About (2 to 10 %) of pregnant get gestational diabetes. The ideal range of glucose for pregnant should be – 70 to 100 mg/dL before meals. – Less than 120 mg/dL two hours after eating.
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How do you get gestational diabetes?
Diabetes in pregnancy symptoms
For women, it rare for gestational diabetes to cause symptoms. If you do any symptoms like that,
- Kidney problem and Eye
- Complicated labor and cesarean delivery due to a large baby.
- Having a miscarriage (The end of a pregnancy before the 24th week).
- Large baby over 4 kg (macrosomia)
- Low blood sugar
- Newborn with health problems shortly after birth like heart and breathing problem.
Gestational diabetes risk factors
Some women have a higher risk of gestational diabetes. Risk factor includes the following:
- Overweight mother before got pregnancy
- Family history of diabetes
- An absence of physical activity.
- Had a miscarriage
- When expecting multiple babies
- Previously given birth to a baby weight more than 9 pounds.
- High Blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Heart disease or other medical complication
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Diagnosis and tests
Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT)
The glucose screening test typical result is blood sugar that is ≤140mg/dL, 1 hour after drinking the glucose solution. If the product is not specific; we do Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT):
- Do the test first before the pregnant eat or take anything.
- Give a pregnant a liquid that contains (100 grams) of glucose.
- Test the blood after 1 hour, then 2 hours, then 3 hours.
- If more than one of the blood glucose results is higher than usual, pregnant have gestational diabetes.
How is gestational diabetes treated?
While you have gestational diabetes, your treatment plan will depend on your blood sugar levels throughout the day.
- Your doctor will guide you through testing your blood sugar before and after your meals in many situations. And check your urine for ketones, chemicals that mean your diabetes isn’t under control.
- Your doctor also advises you to insulin injections until you give birth.
- It can manage by eating healthy food and exercising regularly.
Must read: Care and Treatment Of Women During Pregnancy
Exercise and diet for gestational diabetes
Eat carbohydrate-rich foods will help prevent blood sugar spikes, like whole grains, brown rice, beans, starchy vegetables, and low sugar fruits.
Average activity of at least 30 minutes per day on weekdays Like running, walking, swimming, and biking are excellent options.
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