Sometimes there is a sudden burning sensation in your chest, trouble breathing, and no idea what is going on in your brain. You feel all the trouble associated with the heart. But apart from heart disease, you may also have problems with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
This is a kind of digestive disease. In this, the bile (a liquid that helps in digesting food) starts coming towards or acid flows back into the food pipe that is the esophagus. Because of this, you can get very upset.
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It may be physiologic, below the age of one year, due to inadequate development of lower esophageal pressure regulation. After one year.
It may be pathological and usually associated with inappropriate transient relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter.
It may occur along with swallowing and pharyngeal contraction.
The cause of GER is mostly undetermined. Causes neuromuscular development, increased abdominal pressure, neurological defects, and obesity.
The associated conditions which can cause GERD are supine position, coughing, and wheezing in case of cystic fibrosis, asthma, indwelling orogastric or Nasogastric tube medications like theophylline and mechanical ventilation.
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Stomach acid or bile into the esophagus backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus stomach acids the esophagus irritates the esophagus’ linin. It may cause inflammation of the esophagus.
Esophageal bleeding due to disturbance in the lining of the esophagus.
What does GERD feel like?
The most common symptoms are:
Infants and child can experience similar symptoms of GERD, as well as:
- Hoarse throat.
- Bad breath.
- Difficulty sleeping after eating, especially in infants.
- Frequent small vomiting episodes.
- Other respiratory difficulties.
How to cure GERD permanently?
Home remedies and lifestyle changes help reduce the frequency of acid reflux. Try to:
Maintain a healthy weight
Excess of pounds put pressure on the abdomen, pushing up your stomach and causing acid to reflux into your esophagus.
Smoking decreases your lower esophageal sphincter ability to function correctly.
Don’t lie down after a meal.
After eating, you have to wait at least three hours before lying down or going to bed.
Avoid foods and drinks which trigger reflux.
Some triggers include fatty or fried foods, alcohol, chocolate, mint, garlic, onion, tomato sauce, and caffeine.
Avoid tight and fitting clothing
Avoid tight and fitting clothes around your waist put pressure on your abdomen and the lower esophageal sphincter.
Elevate the head of the bed
If you daily experience heartburn while trying to sleep, then place wood or cement blocks under the feet of your bed so that your head end is raised by 6 to 9 inches.
Apart from these topics, I recommend you to read Apple Cider Vinegar For GERD: Does It Work ? this post will help you.
- Delayed stomach emptying.
- Connective tissue disorders, such as scleroderma.
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease.
- hiatal hernia.
- Dry mouth.
- GER is a malfunction of the distal end of the esophagus, causing the automatic withdrawal of the stomach contents into the esophagus.
Only medical supervision is needed for a short time al thought it might have to be recurrent since some symptoms may reoccur.
The medication is Antacids
Are over the counter medicines that grade commonly used to treat mild acid-related symptoms, like heartburn or indigestion, and work by neutralizing acid in the stomach, however, they are not usually commended for treating the frequent heartburn suffered by people with GERD.
Proton pump inhibitors
Are the treatment of choice for severe symptoms and complicated reflux disease. PPI cut the production of acid in the stomach. Omeprazole, pantoprazole.
Such as H2 receptor antagonists, histamine is a chemical released in the body under different conditions, particularly during inflammation. The stomach can release more acid, so blocking it reduces acid production. Four other H2 antagonists are available by prescription, including ranitidine (Zantac) rental, famotidine (Pepcid).
Drugs work by stimulating the gastrointestinal tract muscles, including the stomach, esophagus, small intestine, and colon. One pro-motility drug, metoclopramide, is permission for GERD. Pro-motility drugs raise the pressure in the lower esophageal sphincter and strengthen the contractions of the esophagus
Laparoscopic procedures to tighten lower esophageal sphincter
Open surgical procedure
- This surgery involves pulling the lower esophageal sphincter to prevent reflux by wrapping the stomach.
- Surgery can be open or laparoscopic In laparoscopic, the surgeon makes three or four a small incision in the abdomen and insert instruments including a flexible tube with tiny camera through the incisions.
- Esophageal strictures, which can progress to.
- Barrett’s Esophagus: changes in cells lining the esophagus.
- with increased risk for esophageal cancer.
- Narrowing of the Esophagus (esophageal stricture).
- Precancerous changes to the esophagus (Barrett’s Esophagus).
A few other articles that you might be interested in:
- All About Gastritis
- Bowel Obstruction Diet
- Gastro Intestinal Bleeding: Symptoms, Causes, Test and Treatment
Which medications or tips do you use from above list to treat yourself? Let me know in the comments below.
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