What Is Individual Psychotherapy?
Individual psychotherapy is the therapist and patient who has a problem with emotions and behavior. It is conducted on a one-to-one basis in that the therapist treats one client at a time.
By individual psychotherapy, we can solve the maladaptive behavior pattern and abnormal thinking that the patient is having.
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How will it help the patient?
- It will help to solve the problem for their well beings.
- It increases positive feelings and self-esteem.
- People learn the skills to handles the issues.
- Make the patient healthy to take the decisions and make them fit.
- Help the patient to solve the day-to-day problems by counselling.
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Indication of psychotherapy
- Stress-related disorders
- alcohol and drug dependence
- Sexual disorders and marital disharmony.
- Eating disorder
- Sleep problems
- Interpersonal problems
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Stages of individual psychotherapy
- In that therapist and patient get oriented with each other.
- The patient is encouraged to discover the cause of his abnormal behavior.
- The therapist listens to the problem and gives the solution.
- After the desired goal is achieved, the therapist and patient end their counseling.
Approaches of individual psychotherapy
- Is based on a psychoanalytical theory, which Sigmund Freud gave.
- In those three aspects are their id, ego, and superego.
- Based on that, if the person identifies the first relationship and experience as the source of his problem, they can quickly solve them.
- For that, they have to suppress unconscious material into conscious awareness by abreaction therapy, hypnosis.
Humanistic therapy helps
- The person realize the full potential through therapeutic genuineness and unconditional positive regard.
- The patient explores the inside feelings that make the patient more uncomfortable, and the therapist will help the patient overcome this problem.
- After observing the patient’s behaviour, it positively and negatively reinforces the patient.
- If a patient is doing successful work provided by the therapist, give him a positive reward, and if the patient is not doing the task, then give him a punishment to solve the problems.
- The therapist focuses on the person’s distorted thoughts and behaviour after identifying try to correct them.
- Recognize the feelings, behaviour of the patient.
- Bring the adaptive behaviour by changing the patient’s maladaptive behaviour.
- Teach problem-solving techniques and stress reduction strategies.
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