HIV/AIDS is one of the most devasting global epidemics of the twentieth century.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) caused by acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) includes various severe and debilitating disorders such as opportunistic infections like tuberculosis, pneumonia resulting from a compromised immune system, and significant co-occurring psychiatric illnesses.
Due to HIV/AIDS, there is CD4+T cell count is low, and with that, there are so many psychiatric illnesses is associated with anxiety, depression, fear, etc.…
Coping with reality and moving forward with HIV/AIDS is very challenging, and it will create so many mental issues.
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Is Hiv and Aids the same thing?
You don’t get AIDS just by getting HIV into the body. You can live with HIV (having HIV+) for many years without any symptoms or with only a few symptoms.
They are much less likely to get AIDS if they take appropriate medications. But without treatment, HIV eventually reduces the number of CD4 cells to such an extent that the immune system is significantly weakened. These people are more prone to opportunistic infections.
Symptoms of Hiv and Aids
Headache: Another symptom of HIV AIDS is a headache. Sometimes it is seen as a result of stress or fatigue. But a person who has HIV often complains of a headache.
Fever: A person with HIV has frequent complaints of fever.
Rashes on the body: HIV AIDS also affects the skin, and due to this, there are problems like patches or rashes on the skin along with changes in the color of the skin.
Apart from this, the patient also complains of stomach pain, sore throat.
- Diarrhea for a long time
- Frequent infections
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
Causes of Hiv and Aids
Sexual communication: Unprotected sex is the biggest carrier of this disease. It is a sexually transmitted disease. AIDS/HIV is a disease caused by having unprotected sex with a person with HIV.
This disease is caused by blood: Women are more prone to this disease during bleeding. Apart from this, if you are given a blood transfusion of an HIV-positive person, or if a needle is inserted into you, even by mistake, you can still spread this disease.
If you and someone with HIV is hurt and you come into contact with them (but if you also have an open wound), your chances of contracting the disease will increase to more than 90 percent.
Mother’s milk: If a woman is HIV positive and she feeds the child, that is, she feeds the child, then HIV is also spread by her.
Psychosocial issues related to a positive result
- At the change in living patterns.
- Depression due to the absence of a cure, loss of personal control.
- Anxiety about social, occupational, domestic, and sexual hostility and rejection.
- Angers about the helplessness of the situation, other who are infection-free, unfair fate.
Other who discriminate
Suicidal thoughts and acts:
- The patient has suicidal ideation.
Loss of self-esteem:
- loss of confidence and identity, the physical impact of HIV infection.
- Due to pre-occupation of thought of HIV positivity.
- Shock, numbness, disbelief, confusion, uncertainty about the present and future, denial, guilt, frequent mood changes, sadness, and concern about the future.
- Crying, anger expressed verbally and physically withdrawal, checking the body for a sign of infection.
- Fear of pain, death, disability, loss of functioning, loss of privacy, confidentiality.
- loss of physical attractiveness, potency sexual relationship, status in the community, independence, control over life, confidence, grief over the loss of death.
- due to social stigma.
- Other responses are transient or chronic sexual dysfunction and social withdrawal due to fear of infecting others or social rejection.
Hiv skin rash: how Is treated?
Advances in viral control and immune carrying to normalize skin problems. Can quickly treat HIV skin rashes problems caused by the most common type of treatment for HIV rash management is medicine.
Depending on the condition of the rash, over-the-counter medications such as hydrocortisone creams or diphenhydramine (Benadryl) may help with the itching. More severe rashes require prescription medications from a doctor.
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- Antiretroviral therapy is given to HIV/AIDS patients.
- Viral suppressor drugs should be given to the patient.
- Encourage the patient to verbalize any changes in the body or what you think about others.
- Provide psychotherapy to the patient for mental health support.
Having HIV cannot be cured. However, with the help of medicines, this virus can be suppressed, which helps the person lead an everyday life. It is best to follow the doctor’s advice seriously; slight carelessness can put the victim in trouble.
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