What is Icd 10 Encopresis: Causes , Symptoms, and Treatment.

What is Icd 10 Encopresis?

icd 10 code for Encopresis F98.1

child passing stool at appropriate places. due to poor toilet training or neuro developmental disorder. 

It is the repeated involuntary or voluntary passage of faces in inappropriate places after four years. 

This problem is most often to connect with the constipation Stool becomes backed to the intestines.

Due to chronic constipation and other emotional problems, Encopresis is caused by any congenital disability. In the majority of cases, it develops as a result of chronic constipation. 

In most children, the problem begins with a painful passage of hard constipated stool. 

Over time, he holds stool to avoid pain. This “holding in” of stool becomes a habit. As time passes, more and more stool leaks, and then the child starts passing the entire stool in his or her underwear.

I had earlier shared What Is Nocturnal Enuresis? I hope you read.

encopresis definition
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Table of Contents

Causes of encopresis

Now we see what the main causes of encopresis are:

  • Chronic constipation the hard stool becomes very difficult to pass, and it is excruciating for the child.
  • A child eats a meager amount of fiber.
  • A child eats unhealthy foods.
  • Not drinking enough amount of water
  • Emotional problems
  • If a child have schizophrenia 
  • Sleep disorder
  • Improper toilet training
  • Adjustment problem in the home, school
  • Stress & Adaptation factors 
  • Broken families and divorced parents.    

All these factors increase the encopresis problem in children.

Here are a few articles to check out:

Symptoms of encopresis

Encopresis disease problem is increasing in childhood, so now we let’s look at the symptoms.

  • Leakage of stool or liquid stool chances on underwear, And sometimes happen even in sleep. 
  • Heaviness in the stomach or constipation with hard, solid stool.
  • Passage of bulky stool that clogs or almost clogs the toilet.
  • Avoidance of bowel actions.
  • In girls, long periods between bowel movements
  • Lack of hunger
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Problems with daytime wetting or bedwetting we can also call enuresis.
  • Repeated bladder infections or contamination occur typically in girls.

I also wrote a article on Foods That Cause Bowel Obstruction also you can read.

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  • Family tension regarding the symptoms must be reduced, and a non- punitive atmosphere must be created
  • Parental guidance and family therapy are often needed
  • Give Behavior techniques

To get started, you’ll need to:

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For ADHD Child

  • Individual psychotherapy to gain the co-operation and trust of the child
  • Provide a high fiber diet to avoid constipation
  • Provide a positive motivation to the child
  • Teach the proper toilet training
  • Regular exercise with your child
  • Establish regular, soft, and painless bowel movements.
  • Promote regular bowel habits.
  • Use enema or series of enemas, as it creates pressure within the rectum and gives the child an urge to pass stool
  • Suppositories and laxatives for adult can use to promote bowel evacuation. 

Read: Bowel Obstruction Diet

  • Maintain Regular toilet routine habit . The child should make to sit in the toilet for 5-10 minutes after breakfast and again after dinner every day.

learn more about: What Is Individual Psychotherapy And How It Works?

Diagnosis of Encopresis

Your child’s doctor may ask you for a variety of information to check for encopresis. They may ask you about his toilet training, his diet, lifestyle, habits, medication and behavior.

In addition, the doctor can examine the stool by inserting a finger into the baby’s anus with gloves on. In such a situation, they check whether the opening of the anus is properly or not and whether it is in normal size or not.

In some cases, the doctor may also do a barium enema. This is a type of special X-ray in which a small tube is inserted into the baby’s rectum and slowly filled with barium from the colon. Then its X-ray is taken.

Anorectal manometry may also be done in some severe cases. In this also a small tube is inserted into the rectum of the child. In this, it is found out that what is the position of the pelvic, abdominal and anal muscles of the child while passing stool.

Toilet Training

  • Children may respond to teaching about the appropriate use of muscles and other physical responses during defecation. 
  • That may help them learn how to recognize the urge to defecate. Children taught how to use their abdominal, pelvic, and anal sphincter muscles, which they have often used to retain stool.

Frequently Asked Question

How to help a child with encopresis?

Lifestyle and home remedies

  1. Focus on fiber. …
  2. Encourage your child to drink water. …
  3. Arrange toilet time. …
  4. Put a footstool near the toilet. …
  5. Stick with the program. …
  6. Be encouraging and positive. …
  7. Limit cow’s milk if that’s what the doctor recommends.
How to help a child with encopresis at school?

Encourage your child to drink lots of water, eat fiber rich foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Consider scheduling evidence based psychological intervention if your child feels shame, guilt, depression or low self esteem related to encopresis.

Is encopresis a behavioral disorder?

Encopresis affects about 1.5 percent of young school children and can create tremendous anxiety and embarrassment for children and their families. Encopresis is not a disease but rather a symptom of a complex relationship between the body and psychological/environmental stresses.

Does encopresis ever go away?

Many children who do not undergo treatment are able to resolve the problem on their own as they grow up, but this can take many years. The problem can persist into adulthood.

 What is the most common cause of encopresis?

Most cases of encopresis are the result of chronic constipation. In constipation, the child’s stool is hard, dry and may be painful to pass. As a result, the child avoids going to the toilet — making the problem worse. The longer the stool remains in the colon, the more difficult it is for the child to push stool out.


If this problem is not solved from an early age, it can become a significant health issue. So please don’t ignore the causes and work on it carefully and counter the problem. And take help from a doctor if needed.

A few other articles that you might be interested in:

Also, if you think we have missed important information in this post, then remind us in the comments below.

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