Parkinson’s Disease: Cure | Is Parkinson’s Disease Fatal?

Introduction

It is a common belief that Parkinson’s syndrome is caused by the lack of sufficient amounts of a brain chemical called dopamine by the nerve cells in the brain. As the disease progresses, the amount of dopamine produced in the brain decreases.

Definition

Parkinson’s disease(PD) affects dopamine-producing neurons in a specific brain area, which disturb muscle control, training, and balance.

what are early warning signs of parkinson's disease
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Table of Contents

Causes and risk factors

  • Main cause is unknown.
  • Genetic factors
  • Family history
  • History of head injury
  • History of a brain disorder like infection

Also see: Speech Disorders: Risk Factor, Cause, Symptoms, And Treatment

Signs and symptoms

The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease start with a slight tremor in one hand and a feeling of stiffness in the body. Some other symptoms develop, and some people can experience dementia.

Also read: How Long Do People Live With Dementia?

Some sign of Parkinson’s disease are including:

  • Loss of automatic movements, including blinking, smiling, or swinging arms during the walk.
  • Speech changes. The patient may speak softly, quickly, slur, or hesitate before talking.
  • Writing changes. It may become hard to write.
  • Slowed movement (bradykinesia), making simple tasks difficult and time-consuming.
  • Movement changes
  • Constipation
  • Voice changes
  • Skin problem
  • Stroke

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Diagnosis evalution

  • History and neurological examination
  • CT SCAN
  • MRI
  • PET SCAN

Cure

Parkinson’s disease can’t be cured, but medications can help control symptoms, often dramatically.

Following medications are used to control symptoms:

Anti parkinsonian medications: specially LEVODOPA is used in combination with other drugs.

Dopamine agonists: Bromo criptinecan imitates the action of dopamine in the brain. They’re less effective than levodopa.

Anticholinergics

  • Anticholinergic sare used to block the parasympathetic nervous system. They can help with rigidity.
  • Methyltransferaseinhibitors: Amantadinecan is used along with levodopa to increase its effect.
  • MAO (monoamine oxidase) B inhibitors: MAO B inhibitors inhibit the enzyme monoamine oxidase. 

Surgical Intervention

  • Deep brain stimulation
  • During deep brain stimulation (DBS) to implant electrodes in specific parts of the brain. 

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Conclusion

Parkinson’s disease is a lifelong disease including neurological changes in the body. In Parkinson’s disease, genetic and environmental factors may play a role. 

Regular exercise, eat a healthy diet, and avoiding toxins may all help prevent Parkinson’s disease

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