How Fast Can You Die From Lymphoma? | All About Lymphoma

All About Lymphoma

Lymphoma is the growth of the cancerous cells in the immune system cells called lymphocytes. In that, one or more abnormal cells are found in the lymph nodes.

This cell produces abnormal cells and that travel from one lymph node to another lymph node.

Lymphoma occurs when lymphocyte B or T cells transform and benign growing and multiplying uncontrollably.

what is lymphoma cancer
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Table of Contents

Types of lymphoma

Types of Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Nodular sclerosis Hodgkin’s disease

This disease typically arises in the lymph nodes of the chest and other sites above the diaphragm, the large abdominal muscles that control breathing. Tumors growth may occur in the mediastinum, and it may spread to the lung tissues.  

Mixed cellularity Hodgkin’s disease

 It accounts for 15 to 20 % of cases. It is affecting the lymph nodes of the abdomen and spleen more so than areas above the diaphragm.

Lymphocyte depletion Hodgkin’s disease

The least common form of Hodgkin’s, accounts for less than 1%. This disease usually appears in the abdomen and pelvis’s lymph of the neck and underarms nodes.  

Lymphocytes fatty classic Hodgkin’s disease

The provisional subtypes are also known as lymphocyte rich classic Hodgkin’s disease. If patients get proper treatment, then relapse is a sporadic case. 

Types of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Lymphoblastic non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Is seen in 30% of cases, involve the T cells, and usually present with a mass in the chest.

Burkitt’s or non-Burkitt’s lymphoma

in which the cells are diffuse. The tumor has been showing in the bone marrow, abdomen, and brain. 

Large cell or diffuse histolytic non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Involves the B cells, and T cells account for about 25 % of the cases. Children with this type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma typically own a lymphatic system that applies and nonlymphoid structure.

B cells chronic lymphocytic leukemia and small lymphocytic lymphoma

CLL is in the bone marrow, and SLL is found primarily in lymph nodes.

Follicular lymphomas

Follicular lymphomas make up about 14 % of all lymphomas. It is a very slow-growing lymphoma.

 

Causes of lymphoma

There is no definite cause of lymphoma to date. But some factors increase the risk.

  • Exposure to benzene or chemicals that kill insects and weeds.
  • Had treatment for Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the past
  • Have been treated for cancer with radiation.

Risk factors

There are some risk factors for lymphoma:

  • Epstein- Barr virus
  •  H. pylori infection,
  •  Human T cell leukemia
  •  A compromised immune system HIV/AIDS
  •  Clinical manifestation
  •  Fever
  •  Excessive sweating or night sweats
  •  Weight loss, loss of appetite
  •  Fatigue and weakness
  •  Severe itchiness
  •  Coughing, shortness of breath
  •  Constant tiredness
  •  Red patches
  •  Enlarged spleen

 

Signs and symptoms

People with lymphoma may notice some lumps in the skin in addition to swelling in the lymph nodes. However, due to having lymph nodes in other parts of the body, one can see symptoms.

  • Like – in the upper part of the chest.
  • Between belly and thigh, Near the neck.

Some other symptoms include –

  • Breathlessness.
  • Fever
  • Bone pain.
  • Loss of weight.
  • Feeling tired.
  • Stomach ache problem.
  • Rashes
  • Coughing
  • Itching

Diagnoses of lymphoma

To diagnose lymphoma, your doctor will first do a physical exam and examine the location of your lymph nodes. Apart from this, there are some other tests which are given below.

    • Physical examination
    • Blood and urine test
    • Biopsy
    • Bone marrow tests
    • X- rays
    • CT / MRI
    • gallium scan

Treatment lymphoma

Chemotherapy 

In this treatment, drugs are used to destroy cancer cells. (Read more – Why chemotherapy is done)

Radiation therapy 

In which high-energy X-rays kill cancer cells.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy involves using artificial immune proteins to deal with the body’s immune system or cancer cells.

Bone marrow transplant/stem cell transplant

It uses bone marrow or stem cells from the donor, close relatives to replace the bone marrow affected by cancer cells.

How fast can you die from lymphoma?

Most people often die from infections, bleeding, or organ failure resulting from metastases with NHL. A sudden bleeding or severe infection can quickly lead to death, even if someone doesn’t appear very ill.

I also wrote a article on What Is Colorectal Cancer?: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Conclusion

More than 70% of people diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma will live for at least five years with lymphoma treatment.

 

It is most important to seek medical attention for symptoms of cold or infection that continue for an extended period. Better diagnosis can improve a person’s chances of successful treatment.

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