It is a viral infectious disease of the respiratory tract, primarily caused by Rhinovirus or Coronavirus.
The cold lasts an average of one week or few days.
It can cause a blocked nose followed by a runny nose, sneezing or sore throat, and cough.
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What’s the difference between a common cold and the flu?
The common cold and flu are very similar at first. Both are respiratory diseases and can cause similar symptoms.
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A cold or flu share a few common symptoms:
- Body aches
- Stuffy nose
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Another variation between the two is how serious they are. Colds rarely cause health conditions or problems, and the flu can lead to sinus, ear infections, pneumonia, and sepsis.
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To determine whether symptoms are from a cold or flu, you need to talk to your doctor. Your doctor will help determine what’s behind your symptoms.
If the doctor diagnoses your cold, you’ll likely need to treat symptoms until the virus has had a chance to run its course. Treatments can include using over-the-counter cold medications and staying hydrated.
What causes colds?
Cold rhinoviruses can be spread from person to person and surface to person. A virus can live on a person or surface for several days. Having the virus on the skin doesn’t mean you’ll get sick. It would be best to spread the virus to your eyes, nose, or mouth to get sick.
Symptoms of cold
Cold symptoms take a few days to arrive. The symptoms of a cold appear suddenly. Knowing the difference between cold and flu can help you decide how to treat your condition.
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- Nasal stiffness or drainage
- Nasal congestion
- Watery eyes
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Cold remedies for adults
If you are experiencing a cold, you’re likely looking for relief. Cold treatments fall into two main categories:
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The most common OTC medications used for colds include antihistamines, decongestants, and pain relievers. If you’re using this one, read the label and understand what you’re taking so you don’t get more than you should of any one class of medication.
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- Keep your body hydrated.
- Take rest. It will not infect your body from other infections.
- Do saltwater gargle
- Maintain room temperature
Cold remedies for children
The U.S. Food Administration doesn’t recommend children under the age of 4 take cold medicines.
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These home remedies can ease the symptoms of a cold in a child:
- Salt gargles
- Warm bath
How Long Does Common Cold Last?
The cold is a viral infection in the upper respiratory tract. Cold and cannot treat flu viruses with antibiotics.
The average cold lasts anywhere from seven to 10 days. It depends on your overall health, and you have had symptoms of a cold for more or less time. People who are smoking or have asthma may experience symptoms longer.
If symptoms do not disappear in 7 to 10 days, you should make an appointment with your doctor.
What food should I eat?
When you’re sick, you do not feel like eating, but your body needs the energy food provides. The following foods are helpful for your cold recovery:
- Chicken noodle soup
- Hot tea
The critical thing to remember when you have a cold or flu is to stay hydrated. Drink water and warm tea regularly. Also, avoid caffeine and alcohol.
Diagnosis for the common cold
- Physical examination.
- During physical examination, pay careful attention to the neck and chest.
- Examining the eyes, ears, throat, and chest to determine if a bacterial source is causing the illness.
- Usually, no blood test or x-ray is necessary.
Colds are a minor problem, but they can certainly be miserable. Unfortunately, you can’t get a vaccine to prevent colds like flu. Here are some tips for cold prevention:
- Wash your hands.
- Avoid sick people.
- Take care of your gut.
- Cover your cough.
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