What is Hyperparathyroidism And Abdominal Bloating?

Unlike thyroid disease, parathyroid gland problems are not known. This gland secretes parathyroid hormone (PTH), which plays a vital role in maintaining calcium balance in the body.

Calcium is stored in bones; the primary function of the PTH hormone is to dissolve bones and release calcium from bones. When PTH usually works, the balance of calcium can be easily maintained. However, increasing its level causes calcium to be rapidly released from the bones, weakening the bones. If it happens for a long time, you may have osteoporosis and other orthopedic problems.

To get started, you’ll need to learn : All About Hyperthyroidism

What is Hyperparathyroidism?

Hyperparathyroidism is an excessive amount of parathyroid hormone by the parathyroid glands. Parathyroid hormone controls calcium, vitamin D, and phosphorus levels in the bones and bones. When calcium is too low, the body responds to increased parathyroid hormone. The increased parathyroid hormones cause more calcium to take from the bone, and the kidney and intestine reabsorb more calcium. 

Abdominal Bloating

This is an infection of your pancreas gland. Rarely, a high level of calcium due to hyperparathyroidism can cause pancreatitis. This can cause severe abdominal pain or abdominal bloating.

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Table of Contents

Types of hyperparathyroidism

One primary hyperparathyroidism

  • It is due to an enlargement of one or more of the parathyroid glands. It’s leads to excessive parathyroid hormone, which raises the level of calcium in the blood.

Secondary hyperparathyroidism

  • The body produces extra parathyroid hormone because the calcium levels are low .
  • Such symptoms are looking at when Vit-D levels are low or when calcium is not occupying the intestines. 
  • Correcting the calcium level and the underlying problems will bring the parathyroid levels to the average level. 
  • If the parathyroid glands continue to produce parathyroid hormone even though the calcium level is back average, the condition is called “tertiary hyperparathyroidism” it occurs mostly in patients with kidney problems.

Causes and risk factors

  • Insignificant cases, the reasons are unknown.
  • Hereditary.
  • More women develop this than the men.
  • More common in old age.
  • Those who have Vitamin-D deficiency have more risk to get this.
  • Who take lithium have more risk.

Signs and symptoms

For more information, read : Which Of The Following Would Result From Hypoparathyroidism?

Diagnostic evaluations

  • Blood test.
  • 24 hours urine collection test.
  • Bone x-rays.
  • Mineral density test.
  • X-rays .
  • Ultrasound.
  • CT scans.

Management

If the patient has mildly increased calcium levels due to primary hyperparathyroidism and no symptoms, they need a regular check-up. 

In milder cases, the use of thiazide, a specific type of diuretic, may also be prescribed. There is a new class of drugs, calcimimetics, which turns off the action of PTH. 

If the calcium level is very high, may n to remove the parathyroid gland that overproduces the hormone.

If another medical condition is causing hyperparathyroidism, treatment is the focus on treating the underlying cause.  

Here are a couple of articles, which you should definitely read: 

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