How Do You Get Cervical Cancer? | Is Cervical Cancer Curable?

Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor from cells of the “cervix of the uteri,” which is the lower part of the “neck,” the female reproductive organ. 

How Do You Get Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer comes second in the cancer of women. It can be prevented, but it can be caught very quickly, and if caught on time, it is also possible to treat it completely. Early symptoms are vaginal discharge, irregular menstruation, bleeding during sexual intercourse, high waist or leg pain, or obstruction in urination.

But the good news is that vaccine is available to protect it, which should be given to women from the age of 9 to 45 years. It can be caught even before the first stage by a regular pump smear. In the first stage, it can be treated by operation or radiotherapy.

Apart from these plugins, I recommend you to read this post that will help you: Cervical Polyp Bleeding

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Table of Contents

Risk factors and causes

HPV infection: it is the leading cause of cervical cancer. HPV viruses that can infect the cervix it is transmitted by sexual contact.

Lack of regular pap test: pap test is to find out the abnormal cells.

Smoking: among women infected with HPV, smoking cigarettes slightly further increases the risk of cervical cancer. 

Weakened immune system: infection with HIV or taking drugs that suppress the immune system increases the risk of cervical cancer.

Sexual history: women who have had many sexual partners have a higher risk of developing an HPV infection.

Usage of hormonal birth control pills for a long time: using oral contraceptives for a long time may slightly increase the risk of cervical cancer. 

Stages of cervical cancer

Stage 0

  • Cancer cells confined to the lining of the cervix.

Stage I

  •  Cancer cells are limited to the cervix.

Stage II

  • Cancer has not spread to the pelvis’s walls or lower vagina but has grown beyond the cervix.

Stage III

  •  Cancer spread to the lower vagina.

Stage IV

  • Cancer has spread to other areas or organs of the body. 

Symptoms of cervical cancer

Symptoms of cervical cancer, such as:

  •  Abnormal bleeding, such as after sex, in periods, after menopause, or after the pelvic examination.
  • Pelvic and low back pain.
  • Painful sexual intercourse.
  • Painful urination.
  • Edema of lower extremities.
  • Weight loss.
  • Anemia.
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge

Its spread can cause cancer:

    • Trouble picking
    • Swelling in the legs
    • Kidney failure
    • Bone pain
    • Feeling tired 

Diagnosis

  • Pelvic examination.
  • Pap smear.
  • Colposcopy.
  • Biopsy.
  • Blood test.

Prevention

Avoid sexual contact with multiple individuals without condoms.

Have a pap test done every three years.

Quit smoking because nicotine and other components in cigarettes.

Eat a healthy diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, but stay away from obesity.

Most important, get it vaccinated. Earlier, HPV vaccination had three doses, but now it has only one dose. The sooner you take this vaccination on the advice of a doctor, the lower your risk of cervical cancer will be.

Is cervical cancer curable?

If cervical cancer is identified early, it is curable. There are four main treatments for cervical cancer – surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy. Sometimes two or more of these treatments are done together to make them more effective.

Surgery

Can do surgery to remove cancer.The type of surgery depends on wherever the cervical cancer is, how far it has spread, and whether you want to conceive after surgery.

Radiation therapy

In this process, high-dose X-rays or implants (high-dose X-Rays or implants) are used in the vaginal cavity to destroy the cancer cells.

It is used in any stage of cancer. This technique is often used in conjunction with other treatment techniques. 

Chemoremediation

It is a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. Chemotherapy involves using drugs to destroy cancer cells. It is used in the treatment of advanced-stage cancer.

Conclusion

There are many different risk factors for the development of cervical cancer. The most important of which is HPV infection. However, other and lifestyle habits can also increase your risk.

There are many things you can do to reduce your risk of getting cervical cancer. like,

  • Vaccination
  • regular cervical cancer screening
  • Using a condom or other barrier method

If you have cervical cancer, you should not worry; discuss it with your doctor. This way, you will be able to develop a treatment plan that is best for you. Your doctor will help you treat it.

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