COVID-19 may affect the patient who is having hypertension. For example, a patient with low blood pressure may risk acute kidney injury, according to data presented in hypertension scientific session 2020.
Low blood pressure is hypotension. It is because your blood pushes against your arteries with a heartbeat. And the pushing of the blood upon the artery walls is called blood pressure.
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Having lower blood pressure is sometimes good in most. But low blood pressure can make you feel tired or dizzy. In those cases, hypotension can be a symptom of an underlying condition that should treat.
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Blood pressure is measured while the heartbeats and is in rest periods between beats.
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The lowdown on low blood pressure
Many people worry about having high blood pressure. But for some people, low blood pressure is a big worry.
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Average blood pressure is less than 120/80 mmHg. Low blood pressure is defined as a blood pressure lower than 90/60 mmHg, linked with symptoms.
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No lower limit is unhealthy. But having low blood pressure can mean your organs don’t get the oxygen and blood they need to work normally.
Causes of hypotension
Every person’s blood pressure drops differently at some point or the other. And it doesn’t cause noticeable symptoms. Some conditions can cause prolonged periods of hypotension that can become dangerous if left untreated.
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- Large amounts of blood loss through injury
- Infections of the bloodstream
- Impaired circulation caused by heart attacks
Most people have hypotension for unknown reasons. This type of hypotension, called chronic asymptomatic hypotension, isn’t usually harmful.
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A person with hypotension may experience symptoms when their blood pressure drops below 90/60. Symptoms of hypotension include:
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- Clammy skin
- Blurry skin
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Symptoms can range in severity. Some people may be uncomfortable, while others may feel quite ill.
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Types of hypotension
Hypotension is divided into various classifications according to when blood pressure drops.
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Orthostatic hypotension is the dropping in blood pressure that occurs when you are lying down to standing. It is common in all ages people.
As your body adjusts to the position change, there may be a period of dizziness. It is what people refer to as “seeing stars” when they get up.
Postprandial is a drop in blood pressure that occurs right after eating. Older adults, those with Parkinson’s disease, are developing postprandial hypotension.
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It is related to shock. Shock occurs when your organs don’t get the blood and oxygen they need to function correctly. Hypotension can be life-threatening if not treated immediately.
Neurally mediated hypotension happens after you stand for a lengthy time. Children also experience this form of hypotension more often than adults. In addition, emotionally upsetting events can cause this drop in blood pressure.
The hypotension treatment will depend on the cause of your hypotension. For example, treatment could include medications for heart disease, infection, or diabetes.
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Drink more water to avoid hypotension due to dehydration, especially if you are vomiting or have diarrhea.
Staying hydrated can help prevent the symptoms of neurally mediated. For example, if you are experiencing low blood pressure when standing for long periods, be sure to take a small break to lie down. And try to decrease your stress levels to avoid emotional trauma.
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Treat orthostatic hypotension with gradual movements. For example, instead of standing up, work your way into a standing position using small movements. Likewise, you can avoid orthostatic hypotension by not crossing your legs when you sit.
Many people can prevent and manage hypotension by following the condition and being educated about it. And, if you’re prescribed medication, take it increases your blood pressure and avoid harmful complications.
Are you using one of these treatments from the above list? If yes, then tell us how has your experience been so far? Share your thoughts in the comments!
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