Calcium is stored in bones; the primary function of the PTH hormone is to dissolve bones and release calcium from bones. When PTH usually works, the balance of calcium can be easily maintained. However, increasing its level causes calcium to be rapidly released from the bones, weakening the bones. If it happens for a long time, you may have osteoporosis and other orthopedic problems.
What is Hyperparathyroidism?
Hyperparathyroidism is an excessive amount of parathyroid hormone by the parathyroid glands. Parathyroid hormone controls calcium, vitamin D, and phosphorus levels in the bones and bones. When calcium is too low, the body responds to increased parathyroid hormone. The increased parathyroid hormones cause more calcium to take from the bone, and the kidney and intestine reabsorb more calcium.
Table of Contents
Types of hyperparathyroidism
One primary hyperparathyroidism
- It is due to an enlargement of one or more of the parathyroid glands. It’s leads to excessive parathyroid hormone, which raises the level of calcium in the blood.
- The body produces extra parathyroid hormone because the calcium levels are low .
- Such symptoms are looking at when Vit-D levels are low or when calcium is not occupying the intestines.
- Correcting the calcium level and the underlying problems will bring the parathyroid levels to the average level.
- If the parathyroid glands continue to produce parathyroid hormone even though the calcium level is back average, the condition is called “tertiary hyperparathyroidism” it occurs mostly in patients with kidney problems.
Causes and risk factors
Signs and symptoms
- Gastrointestinal conditions.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Decreased appetite.
- Frequent heartburn.
- Abdominal pain.
- Peptic ulcer disease.
- Urinary system.
- Kidney stones.
- Flank pain.
- Frequent urination.
- Increased urine output.
- Psychological condition.
- Personality changes.
- Memory loss.
- Bone pain.
- Bone aches.
For more information, read : Which Of The Following Would Result From Hypoparathyroidism?
- Blood test.
- 24 hours urine collection test.
- Bone x-rays.
- Mineral density test.
- X-rays .
- CT scans.
If the patient has mildly increased calcium levels due to primary hyperparathyroidism and no symptoms, they need a regular check-up.
In milder cases, the use of thiazide, a specific type of diuretic, may also be prescribed. There is a new class of drugs, calcimimetics, which turns off the action of PTH.
If the calcium level is very high, may n to remove the parathyroid gland that overproduces the hormone.
If another medical condition is causing hyperparathyroidism, treatment is the focus on treating the underlying cause.
Here are a couple of articles, which you should definitely read:
- Gastrointestinal Polyps: Symptoms, Causes, Risk, Test and Treatment
- Gastro Intestinal Bleeding: Symptoms, Causes, Test and Treatment
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