Mania And Hypomania: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment

Mania And Hypomania

Mania and hypomania are symptoms that can happen with bipolar disorder. However, they can also occur in people who don’t have bipolar disorder.

what is mania and hypomania
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Table of Contents

What is mania?

If you feel

  • High energy
  • High confidence
  • Racing thought
  • Very little sleep
  • Try to do big business 

Then there is a chance of mania. Mania is associated with bipolar one disorder. Focus refers to a syndrome in which the central features are overactivity, mood changes, and self-important ideas.

And also, family history may play a significant role in mania.

What is hypomania?

Hypomania is a lesser degree of mania. However, the persistent mild elevation of mood and an increased sense of psychological well-being and happiness do not keep with ongoing events.

Symptoms of mania and hypomania

Symptoms about mania and hypomania are the same include:

  • Increased physical activity 
  • Restlessness 
  • Flight of ideas
  • Delusions of grandeur 
  • Delusions of persecution 
  • Distractibility 
  • Increased sociability 
  • Impulsive behavior 
  • Hypersexual behavior 
  • Poor judgment 
  • High-risk activities 
  • Reckless driving
  • Foolish business investments 
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Decreased food intake due to overactivity 
  • Decreased attention & concentration 
  • Poor judgment 
  • Absent insight 

Causes and risk factors of mania and hypomania

Mania and hypomania can also be brought on by:

  • Medication
  • Drug use
  • Alcohol use
  • Sleep deprivation

Family history also plays a role in mania and hypomania. You also increase your risk if you have bipolar disorder and don’t take medications as your doctor prescribes.

Must read: Do i have a sleep disorder?

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Treatment of mania


  • Lithium: 900- 2100 mg/day
  • Carbamezapaine : 600- 1800 mg / day
  • Sodium valproate: 600- 2600 mg / day
  • Other drugs: clonazepam, calcium channel blockers 


  • It can also be used for acute manic excitement if not adequately responding to antipsychotics and lithium.

Psychosocial treatment

  • Family therapy
  • Marital therapy


Take your medications daily as prescribed and communicate with your doctor. Working together, you and your doctor can easily manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life.

Suggested read: 

Still have any questions about mania and hypomania ? Ask in the comments section!

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