How Do You Get Toxic Shock Syndrome | Does Tampon Cause Toxic Shock Syndrome?

(Last Updated On: December 19, 2021)

It is an uncommon condition caused by the bacterial toxin from Staphylococcus aureus or sometimes by group A streptococcus pyogenes in the bloodstream; it can be life-threatening.

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how rare is toxic shock syndrome
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Table of Contents

How do you get toxic shock syndrome

  • Uncertain cause
  • Associated with menstruation and super-absorbent tampon use 
  • Condition such as cellulitis, surgical wound infections, subcutaneous abscesses, vaginal infection after childbirth, and contraceptive

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Signs and symptoms toxic shock syndrome

  • Fever (greater than 102 degrees) and diffuse rash
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Hypotension and rapid progression of shock within 72hours
  • Mucus membrane hyperemia
  • Vomiting and profuse watery diarrhea
  • Rapid progression to multisystem involvement

To learn more, must read: Guillain Barre Syndrome: Flu Vaccine Side Effects And All About It

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Diagnostic evaluation toxic shock syndrome

Doctor may refer following tests for toxic shock syndrome

  • History collection and physical examination
  • Lab investigations: Blood, urine, throat, vagina, or cervical cultures
  • CT scan and chest X-ray

Does tampon cause toxic shock syndrome?

Tampons can raise the risk of toxic shock syndrome in two ways. Including Tampons left in the vagina for a long time may encourage the bacteria to grow. Tampons can stick to the vaginal walls when blood flow is light, causing tiny abrasions when they are removed.

You must read this article: Burning Sensation In Vagina?

Management

  • Fluid-electrolyte replacement
  • Inotropes and vasopressor medications(Dopamine)  
  • Intra venous antibiotics
  • Mechanical ventilation and Surgery

Conclusion

Toxic shock syndrome is a very rare infection. 50% of cases have been linked with the use of a menstrual device like tampons. However, tampons use is not the only way to catch the disease. The bacteria on our skin can cause the disease. This syndrome can be harmful if not diagnosed early and proper treated.

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