Generalized Anxiety Disorder ICD 10 | What Is Anxiety Disorder?

Generalized Anxiety Disorder ICD 10 Code is F41. 1 and ICD-9 code is 300.20.

What is anxiety disorder?

Nowadays, tension, worry, and stress become a part of our lives, but when it increases an excessive manner, there is a chance of Anxiety Disorder.

In anxiety disorder, there is an exaggerated feeling of fear or worry about a routine.

Anxiety is the continuous and excessive worry about any situation or any object. Anxiety becomes a normal part of life, and it is also affecting today’s normal functioning of life. Symptoms like tremors, sweating, and palpitation are common for anxiety.

Is anxiety a mental disorder?

Yes, there is a connection between mental stress and anxiety. Anxiety is a vague, diffuse apprehension that is associated with feelings of uncertainty and helplessness. and this is a one type of mental disorder.

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Table of Contents

Causes of anxiety disorder

The exact cause of anxiety disorders by some researchers is the presence of a chemical imbalance in the brain known as neurotransmitter chemicals.

  • Stressful events
  • The death of a loved one
  • Divorce
  • Changing jobs or schools 
  • Withdrawal from addictive substances like alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine 
  • Genetics factor
  • Brain chemistry

Sign and symptoms of anxiety disorder

Some Symptoms are connected:

  • Excessive, ongoing worry and tension
  • An unrealistic view of problems
  • Restlessness or a feeling of being “edgy.”
  • Irritability
  • Muscle tension
  • Headaches
  • Sweating
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Nausea
  • Go to the bathroom frequently.
  • Tiredness
  • Trouble falling or staying asleep.
  • Trembling

Types of anxiety disorder

There are six types of Anxiety Disorder

1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

GAD in which the anxiety is unvarying and persistent (anxiety is intermittent and occur the only cause of a particular stimulus.)

People with this anxiety disorder worrying excessively for at least six months.

It is the most common neurotic disorder more frequently seen in women. The prevalence rate is 2.5 to 8%

  • Dry mouth
  • Trembling, twitching
  • Gastric discomfort
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Nausea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Sweating, hot flashes Change in appetite
  • Sleep disturbances
  • A person is unaware of self
  • A person ignorant of the environment
  • Muscle tension
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability

2. Panic Anxiety Disorder

Panic disorder is the sudden occurrence of panic attacks, along with fear.

Symptoms of panic disorder include

  • A sudden, uncontrollable attack of terror
  • Palpitations
  • Giddiness
  • Breath shortness
  • A feeling of an uncontrolled situation

3. Phobia

Phobias are the irrational fear of any specific object, situation, or activity

Types of phobia

  1. Agora Phobia
  2. Social Phobia
  3. Specific Phobia
Agora phobia: 

In Agora Phobia, there are main three fears

  1. Fear of being alone
  2. Fear of leaving home
  3. Fear of being away from home

The patient may not be able to leave home at all.

Social phobia:

It is a fear of performing any activities in front of the public or interacting with other people.

The patient is afraid of his action being viewed by others critically, resulting in embarrassment or humiliation.

Sign and symptoms of social phobia

  • Hyperventilation
  • Sweating, cold, and clammy hands
  • Blushing
  • Palpitation
  • Confusion
  • Gastrointestinal Symptoms
  • Trembling hands and voice
  • Urinary urgency
  • Muscle tension
  • Anticipatory anxiety
Specific phobia:

It is an irrational fear of a specific object or stimulus. Simple phobias are common in childhood.

Sign and symptoms of specific phobia

  • Loss of control, fainting, or panic response.
  • Avoidance of activities involving feared stimulus.
  • Anxiety when thinking about a stimulus.
  • Worry with anticipatory anxiety.
  • Possible impaired social or work functioning.

Also Read: What Is Individual Psychotherapy And How It Works?

4. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessions mean thought and compulsion mean action or behavior. If a person does not react to obsession accordingly, this thought continuously plays in his mind, causing anxiety. To reduce this anxiety, the Person does things repeatedly according to obsession.

5. Separation anxiety disorder

Anxiety was due to concerning separation from those whom the individual is attached.

Read next: Do I Have Obsessive Compulsive Disorder? | All About OCPD

6. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Exposure to a severe accident, criminal assault, or a natural disaster can result in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Symptoms of PTSD are

  • Loss of interest in surroundings
  • Inability to sleep
  • Anxious feelings
  • Overactive startle response
  • Irritability and outbursts of anger

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Preventive measure of anxiety disorder

To reduce or avoid the stimulants: Avoid caffeine products, minimize the use of asthma medications that affect the respiratory system, and avoid the use of nasal decongestant.

Decrease alcohol abuse: While alcohol can help relax, it increases anxiety levels after a long time.

Minimize stressors: Identify and remove stressful tasks or situations at home, school work, yoga, meditation, music therapy, diversion therapy.

To get physical: Helps fight with stress and anxiety management and increases the body’s production of ‘feeling good’ hormones while reducing stress hormones such as adrenalin.

Maintain sleep habits: Getting adequate, restful sleep improves response to interventions to treat anxiety disorders.

To get started treatment, you’ll need to know:

Conclusion

We can treat Anxiety disorders with medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of both. Some people have a mild anxiety disorder or a fear of something that they can easily avoid and decide to live with the situation and not try the treatment.

It is essential to understand that anxiety disorders can be treated, even in severe cases. However, usually, the discomfort does not go away; you can manage it and live a happy life.

Here are a few hand-picked guides for you to read next:

If you see any symptoms related to anxiety disorder, let us know in the comment box. So we can help you

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