In modern days, people are more concerned about body weight and shaping of the body, so to face them, they are eating an inadequate amount of food excessively or less.
Food Intake Eating disorders are diseases that occur due to overeating or under eating, affecting physical and emotional health.
It is any psychological condition characterized by abnormal eating habits.
People are an obsession with food or body shape.
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Table of Contents
Causes of eating disorder
There are mainly three factors included in the psychopathology of Eating Disorders:
Genetic and Biochemical : Specific genes are responsible for causing an eating disorder. Any abnormality in brain chemicals
Immune System :Eating disorder elevates the studies showing autoantibodies that affect hormones and regulate appetite control and stress Response.
Read: How Can I Boost My Immune System?
Infection: Streptococcal infection can lead to eating problems. Factor in the development of Anorexia Nervosa.
Brain Lesions: There are lesions to the right frontal lobe or the temporal lobe that can cause eating disorders’ pathological symptoms.
Obstetric Complications : Maternal Anemia, very preterm birth (> 32 weeks), being born small for gestational age, cephalhematoma.
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Personality Traitas :Abnormal grown-up of personality in childhood that affects the behavior of the person and causes an eating disorder.
Read: When to Deliver IUGR Baby? | IUGR Babies Long Term Effects
Child Mal-Treatment :It encompasses physical, psychological, and sexual abuse and neglect have been shown to lead to various psychiatric disorders, including eating disorder.
Parental Influence: Family genetic predisposition, dietary choices by cultural or ethnic Preferences, the parent’s body shape, eating patterns, parental pressure.
Peer Pressure: Peer pressure was a contributor to body image concerns and attitudes towards eating among subjects in their teens.
Social Factor :Among female students and occupational groups concerned with weight.
I have already covered: Social Handicaps
Indivisual Psychological Factor
Disturbance of body image, struggle for control, and sense of identity, traits of low self.
Esteem and perfectionism are individual psychological factors.
Causes Within The Family
Disturbance in a family relationship, overprotection, and family members have an unusual interest in food and physical appearance.
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Symptoms of eating disorder
Eating disorders are complex problems expressed through behavior, emotions, and physical effect on a person’s body. Signs can vary greatly between each type of disorder and each person.
Some of these signs may be:
- Eat or not eat tiny portions of food
- Fear of being average weight
- Excessive physical exercise
- A significant change in weight
- Social isolation
- Stomach cramps
- Menstrual irregularities
- Sleep problems such as insomnia or hypersomnia
- Dry skin
- Tooth decay or tooth discoloration due to vomiting
- muscle weakness
Types of eating disorder
An anorexia nervosa person is having particular behavioral and psychopathological symptoms and significant physical signs. The majority is females, and the onset is during adolescence. Due to dear of weight gain or drive of thinness.
Bulimia Nervosa is excessive eating of food followed by guilt, humiliation, depression, and self-condemnation.
Include frequently consuming abnormally large portions of food within a specific period and use compensatory measures to prevent weight gain. E.g., use of laxative, induced vomiting.
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Binge Eating Disorder
A person is eating a large amount of food in a short period. The feeling of being “out of control” during binges Eating food rapidly without really tasting it.
In this disorder, a person has regurgitated the food in case of anorexia, bulimia, and binge episodes without any nauseated feelings. It is mainly seen in infancy.
Healthy eating habits should be encouraged to the patient. Ensure the patient is taking carbohydrate, protein, and fat if the patient is not taking a high energy drink. Take help from a psychologist psychiatrist to treat this disorder. To prevent malnutrition healthy balanced diet is required.
To learn more, you can read: What Is a High Protein Diet?
- medical evaluation to rule out abdominal problems.
- Psychological evaluation and depression inventory.
- medical history, Laboratory tests.
- Complete physical examination.
- Central nervous system abnormalities, cancer, malabsorption syndrome.
- Comprehensive blood testing, cholesterol level, total protein, electrolytes, fasting blood sugar, and serum amylase level.
- ECG reading irregular.
how to recover from an eating disorder?
Healthy eating habits should be encouraged to the patient. Ensure the patient is taking carbohydrate, protein, and fat if the patient is not taking a high energy drink.
Take help from a psychologist psychiatrist to treat this disorder.
To prevent malnutrition healthy balanced diet is required
- Appetite stimulants for anorexia nervosa
Individual psychotherapy: In individual therapy, provide one to one based counseling between counselor and counselee.
Behavioral therapy: In behavior therapy, modify the behavior of the patient with an adaptive pattern.
Cognitive behavior therapy: In cognitive therapy, change negative thoughts with positive thoughts and motivation.
Family therapy: In family therapy, family members work as a team to mold the behavior of the patient.
Eating disorder is a mental health disease that needs treatment. it can cause body damage if left untreated.
If you have an eating disorder, seek the help of a health care specialist.
Do let me know what other tips you follow to avoid eating disorder? Share your tips in the comments below!
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