What Is Individual Psychotherapy And How It Works?

What Is Individual Psychotherapy?

Individual psychotherapy is the therapist and patient who has a problem with emotions and behavior. It is conducted on a one-to-one basis in that the therapist treats one client at a time.

By individual psychotherapy, we can solve the maladaptive behavior pattern and abnormal thinking that the patient is having.

Individual psychotherapy takes time from 8 months to 1 year for the sessions.

I had earlier shared  Goals Of Supportive Psychotherapy I hope you read. 

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How will it help the patient?

  • It will help to solve the problem for their well beings.
  • It increases positive feelings and self-esteem.
  • People learn the skills to handles the issues.
  • Make the patient healthy to take the decisions and make them fit.
  • Help the patient to solve the day-to-day problems by counselling.

I have already covered:

Indication of psychotherapy

  • Stress-related disorders
  • alcohol and drug dependence
  • Sexual disorders and marital disharmony.
  • Eating disorder
  • Sleep problems
  • Interpersonal problems
  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety

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Stages of individual psychotherapy


  • In that therapist and patient get oriented with each other.

Active phase

  • The patient is encouraged to discover the cause of his abnormal behavior.
  • The therapist listens to the problem and gives the solution.


  • After the desired goal is achieved, the therapist and patient end their counseling.

Approaches of individual psychotherapy

Psychodynamic therapy

  • Is based on a psychoanalytical theory, which Sigmund Freud gave. 
  • In those three aspects are their id, ego, and superego.
  • Based on that, if the person identifies the first relationship and experience as the source of his problem, they can quickly solve them.
  • For that, they have to suppress unconscious material into conscious awareness by abreaction therapy, hypnosis.

Humanistic therapy helps

  • The person realize the full potential through therapeutic genuineness and unconditional positive regard.
  • The patient explores the inside feelings that make the patient more uncomfortable, and the therapist will help the patient overcome this problem.

Behaviour therapy

  • After observing the patient’s behaviour, it positively and negatively reinforces the patient.
  • If a patient is doing successful work provided by the therapist, give him a positive reward, and if the patient is not doing the task, then give him a punishment to solve the problems.

Cognitive therapy

  • The therapist focuses on the person’s distorted thoughts and behaviour after identifying try to correct them.
  • Recognize the feelings, behaviour of the patient.
  • Bring the adaptive behaviour by changing the patient’s maladaptive behaviour.
  • Teach problem-solving techniques and stress reduction strategies. 

Here are a few articles to check out:

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