Infantile autism is characterized by disturbance in language, communication, and social interaction before 30 months. The child will become less responsive towards the people.
To get started, you’ll need to learn: Pervasive Developmental Disorders And Autism: What is it?
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What is infantile autism?
Infant self-centeredness is a developmental disability if language and social or developmental disturbances begin before 30 months. Must distinguish it from several disorders, including mental schizophrenia and retardation.
Treatment consists of training in communication skills and language, behavioral modification, and, occasionally, chemotherapy. Supportive education and counseling education for parents is essential to treatment.
Causative Factors of infantile autism
- Exact cause is unknown.
- Predisposing factors are:
- Anoxia during pregnancy.
- Anoxia during delivery.
- Maternal rubella infection to the mothers
- Tumor into the brain or any vital organs like kidney, skin, lungs.
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Signs and symptoms of infantile autism
Lack of involvement with other people
- Unresponsive and uninterested in any other work.
- Do not react to physical contact or else stiffen when cuddled.
- Fail to develop a smiling response to others or the usual anticipatory movements such as putting their arms to be picked up.
- Have no difficulty in tolerating separation
- Seem unaware of the parent’s absence.
- They are content to be left alone and provide no satisfaction or feedback to the parent or caregiver for any Gesturing
Lack of Verbal Communication
- Some children use no speech.
- Or sometimes, the repetition of words.
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Pre-occupation with particular Objects
- They use these toys as they use words repetitively.
- These children will flush the toilet repeatedly or turn a light on and off again, mainly in their second year.
- They will react with a violent temper tantrum if they are interrupted while engaged in these activities or their environment is disturbed.
- Ritualism, repetitive acts performed to relieve anxiety,
- Provides a way for the toddler to maintain sameness and stability in a sometimes confusing world.
- Rituals can help the child feel secure in the face of uncertainty.
- Ritualistic behavior occurs most commonly between 18 months – 4 yrs. of age.
- Ritualistic activities are like bathing (hanging
- the washcloth in a certain way),
- Eating, sleeping (always taking a favorite security object to bed.
- 40 percent of autistic children have an IQ of below 50 and 30 percent.
- They show extreme variability in intellectual functioning.
- They are often untestable on verbal tasks.
- The major complication of the disorder is the development of epileptic seizures. Most of the children with an IQ below 50 develop seizures
Prognosis of infantile autism
Treatment of infantile autism
- Pharmacotherapy is a valuable treatment for associated symptoms like aggression, temper tantrum, self-injuries, hyperactivity, and stereotype behavior.
- Some drugs are used, like serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitor clomipramine, lithium.
- Antiepileptic medications are also used for generalized seizures.
To get started, you’ll need to: Disruptive Behavior Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
- Particular schooling: most autistic children require special education, and older adolescents need vocational training.
- Counseling and supportive therapy: An autistic child’s family needs considerable help to cope with the child’s behavior, often distressing.
- Behavior modification. Positive reinforcement to teach self-care skills, speech therapy interpersonal interaction.
- Family therapy: teach the family members how to talk constructively with a child.
A few other articles that you might be interested in:
- Encopresis And Autism: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
- Goals Of Supportive Psychotherapy
- Selective Mutism In Adults And Child: Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Do you have any questions about choosing the best treatment for your child’s early and long lasting recovery? Ask in the comments!
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