Peritonitis Usually Occurs When…

Peritonitis is a severe condition that needs immediate treatment. If it is not treated on time, it spreads rapidly in your blood and other organs,

There is a fear of damage to your body parts. The condition of inflammation in the peritoneum is called peritonitis. Peritonitis is often fungal and bacterial.

If you are on peritoneal dialysis therapy, following personal hygiene before, during, and after dialysis can help prevent peritonitis. Peritonitis can occur at any age. 

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Table of Contents

Cause of peritonitis

Peritonitis can be due to reason, but it is mainly seen to occur due to injury to the abdominal wall.

Apart from this, there is another reason for peritonitis,

  • Peritoneal dialysis or gastrointestinal surgery
  • Having problems with pancreatitis.
  • Swelling of the appendix.
  • Cirrhosis
  • Inflammation of the pancreas
  • colon cancer

Once peritonitis occurs, the risk of developing it again is higher than a person who has never had peritonitis.

To learn more you can read : Gastro Intestinal Bleeding: Symptoms, Causes, Test and Treatment


Symptoms of peritonitis

Peritonitis is a dangerous disease; whoever has this disease should be treated immediately in your nearest emergency room.

There are some symptoms of peritonitis

Types of peritonitis


  • Caused by the spread of an infection from the blood & lymph nodes to the peritoneum.  


Caused by the entry of bacteria or enzymes into the peritoneum from the gastrointestinal or biliary tract.

This can be caused due to an ulcer eating its way through the stomach wall or intestine due to a rupture of the appendix. 

Also, it can also occur due to an intestine bursting or injury to an internal organ that bleeds into the internal cavity.

Read:  Can Appendicitis Pain Come And Go? | Appendicitis Fasting From Food And Drink

Diagnose for peritonitis

To diagnose peritonitis, the doctor will first ask and examine your physical examination and medical history. With this, you will also get some tests done.

    • Blood test to detect white blood cells.
    • May do an ultrasound to check the condition of the gastrointestinal tract.
    • Examination of peritoneal fluid.
    • CT Scan, imaging tests, and X-ray

Treatment for peritonitis

You should be admitted to the hospital if there is swelling or irritation caused by the infection. With this, you can get treatment in these ways given below,

  • Antibiotics can be used to prevent infection of peritonitis.
  • Surgery of the affected area may also be done so that the infection does not spread.
  • Peritonitis depending on your condition, your doctor may use intravenous fluids, medications, and oxygen.

Some other complications of peritonitis

If it is left untreated, peritonitis spreads throughout our body and can lead to bloodstream infection.

The infection can spread throughout your body. It can lead to organ failure.


Clean the skin around the catheter with an antiseptic every day.

Wash hands, including underneath fingernails and between fingers, before touching the catheter.

Talk with the dialysis care team about proper care for peritoneal dialysis catheters.


The outlook of peritonitis is dependent on the infection and its improvement status. During peritonitis, your recovery will depend on overall health and how you did much damage.

To avoid peritonitis, keep your belongings safe in a clean area. Wear a mask during dialysis, and Use hand sanitizer.

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