Is Epilepsy Genetic? | Is Epilepsy A Disability: All About Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a lifelong disease that causes unprovoked, repetitive illnesses. An illness is an unexpected rush of electrical activity in mind.

Epilepsy: Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which a person has repeated episodes over time.

I had earlier shared What Causes Epilepsy In Children?. I hope you read the post.

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Table of Contents

Causes of epilepsy

  • Genetic influence
  • Stroke
  • Dementia.
  • Head trauma.
  • Brain conditions.
  • Infectious diseases including meningitis, encephalitis
  • Prenatal injury.
  • Congenital disorders
  • Developmental disorders
  • Brain tumor
  • Metabolic disorders

I had earlier shared following posts, you can read:

Classification

Focal seizures: it occurs when there is abnormal activity in the brain; they are called focal or partial seizures

Generalized seizures: it results from abnormal neuronal activity in both sides of the brain.

Focal seizures

Simple Focal seizure

These are simple partial seizures that do not cause loss of consciousness

  1.  Generalized seizures
  2.  Absence seizures

It commonly occurs in children as a cluster that cause loss of awareness. It is also known as petit mal seizures.

  1. Tonic seizures. Tonic seizures cause stiffening of muscles. It includes powers of the back, arm, legs.
  2. Atonic seizures are also known as drop seizures that cause sudden falls or collapse and lead to muscle control loss.
  3. Clonic seizures. Clonic seizures are repeated or rhythmic, jerking muscle movements. It affects the face, neck, and arm.
  4. Myoclonic seizures: it is sudden jerks or twitches of the arms and legs.
  5. Tonic-clonic seizures.: That causes loss of consciousness, body stiffing, shaking, biting the tongue, and losing bladder control.

Signs and symptoms

  • Temporary confusion
  • Uncontrollable jerking
  • Loss of consciousness or awareness
  • Involuntary changes in body movement or function
  • Numbness
  • Brief or long term loss of memory
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness

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Is epilepsy genetic?

According to the specialists, there are many cases of genetic disposition, including environmental circumstances that give on to epilepsy.

Mostly 30 to 40 percent of epilepsy generated by genetic disposition. Family members of people with birthright epilepsy have a 2 to 4 fold expanded risk for epilepsy.

Must read: What Vitamins And Minerals Are Good For the Brain?

Is epilepsy a disability

In India, epilepsy doesn’t consider a disability, and also there is no particular act defined for disability. 

Diagnostic evaluation

  • A neurological exam
  • Blood tests
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)

Management

Choice of treatment depends on types of seizures:

  • Anticonvulsants: carbamazepine, phenytpin, clonazepam, valporicacid, ethosuxamide.
  • Surgery: It indicates when seizures caused by a tumor, abscess, or injury.

Conclusion

Hundreds of genes play a role in epilepsy. Sometimes a single change in a gene may be enough to cause epilepsy. An environmental factor is also required. Advance in genetic epilepsy helps us better understand the disease and the possibilities for improving the treatment of people living with epilepsy.

Related: Ashwagandha Top Health Benefits

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