you feel and trouble any symptoms, you should talk to your doctor quickly.
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- Mild fever
- abdominal cramps
- loss of appetite
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Causes of food poisoning?
Most food poisoning following three major causes:
Bacteria are the common cause of food poisoning. Salmonella is by far the largest culprit in serious cases of food poisoning in the USA. According to the CDC, there are approximately 1,000,000 cases of food poisoning annually, including the annual Salmonella infection Campylobacter and C. Botulinum (botulinum) are two lesser-known and potentially deadly bacteria that can hide in your food.
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Food poisoning induced by parasites is not as well-known as bacteria, but parasites spread by food are still very dangerous. Toxoplasma is a parasite that is most commonly found in cases of food poisoning. It is commonly found in cat litter. Parasites live in your digestive system for years. People weakened immune systems, and pregnant women are at risk of serious side effects if the parasites live in their intestines.
A virus can cause food poisoning. For example, the norovirus, also called the Norwalk virus, causes over 19 million cases of food poisoning each year. In rare cases, it can be fatal. sapovirus, astrovirus, and rotavirus bring on similar symptoms, but they’re less common. Hepatitis A virus is a severe condition that can spread through food.
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How does food become contaminated?
Pathogens can be found in almost all foods that humans eat. However, the heat of cooking usually kills the pathogens on the food before it reaches our plate. Therefore, raw foods are a common source of food poisoning because they do not go through the cooking process.
Occasionally, food comes in contact with organisms in the feces. This usually occurs when the cook does not wash his hands before cooking.
Eggs, meat, and dairy products are usually contaminated. Water can also be contaminated with organisms that cause infection.
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Who is at risk of food poisoning?
Anyone can come down with food poisoning. Statistically, almost everyone will come down from food poisoning at least once in their life.
Some populations are high risk than others. For example, a person with a suppressed immune system or autoimmune disease may have a higher risk of infection due to food poisoning.
According to the Experts, pregnant women are at greater risk because their bodies are experiencing changes in their metabolism and circulatory system during pregnancy.
Older individuals also face an increased risk of food poisoning because their immune systems cannot respond quickly to infectious organisms. Children are also considered a vulnerable population because their immune systems are not as good as adults.
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How is food poisoning diagnosed?
Your doctor diagnoses food poisoning based on your symptoms. In severe cases, blood tests, stool tests may be conducted to determine what is responsible for food poisoning. Your doctor may also a urine test to assess whether the person is dehydrated due to food poisoning.
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How is food poisoning treated?
Can treat food poisoning at home, and some cases will resolve in three to six days.
If you have food poisoning, stay hydrated. Sports drinks that are high in electrolytes can be helpful. For example, fruit juice and coconut water can restore carbohydrates and relieve fatigue.
Avoid caffeine, which can irritate the digestive system. Decaffeinated tea with herbs like flavored peppermint oil and pleasant herbs like dandelion can soothe an upset stomach.
Over-the-counter medications such as Imodium and Pepto-Bismol can help control diarrhea and nausea. However, it would help if you talked to your doctor before using these drugs. Also, using these drugs can mask the severity of the illness and delay you from getting specialist treatment.
There should be plenty of rest for people with food poisoning.
In critical cases of food poisoning, individuals may need hydration with intravenous fluids in the hospital. In addition, in severe cases of food poisoning, a longer hospitalization is required when the person recovers.
What to eat when you have food poisoning?
It’s best to hold off on solid foods to vomiting and diarrhea regularly have passed and instead join back to your daily diet by consuming simple-to-digest foods that are bland and low in fat,
- Chicken broth
- Bland potatoes
- Boiled vegetables
- Soda without caffeine
- Diluted fruit juices
- Sport drinks
- Saltine crackers
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What bad to eat when you have food poisoning?
To prevent your stomach from getting upset, try to avoid the harder-to-digest foods, even if you think your experience better:
- Dairy products
- Fatty foods
- Highly seasoned foods
- Food with high sugar content
- Spicy and fried foods
You should also avoid:
How can food poisoning be prevented?
The best way to prevent and stop food poisoning is to manage your food safely and to avoid any food that may be risky.
Meat, poultry, eggs may consider infectious factors that are killed during cooking. Food poisoning can occur if these foods are eaten raw, not cooked properly, or if hands and surfaces are not cleaned after contact.
Other foods to cause food poisoning include:
- Daily meats and hot dogs that are not cooked heated animals
- Unpasteurized milk, cheese, or juice
- Unwashed fruits and vegetables
Wash your hands before cooking and eating. Cook the meat and eggs well. Anything that comes in touch with raw products should be sanitized before being used on other foods. Always wash vegetables and fruits before serving.
There is a lot of discomfort from having food poisoning; the good news is that most people get well within 48 hours.
Food poisoning can be life-threatening. However, the Centers for Disease Control says this is very rare.
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