When certain muscles in the digestive tract and urinary tracts contract, it is called peristalsis. Peristalsis is a specific type of muscle contraction. Its purpose is to move solids or fluids into the digestive and urinary tract-like structures.
It is not a voluntary muscle movement, so it’s not something people can control consciously. Rather, the smooth muscles included in peristalsis operate during they are stimulated to do so.
Medication can cause it, but it could also be from a situation called a motility disorder. Motility disorders can be tested to treat, so it’s important to see a digestive expert, a gastroenterologist, to find resolutions.
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Where does peristalsis occurs?
Peristalsis in the digestive tract occurs in the esophagus. For example, after swallowing food, it is moved down the esophagus by peristalsis.
The muscles in the stomach, small intestine, or large intestine continue the process. Food is more digested and broken down as it moves through the digestive tract, helped by digestive juices added along the process.
Gall, an important part of the digestive process, is produced in the gallbladder and is moved from the gallbladder to a section of the small intestine by the peristalsis. The digested food is excreted from the body by the peristalsis at the end of its journey as stool through the anus.
Urine is also moved in the body with the help of peristalsis. The two ureter ducts called the ureters to use peristalsis to move fluid from the kidneys to the bladder. This fluid is then passed through the urethra as urine.
You must read this article: Peristalsis Occurs In The Digestive Tract
Peristalsis and motility disorders
When peristalsis does not occur as it should, it can result in a group of disorders called motility. In some people, peristalsis may go too quickly, known as hypermotility, or too slowly, known as hypomotility.
Motility disorder can happen for many reasons, including a side effect of a medication, a result of other condition processes, or even for known cause, which is idiopathic. For example, people with inflammatory bowel disease may also have motility disorders, but how they describe these situations and how often they may happen together is unknown.
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Motility disorders include:
In dysphagia, peristalsis in the esophagus is affected, and people with this condition find it difficult to swallow food and fluids.
There are a few different forms of diseases that can cause spasms of the muscles in the esophagus. Spasms can be intermittent or severe and may result in the regurgitation of food.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Gastroesophageal reflux disease may also connect with impaired motility, but the relationship is under investigation.
With this situation, it is the muscles of the stomach that are not moving food along into the small intestine. It can result in symptoms of nausea and vomiting. There are many possible causes, but in some situations, the cause is not known.
Obstruction occurs when food movement through the bowels is impeded by something, such as a narrowing of the intestine or affected stool. However, there is no blockage in pseudo-obstruction, yet the digestive system is impaired just as if there were an automatic blockage. It is an uncommon condition.
Irritable bowel syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome may also feel hypermotility, hypomotility, or both in succession. Symptoms can include constipation and diarrhea. How motility fits into the test and treatment of Irritable bowel syndrome is still not well known, but more study is being done.
Good health habits during the day can also help your digestive system to focus on your daily health routine.
Liquid. Keeps the digestive system hydrated and works with fiber to keep you “regular.”
Fiber. Soluble fiber, such as oat bran or beans, absorbs excess water and turns it into a gel-like substance in the intestines. Insoluble fiber, like raw salad greens, “bulk up” the balls passing through them and remove them quickly.
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