Generalized Anxiety Disorder ICD 10 Code is F41. 1 and ICD-9 code is 300.20.
What is anxiety disorder?
Nowadays, tension, worry, and stress become a part of our lives, but when it increases an excessive manner, there is a chance of Anxiety Disorder.
In anxiety disorder, there is an exaggerated feeling of fear or worry about a routine.
Anxiety is the continuous and excessive worry about any situation or any object. Anxiety becomes a normal part of life, and it is also affecting today’s normal functioning of life. Symptoms like tremors, sweating, and palpitation are common for anxiety.
Is anxiety a mental disorder?
Yes, there is a connection between mental stress and anxiety. Anxiety is a vague, diffuse apprehension that is associated with feelings of uncertainty and helplessness. and this is a one type of mental disorder.
Table of Contents
Causes of anxiety disorder
The exact cause of anxiety disorders by some researchers is the presence of a chemical imbalance in the brain known as neurotransmitter chemicals.
- Stressful events
- The death of a loved one
- Changing jobs or schools
- Withdrawal from addictive substances like alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine
- Genetics factor
- Brain chemistry
Sign and symptoms of anxiety disorder
Types of anxiety disorder
There are six types of Anxiety Disorder
1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
GAD in which the anxiety is unvarying and persistent (anxiety is intermittent and occur the only cause of a particular stimulus.)
People with this anxiety disorder worrying excessively for at least six months.
It is the most common neurotic disorder more frequently seen in women. The prevalence rate is 2.5 to 8%
- Dry mouth
- Trembling, twitching
- Gastric discomfort
- Difficulty concentrating
- Difficulty breathing
- Sweating, hot flashes Change in appetite
- Sleep disturbances
- A person is unaware of self
- A person ignorant of the environment
- Muscle tension
2. Panic Anxiety Disorder
Panic disorder is the sudden occurrence of panic attacks, along with fear.
Symptoms of panic disorder include
- A sudden, uncontrollable attack of terror
- Breath shortness
- A feeling of an uncontrolled situation
Phobias are the irrational fear of any specific object, situation, or activity
Types of phobia
- Agora Phobia
- Social Phobia
- Specific Phobia
In Agora Phobia, there are main three fears
- Fear of being alone
- Fear of leaving home
- Fear of being away from home
The patient may not be able to leave home at all.
It is a fear of performing any activities in front of the public or interacting with other people.
The patient is afraid of his action being viewed by others critically, resulting in embarrassment or humiliation.
Sign and symptoms of social phobia
- Sweating, cold, and clammy hands
- Gastrointestinal Symptoms
- Trembling hands and voice
- Urinary urgency
- Muscle tension
- Anticipatory anxiety
It is an irrational fear of a specific object or stimulus. Simple phobias are common in childhood.
Sign and symptoms of specific phobia
- Loss of control, fainting, or panic response.
- Avoidance of activities involving feared stimulus.
- Anxiety when thinking about a stimulus.
- Worry with anticipatory anxiety.
- Possible impaired social or work functioning.
4. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Obsessions mean thought and compulsion mean action or behavior. If a person does not react to obsession accordingly, this thought continuously plays in his mind, causing anxiety. To reduce this anxiety, the Person does things repeatedly according to obsession.
5. Separation anxiety disorder
Anxiety was due to concerning separation from those whom the individual is attached.
6. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Exposure to a severe accident, criminal assault, or a natural disaster can result in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Symptoms of PTSD are
- Loss of interest in surroundings
- Inability to sleep
- Anxious feelings
- Overactive startle response
- Irritability and outbursts of anger
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Preventive measure of anxiety disorder
To reduce or avoid the stimulants: Avoid caffeine products, minimize the use of asthma medications that affect the respiratory system, and avoid the use of nasal decongestant.
Decrease alcohol abuse: While alcohol can help relax, it increases anxiety levels after a long time.
Minimize stressors: Identify and remove stressful tasks or situations at home, school work, yoga, meditation, music therapy, diversion therapy.
To get physical: Helps fight with stress and anxiety management and increases the body’s production of ‘feeling good’ hormones while reducing stress hormones such as adrenalin.
Maintain sleep habits: Getting adequate, restful sleep improves response to interventions to treat anxiety disorders.
Frequently Asked Question
What is the best treatment for generalized anxiety disorder?
CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) is the most effective treatment for GAD. Studies have found that the benefits of CBT can last longer than those of drugs. But no single treatment works for everyone.
Is anxiety a mental illness?
Anxiety disorders are the most common of the mental disorders and affect about 30% of adults at some point in their lives. But panic disorder is treatable. There are many effective treatments available for it. Treatment helps most people live a normal life.
What is the difference between anxiety and GAD?
When people experience normal anxiety, they tend to worry about things related to the anxiety-provoking situation or several other things that make them fearful. People with GAD tend to be described as “worrying about everything all the time.” If that describes you, it may be more than normal anxiety.
How is anxiety diagnosed?
The doctor performs a physical exam to diagnose anxiety disorder, and asks about your symptoms. The doctor may recommend blood tests to help determine if another condition, such as hypothyroidism, may be causing your symptoms.
To get started treatment, you’ll need to know:
We can treat Anxiety disorders with medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of both. Some people have a mild anxiety disorder or a fear of something that they can easily avoid and decide to live with the situation and not try the treatment.
It is essential to understand that anxiety disorders can be treated, even in severe cases. However, usually, the discomfort does not go away; you can manage it and live a happy life.
Here are a few hand-picked guides for you to read next:
- Is Adjustment Disorder With Anxiety A Mental Illness?
- Do I Have Bipolar Disorder? | Treatment For Bipolar Disorder
- What Is Mood Disorder?: Types, Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment
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