Mental illness in Pregnancy
At the same time, this Problem can also be seen during Pregnancy. In this woman becomes depressed, anxious, and frustrated or feels guilt for some reason or no reason.
Mental disorders during Pregnancy and the postnatal period can have severe consequences for the health and well-being of a mother and her baby and her partner and other family members.
Pregnant Woman may have other mental health issues Let’s see…
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Table of Contents
Pregnancy doesn’t prevent or Protect mothers from a Depressive illness.
Symptoms of Major Depression
- Mood swing
- Daily Negative thoughts and fear or Guilty
Risk Factors For Major Depression :
- Marital dissatisfaction
- Inadequate psychological support
- Low socioeconomic status
- Unwanted Pregnancy
Risk of Untreated Depression in Mother
- Risk of self-injurious or suicidal behavior
- Inadequate self-care Decreased appetite
- Women with Depression may sometimes use either alcohol or illicit drug, which further increases the risk to the fetus
- Maternal Depression may adversely affect the developing fetus
Specific concern :
- Psychotropic medications readily cross the placenta. Therefore following factors must be considered before starting psychotropic medications :
- Toxicity to the neonate
- Risk of medication discontinuation
- Risk of no treatment
Psychotherapy : (Interpersonal therapy )
- This therapy helps communicate better with others and address a problem that contributes to your Depression.
- It consists of 12 to 16 hour weekly sessions.
Antidepressant Treatment :
- This is indicated for women whose symptoms interfere with maternal well-being and functioning.
- During Pregnancy, fluoxetine is the first line antidepressant choice
- Other Drugs: Nortriptyline Desipramine
I have already Covered :
- Major Depressive Disorder With Psychotic Features
- Antidepressant Drugs Classification | Antidepressant Drugs List And Side Effects
- Is Psychotherapy Effective? | All About Psychotherapy
It can happen during pregnancy and the postpartum period.
Read this article: How To Treat Postpartum Depression
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Low Energy, thinking, and behavior problem
High and low moods and changes sleeping
- Lithium should be considered first though it carries the risk of cardiac anomalies.
- Anticonvulsants may be used sometimes.
- Neurobehavioral teratogenicity and neonatal toxicity are also possible, so careful treatment management is necessary to reduce risks to the fetus.
Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder
- Increased heavy and Sweating
- increased irritability
- A slow taper of antipanic medications over two weeks may be possible in mild cases of panic disorder.
- In severe panic disorder: fluoxetine or tricyclic antidepressant
- Inpatient who don’t respond to their antidepressants, benzodiazepine may be considered.
Women with psychotic disorders are at increased risk of obstetric and psychiatric complications.
There is a high risk of postpartum relapse.
It is known that the potential episode may be severe and lead to the mother attempting suicide or infanticide.
Symptoms of Psychotic Disorder:
- Loss of interest in personal hygiene
- Confused thinking
Neuroleptics should be considered as psychosis can be an obstetric and medical emergency.
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