Trigeminal neuralgia is an axon disorder that causes stabbing or electrical shock-like pain in parts of the face. It involves the 5th cranial nerve (trigeminal nerve). This cranial nerve has three branches.
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Table of Contents
Causes of trigeminal neuralgia
- Often, no reason is found.
- The condition usually affects older adults but may act at any age.
- It may be part of the normal aging process.
- Some people may feel trigeminal neuralgia due to a brain lesion, surgical injuries, stroke, facial trauma.
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Signs and symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia
- Episodes of severe shooting or jabbing pain that may feel like an electric shock.
- The pain may be felt around the eyes, nose, scalp, and face.
Trigeminal neuralgia includes pain at the site of :
- Touching your face
- Brushing your teeth
- Putting on makeup
- Encountering a breeze
- Washing your face
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Trigeminal neuralgia foods to avoid
- Artificial sweeteners or white sugar
- Dairy or bakery products like whole cream or milk, cheese
- Spicy and fried foods
- Junk foods or packaged foods
- Citrus fruits and vegetables such as oranges, pineapple, strawberry, tomatoes, lime
- Carbonated drinks and squashes
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Diagnosis of trigeminal neuralgia
- A neurological examination
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
How to calm down trigeminal neuralgia
- To treat trigeminal neuralgia, our doctor usually will prescribe medications to lessen or block the pain signals sent to the brain.
- Anticonvulsants: carbamazepine (Tegretol, Carbatrol, others) for trigeminal neuralgia, and it’s been shown to be effective in treating the condition.
- Antispasmodic agents. Muscle-relaxing agents such as baclofen (Gablofen, Lioresal) in combination with carbamazepine
- Surgery includes relocating or removing blood vessels in contact with the trigeminal.
- During microvascular decompression, the doctor makes an incision behind the ear on the side of pain.
- Then, through a small hole in the skull, in this surgery to move any arteries in contact with the trigeminal nerve or put soft material between the street.
- Gamma knife radiosurgery.
- Radiation damaged the trigeminal nerves and reduced the pain.
- It is successful in reducing the pain for the majority of people.
- If pain recurs, the procedure can be repeated. Facial numbness can be a side effect.
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