Hepatitis is a viral disease. It can be mild to severe illness. With hepatitis A mostly people recover fully. Hepatitis A (HAV) is spread through contaminated food, water, and contact with an infectious person.
What is it?
Viral hepatitis disease is an inflammation of the liver by any heterogeneous group of hepatotropic viruses.
Hepatitis is occurring as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis occurs when your body makes antibodies against your liver tissue. Several types of hepatitis, including types A, B, C, D, E, and G. Hepatitis A, B, and C, are several common types of hepatitis.
Hepatitis viruses replicate in liver cells. Due to this, the liver becomes unable to perform its function.
- The liver purifies our blood by converting harmful chemicals into harmless ones.
- The liver mainly produces good and vital substances like protein for our health.
- Our liver stores fats, sugars, and vitamins until the body needs them.
Due to inflammation in the liver, it cannot function well, and it brings symptoms and problems associated with hepatitis.
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Table of Contents
Five types of viral hepatitis
A different virus is responsible for each virally transmitted hepatitis.
Hepatitis A is an acute and short-term disease. Hepatitis B, C, and D have become ongoing and chronic. Hepatitis E is usually acute but dangerous for pregnant women.
Hepatitis is spread due to virus infection. Hepatitis A is spread through the consumption of food or water contaminated with the feces of an infected person.
Hepatitis is spread through contact with infectious body fluids such as blood, vaginal fluids, and semen.
Having sex with an infected partner and injecting drugs increases your risk of hepatitis B.
Hepatitis C comes from the hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis C (HCV) is spread through direct contact with the body fluids of an infected person, typically sexual contact and injection drug use.
Hepatitis D (HVD) is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis D virus, called data hepatitis. Hepatitis D can be transmitted through direct contact with infected blood.
Hepatitis D cannot survive on its own because it requires a protein, which Hepatitis B makes to enable it to infect liver cells.
Hepatitis E is a waterborne disease and is caused by the hepatitis E virus. Hepatitis E is more common in areas with poor sanitation.
Causes of hepatitis
Unnecessary consumption of alcohol can cause inflammation of your liver and liver damage. Consuming alcohol in excess can damage your cells. Overuse of drugs and exposure to poison are also the causes of hepatitis.
Symptoms of hepatitis
In hepatitis, you may not have symptoms in the beginning. When it damages your liver, it can affects.
Some symptoms of hepatitis include:
- Pale stool
- Dark urine
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain
History and physical exam
Diagnose your hepatitis first. Your doctor takes your history to determine the risk factor you may have for infectious or noninfectious hepatitis.
The doctor may press down on your abdomen to see if there’s pain or tenderness in physical examination. Your doctor also checks your liver is enlarged.
Other blood tests
The doctor will ask you to get a blood test done to find out the source of your problem.
Ultrasound allows your doctor to take a closer look at the liver and nearby organs.
- Abnormalities of your gallbladder
- Fluid in your abdomen
- Liver tumors
With the help of a liver biopsy, your doctor takes a sample of tissue from your liver. Ultrasound is used to guide your doctor while taking the biopsy sample.
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Treatment for viral hepatitis
Treatments for chronic and acute hepatitis are different. Acute hepatitis involves relieving, resting, symptoms, and adequate intake of fluids, and treatment of chronic hepatitis involves medications.
In acute hepatitis, treatment is relieving the symptoms of vomiting, nausea, and also abdominal pain.
Providing fluids is essential to prevent dehydration caused by vomiting. Patients with nausea and vomiting require hospitalization for treatment.
People with chronic hepatitis should stop consuming alcohol and cigarettes as it is more likely to cause liver damage.
There are some medications for chronic hepatitis:
- Oral daclatasvi
- Simeprevir + Sofosbuvir
- Daclatasvir + Sofosbuvir
- Oral entecavir (Baraclude)
Prevention of hepatitis
A blood test can identify it. Apart from this, all types of hepatitis are also tested through liver function tests and ultrasound. After the test report is positive, should start treatment immediately on the advice of the doctor. Must check it during pregnancy. If there are any symptoms, they should consult the doctor without delay.
- Take care of the cleanliness around you, and pregnant women should take special care in this matter.
- Get children vaccinated. Its vaccines are now available for adults as well.
- Avoid foods with excess ghee oil and chili spices.
- Stay away from cigarettes and alcohol.
- On seeing the symptoms, quit the habit of taking medicine on your own.
- After birth, get the hepatitis vaccine administered under the doctor’s supervision.
For better cure must read following article:
Complications of hepatitis
Related hepatitis C some complications are:
- Liver cancer
- Chronic liver disease
- Bleeding disorder
- Kidney failure
Apart from these article, I recommend you to read following posts that will help you:
- What Are The Final Stages Of Cirrhosis Of The Liver?
- Portal Hypertension: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
I tried to cover as much as I could for Hepatitis C, but if you still have a question in your mind, feel free to give us comment.
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