Meningitisis Inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, known as collective lyas the meninges.
The inflammation may be caused by infection with viruses, bacteria, or other microorganisms and less commonly by certain drugs.
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Table of Contents
How do you get bacterial meningitis?
Bacteria enter to bloodstream and travel to the brain and spinal cord that cause acute bacterial meningitis.
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The most common bacteria causing meningitis are Streptococcus pneumonia. Neisseria meningitis Hemophilus influenza.
Causes and types of bacterial meningitis
- Viral infection that can lead to meningitis includes mumps, herpes virus, measles, and influenza.
- It is rare but can be life-threatening. Although anyone can get it. People at higher risk are those with HIV, leukemia, and other immunosuppression.
- The fungus that causes oral thrush that is candida can also lead to fungal meningitis
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Non Infectious meningitis
- Non Infectious meningitis does not spread from person to person and can be caused by cancers, SLE, head injury, and brain surgery.
- Due to Etiological factors.
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Symptoms of bacterial meningitis
- Severe headache
- Nausea and vomiting
- Neck rigidity
- Positive Kerning’ssign
- Positive Brudzinski’ssign
- A decreased level of consciousness
- Signs of increased ICP
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Blood tests determine the appearance of infectious meningitis pathogens in the blood.
Stool and urine samples are combined to detect the presence of pathogens. For example, stool tests are effective in identifying parasitic meningitis.
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A calculated tomography scan or CT scan uses multiple X-rays of the head to detect inflammation. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging or MRI can be used to determine the extent of infection in meninges accurately.
The lumbar spine also called the spinal cord, examines a small sample of cerebrospinal fluid drawn from the lower part of the spine.
The fluid is sent for lab analysis to check for inconsistencies.
The lumbar tap is invasive and can be selected when other tests do not give a definitive diagnosis.
For example, it is helpful in cases where sepsis is suspected. Spinal taps also help identify the pathogen responsible for meningitis.
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Treatement of bacterial meningitis
The type of meningitis defines treatment. Most types of viral meningitis have no cure, and the infection usually heals in ten days.
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Bacterial meningitis is treated with a mixture of several antibiotics, including those administered intravenously. The doctor prescribes a course of treatment, and the toddler should attend all IV therapy sessions. Oral antibiotics are prescribed at home.
High concentrations of antifungal and antiparasitic drugs should treat fungal and parasitic meningitis, respectively. These drugs are helpful indirect blood flow through the veins.
Antiviral drugs are needed in cases of viral meningitis caused by herpes and flu viruses because they cannot be defeated by the immune method alone.
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Corticosteroids are indicated to reduce inflammation of the meninges. Anti-epileptic drugs are given when a child learns to walk and has seizures and meningitis.
Antihistamine treatment is helpful in non-infectious meningitis caused by autoimmune conditions such as allergies.
Should consult a doctor for any residual effects of meningitis.
Very few people with meningitis end up with a stable illness. Most cases occur within one to two weeks after the onset of symptoms.
In some cases, aseptic meningitis can lead to a brain infection. Difficulties are likely to occur if you do not seek treatment for your condition.
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