How Many Abortions in 2021? | Number of Abortions in 2020

 Abortion is an experience shared by people around the world. These reproductive health outcomes occur regardless of the country’s income level, region, or legal status of abortion.

Approximately 121 million unauthorized pregnancies occur between 2015 and 2019; Of these unplanned pregnancies, abortion rates are 61%. This leads to 73 million abortions each year.

Let us now learn more about Abortion.

Abortion is the end of pregnancy.

The first three months of your pregnancy are very delicate because the risk of abortion is the highest at this time. If these three months pass without any problem, then there is less risk of pregnancy.

Abortion is not in our hands. But in many circumstances, the woman feels guilty. But it’s not her fault in 50% of cases, fetal chromosomes’ problem, hormones imbalance disrupts fetal development, this factor increases the risk of miscarriage.

After the abortion, it is necessary to explain to mother that this is a normal process and there is not her fault. Give a some kind of sympathy to her.

Abortion is a common problem in the United States; About 1.2 million abortions are conducted each year in the United States. Maximum take place during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Abortion Definition

Abortion is the termination of pregnancy prior to the 36th week of gestation.

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Table of Contents

Symptoms of Abortion

The main symptoms of abortion are vaginal spotting or bleeding, which can vary from slight brownish flow to heavy bleeding.

Other signs and symptoms are including:

  • lower back pain or cramps
  • Discharge of fluid from the vagina
  • Release of tissue from the vagina
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Contraction in uterus

If you are pregnant and experience any of these symptoms, contact your gynecologist immediately.

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Causes of Abortion

There are many reasons for miscarriage, one of them is the physical health status and lifestyle of the mother. 

  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Chemical pregnancy
  • Unwanted Pregnancy
  • Infections
  • Cigarettes consumptions.
  • Alcoholic lifestyle
  • Obesity
  • Problems like thyroid
  • hormonal imbalance
  • Immunity or blood clotting problem

All these factors can raise the risk of abortion.

You must read this article: Focused Antenatal Care Planning And Providing Care During Pregnancy

Types of Abortion

The woman is become a mother or wishes to become a mother. She should also know about abortion with all the information. So let’s find out what are types of abortion. 

Medical Abortion

It is recommended for medical abortion by doctors in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. 

During  medical abortion, injections are often used instead of drugs, the fetus’s fluid removed. After this, the uterus is thoroughly cleaning so that no part of the fetus remains inside the womb.

However, this method of abortion has been in place since ancient times.

Surgical Abortion

Abortion is done through operation, and it is called surgical abortion. There are two types of abortion: 

Dilation and Curettage:  D and C are combined with vacuum aspiration and are then considered dilation and evacuation. This method is used during 12 weeks of pregnancy.

Aspiration abortion: Women before 14 to 16 weeks pregnant can have an aspiration abortion.

Other types of Abortion

Threatened abortion

Under this, vaginal bleeding starts 20 weeks before conception. The cervix does not dilate, and with a bed, it may prevent ret and conservative treatment.

Spontaneous abortion

It is most commonly occurs in the second or third month of gestation.

Incomplete abortion

If some of the tissue is pass, then it is considered an incomplete abortion. An emptying or evacuation, or administration of oral misoprostol is usually required to remove the remaining tissues.

Complete abortion

Under this abortion, the cervix is closed, the uterus is shortening. Menstruation starts.

Recurrent abortion

It is defined as successive, repeated, and spontaneous abortions of unknown cause.  

Missed abortion

After 16 weeks or before the fetus dies in the womb, it is call missed abortion.

Later-term Abortion

During the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.

Diagnostic Evaluation

If abortion is diagnosis at the right time, then a woman can be saved from a severe problem. 

Blood tests:  Some blood tests determine whether the pregnancy is healthy and unhealthy. During this time, if you see any problem, then the pregnancy is safe by treating immediately. They also test you for anemia if you’ve been bleeding a lot.

Ultrasound:  During the ultrasound, a doctor will check the fetal heartbeat to determine if the fetus is developing typically.

Tissue test: If the tissue has begun coming out from the cervix, the doctor can examine them to determine the miscarriage.

Pelvic examination: The doctor will check the spread of the cervix.

Chromosome test: If you have had an abortion before, your doctor can do your blood test for you and your husband to find out chromosome-related problems.

Abortion Treatment

Take folic acid and prenatal vitamins: To avoid the risk of miscarriage, your doctor recommends taking folic acid and other vitamins during pregnancy. Doctors suggest bringing 400 to 800 mg of folic acid every day. HCG injection can also prevent the abortion.

Exercise regularly: It is beneficial to do light exercise during pregnancy. This stretching and doing yoga etc., reduces the risk of miscarriage. Before doing this, take your doctor’s advice and do it under the supervision of a qualified instructor.

Abortion Pills Name

  • Misoprostol
  • Cytotec
  • Mifepristone
  • Oxytocin
  • Pitocin
  • Mifeprex
  • Hemabate
  • Carboprost
  • Cervidil
  • Prostin E2
  • Dinoprostone
  •  Prepidil

Abortion Aftercare tips

After your abortion, your doctor gives you specific aftercare directions. Sometimes this isn’t enough to reduce unpleasant side effects.

To overcome your side effects and improve your comfort after an abortion:

  • Wear a tight-fitting bra to reduce breast tenderness.
  • Take medication like ibuprofen and Meftal to reduce cramps and pain.
  • If possible, then stay to home for better rest.
  • Be exceptionally hydrated if you are experiencing vomiting or diarrhea.
  • Avoid alcohol, smoking, and drugs while you are planning for next pregnancy.
  • Maintain your weight before conceive next pregnancy.
  • Eat healthy diet food and lots of vegetables and fruits.
  • Keep your self away from all social nuisance.
  • And be positive for next upcoming.

Get pregnant after an Abortion.

It is normal to be concern about the chance of getting pregnant again after an abortion. Still, the fact is that if an experienced doctor does the abortion, then the risk of danger is significantly less.

Do not have sex for at least a week after abortion, and do not think the next child for two or three month. During the abortion, your body handles a lot, and it needs some rest and heal to sustain other new life.

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