Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Risk To Baby, Causes, Treatment

Hyper: –Excessive

Emesis: –Vomiting

Gravidarum: –During Pregnancy

“Excessive nausea and vomiting during pregnancy are called Hyper emesis Gravidarum.”

Many women feel morning sickness during pregnancy. This situation is commonly painless. it typically goes away within 12 weeks.

I have also covered Pregnancy Tips in depth. Read this post to learn more.

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Table of Contents

Causes of hyperemesis gravidarum

Hormones cause illness and hyperemesis gravidarum, while some factors increase the risk of experiencing one or both problems during pregnancy.

To learn more, you can read: Multiple pregnancies: Symptoms ,Causes, and Treatment

  • Expecting a coefficient (twins, triple or more).
  • Family history of vomiting during pregnancy.
  • Sensitive to certain odors or tastes
  • Migraine
  • Motion sickness
  • Risk of foodborne illness from eating raw, mashed foods, or fruits and vegetables that have not been washed

There are common causes of vomiting during pregnancy and other problems that can cause vomiting during pregnancy.

  • Ulcers
  • Appendicitis
  • Migraine
  • Preeclampsia
  • Gallbladder

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  • Multifactorial causes such as endocrine, gastrointestinal and psychological factors.
  • Raising the level of estrogen and HCG.
  • Mother has multiple pregnancy or hydatidiform Multifactorialcauses such as endocrine, gastrointestinal and psychological factors.
  • The increasing level of estrogen and HCG.
  • The mother has numerous pregnancy moles.
  • Women with a previous history of hyperemesisgravidarum.
  • Infection with Helicobacter pylori.

To learn more, you can read post: Multiple pregnancies: Symptoms ,Causes, and Treatment

Symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum

Symptoms are include:

  • Dehydration
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Weight loss of up to 10% of the pre-pregnant weight.
  • May see rapid pulse, low blood pressure & dry furred skin.
  • The mother is unable to retain food or fluid.
  • In severe cases, jaundice may appear, which indicates hepatic involvement.
  • Mother’s breath may smell of acetone, a sign of ketosis.  

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Risk to baby

Vomiting illness during pregnancy is uncomfortable, but you are less likely to experience significant complications.

You must read this article: Pregnancy Tips | Pregnancy Care

But if you have hyperemesis gravidarum, severe vomiting can lead to dehydration or decreased urination and cannot replenish your fluid levels.

Also read: Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Risk To Baby, Causes, Treatment

This condition causes liver damage, B-vitamin deficiency, and poor development in your child, so it is essential to discuss your signs with your doctor.

To learn more about vitamin B, you can read: What Does Vitamin B Complex Do?

These diseases, including salmonella poisoning and Listeria, are also prone to premature delivery and miscarriage.

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  • Admit women in the hospital for assessment and management of symptoms.
  • Take the history of frequency & severity of vomiting.
  • Diagnose the type of vomiting, i.e., mild, moderate, or severe.
  • Note mother’s appearance & sign-symptoms of hyperemesis.
  • Nothing did give by mouth to allow time for vomiting to controllers.
  • Give I/V infusion to correct hypovolaemia & electrolyte imbalance.
  • Given gradual fluids & foods as her condition improves.
  • Smallpalatablemealonregularbasishelptoencouragethemothertoregain her appetite.
  • Vitamin supplement scanbegivenforprolongedhyper-emesisgravidarum
  • Drugs received general publicity for hyperemesis treatment, pharmacological treatment for nausea & vomiting. 



  • The mother’s condition worsens if it is left untreated.
  • Wernicke’s encephalopathy due to lack of thiamine.
  • Coma & death due to renal & hepatic involvement.
  • It is persisting into the third trimester due to severe illnesses like acute fatty liver of pregnancy. 

You must read this article: Severe Anemia In Pregnancy: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment


The great news is that the symptoms of Hyperemesis Gravidarum. Disappear after the baby is born. However, postpartum recovery is long for women with Hyperemesis Gravidarum.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum. to you and your family. Talk to your doctor for help and get support. Communicate your feelings to your doctor and personal support system.

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