It is an immune-mediated demyelinating disease of the CNS. Demyelination refers to the destruction of myelin, the fatty and protein material surrounding the nerve fibers into the brain and spinal cord, lead to impaired nerve impulse transmission.
It is a chronic, progressive, degenerative and autoimmune disease of the Central Nervous System characterized by the neurons’ demyelination.
When demyelination occurs, the transmission of nerve impulses slows down.
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- The immune system attacks its tissue, so it is considered an autoimmune disease.
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Other causes of multiple sclerosis
Some causes and risk factors that may make MS more likely include:
- Nutritional deficiencies
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Is multiple sclerosis genetic?
Some genes are believed to play a role in multiple sclerosis. Your chance of developing multiple sclerosis is higher if a close relative, parent or sibling, has the disease.
If your sibling or parent has multiple sclerosis, your lifetime risk for getting it is estimated to be around 3 percent.
Is multiple sclerosis fatal?
Multiple sclerosis is rarely fatal, and life expectancy is only a matter of months. Concerns about prognosis center primarily on the quality of life and disability probabilities. Most patients view MS as a continuously progressive, irreversibly disabling disease.
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Due to etiological factors
The immune system activates against own body.
Produce antibody against the myelin sheath
Antibody attack myelin sheath of CNS
Progressive damage of myelin sheath in CNS
Defect in the transmission of nerve impulses
Signs and Symptoms
- Numbness in one or more limbs
- Tremor, lack of coordination, or unsteady gait
- Partial or complete loss of vision
- Prolonged double vision
- Breathing difficulty
- Blurry vision
- Slurred speech
- Problems with sexual, bowel, and bladder function
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Diagnosis and treatment
A doctor diagnoses multiple sclerosis Trusted Source based on symptoms and ruling out potential causes. It requires a combination of medical questions, blood tests, and imaging scans of the brain and spinal cord.
There are some treatment option includes:
- Disease-modifying drugs
- Pain medication
- Psychoactive drugs
- Physical and occupational therapy
Diet of Multiple Sclerosis
If you have the problem of multiple sclerosis, then you should avoid the consumption of saturated fat. It is present in animal meat. This can lead to cancer, heart disease, and many other health problems.
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People who are overweight and they are also struggling with this disease, then do not try to lose weight by consuming a low-carb diet.
Fatigue is felt more in this disease. If you follow a low-carb diet, there will be a severe lack of energy in the body. It would help if you consumed plenty of fresh fruits, green leafy vegetables, whole grains to get energy.
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It would also be healthy for you to consume dairy products. If you want, you can consume low-fat dairy products. Drink lots of milk and curd. They are rich in calcium and vitamin D, which will keep your bones strong, and you will also avoid multiple sclerosis.
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Along with food, the sun’s rays are the primary source of vitamin D.
The more you include green and colorful vegetables in your diet, the more you can reduce the risk of multiple sclerosis. The antioxidants and vitamins in these vegetables nourish the myelin (a type of nerve in the middle of the nervous system).
The use of drugs causes constipation. Some people have more problems with constipation when they have multiple sclerosis. In such a situation, to keep the stomach clean, digest food, and avoid constipation, you should include more fiber in the food.
If you consume fiber-rich fruits and vegetables, then the complaint of constipation will go away.
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Multiple sclerosis is a severe illness. Many people experiencing it may struggle to understand the cause.
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic and continuous disease. There is no treatment, but some cure reduces symptoms. In many Multiple sclerosis cases, treatment may even send the disease into remission, allowing a person to live symptom-free for long periods.
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