All About Lymphoma
This cell produces abnormal cells and that travel from one lymph node to another lymph node.
Lymphoma occurs when lymphocyte B or T cells transform and benign growing and multiplying uncontrollably.
Table of Contents
Types of lymphoma
Types of Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Nodular sclerosis Hodgkin’s disease
This disease typically arises in the lymph nodes of the chest and other sites above the diaphragm, the large abdominal muscles that control breathing. Tumors growth may occur in the mediastinum, and it may spread to the lung tissues.
Mixed cellularity Hodgkin’s disease
It accounts for 15 to 20 % of cases. It is affecting the lymph nodes of the abdomen and spleen more so than areas above the diaphragm.
Lymphocyte depletion Hodgkin’s disease
The least common form of Hodgkin’s, accounts for less than 1%. This disease usually appears in the abdomen and pelvis’s lymph of the neck and underarms nodes.
Lymphocytes fatty classic Hodgkin’s disease
The provisional subtypes are also known as lymphocyte rich classic Hodgkin’s disease. If patients get proper treatment, then relapse is a sporadic case.
Types of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Lymphoblastic non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Is seen in 30% of cases, involve the T cells, and usually present with a mass in the chest.
Burkitt’s or non-Burkitt’s lymphoma
in which the cells are diffuse. The tumor has been showing in the bone marrow, abdomen, and brain.
Large cell or diffuse histolytic non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Involves the B cells, and T cells account for about 25 % of the cases. Children with this type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma typically own a lymphatic system that applies and nonlymphoid structure.
B cells chronic lymphocytic leukemia and small lymphocytic lymphoma
Follicular lymphomas make up about 14 % of all lymphomas. It is a very slow-growing lymphoma.
Causes of lymphoma
There is no definite cause of lymphoma to date. But some factors increase the risk.
- Exposure to benzene or chemicals that kill insects and weeds.
- Had treatment for Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the past
- Have been treated for cancer with radiation.
There are some risk factors for lymphoma:
- Epstein- Barr virus
- H. pylori infection,
- Human T cell leukemia
- A compromised immune system HIV/AIDS
- Clinical manifestation
- Excessive sweating or night sweats
- Weight loss, loss of appetite
- Fatigue and weakness
- Severe itchiness
- Coughing, shortness of breath
- Constant tiredness
- Red patches
- Enlarged spleen
Signs and symptoms
- Like – in the upper part of the chest.
- Between belly and thigh, Near the neck.
Some other symptoms include –
Diagnoses of lymphoma
In this treatment, drugs are used to destroy cancer cells. (Read more – Why chemotherapy is done)
In which high-energy X-rays kill cancer cells.
Bone marrow transplant/stem cell transplant
How fast can you die from lymphoma?
Most people often die from infections, bleeding, or organ failure resulting from metastases with NHL. A sudden bleeding or severe infection can quickly lead to death, even if someone doesn’t appear very ill.
I also wrote a article on What Is Colorectal Cancer?: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
More than 70% of people diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma will live for at least five years with lymphoma treatment.
It is most important to seek medical attention for symptoms of cold or infection that continue for an extended period. Better diagnosis can improve a person’s chances of successful treatment.
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