Peritonitis Usually Occurs When…

(Last Updated On: April 10, 2022)

Peritonitis is a severe condition that needs immediate treatment. If it is not treated on time, it spreads rapidly in your blood and other organs,

There is a fear of damage to your body parts. The condition of inflammation in the peritoneum is called peritonitis. Peritonitis is often fungal and bacterial.

If you are on peritoneal dialysis therapy, following personal hygiene before, during, and after dialysis can help prevent peritonitis. Peritonitis can occur at any age. 

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Table of Contents

Cause of peritonitis

Now let’s look at some causes of Peritonitis:

Peritonitis can be due to reason, but it is mainly seen to occur due to injury to the abdominal wall.

Apart from this, there is another reason for peritonitis,

  • Peritoneal dialysis or gastrointestinal surgery
  • Having problems with pancreatitis.
  • Swelling of the appendix.
  • Cirrhosis
  • Inflammation of the pancreas
  • colon cancer

Once peritonitis occurs, the risk of developing it again is higher than a person who has never had peritonitis.

To learn more you can read : Gastro Intestinal Bleeding: Symptoms, Causes, Test and Treatment

Symptoms of peritonitis

Your symptoms may change, depending on the type of your Peritonitis

Peritonitis is a dangerous disease; whoever has this disease should be treated immediately in your nearest emergency room.

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fast heart rate
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain and pressure
  • The appearance of cloudy dialysis fluid.

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Types of peritonitis

There are two types of Peritonitis:

Primary

  • Caused by the spread of an infection from the blood & lymph nodes to the peritoneum.  

Secondary

Caused by the entry of bacteria or enzymes into the peritoneum from the gastrointestinal or biliary tract.

This can be caused due to an ulcer eating its way through the stomach wall or intestine due to a rupture of the appendix. 

Also, it can also occur due to an intestine bursting or injury to an internal organ that bleeds into the internal cavity.

Read:  Can Appendicitis Pain Come And Go? | Appendicitis Fasting From Food And Drink

Diagnose for peritonitis

To diagnose peritonitis, the doctor will first ask and examine your physical examination and medical history. With this, you will also get some tests done.

    • Blood test to detect white blood cells.
    • May do an ultrasound to check the condition of the gastrointestinal tract.
    • Examination of peritoneal fluid.
    • CT Scan, imaging tests, and X-ray

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Treatment for peritonitis

You should be admitted to the hospital if there is swelling or irritation caused by the infection. With this, you can get treatment in these ways given below,

  • Antibiotics can be used to prevent infection of peritonitis.
  • Surgery of the affected area may also be done so that the infection does not spread.
  • Peritonitis depending on your condition, your doctor may use intravenous fluids, medications, and oxygen.

Some other complications of peritonitis

If it is left untreated, peritonitis spreads throughout our body and can lead to bloodstream infection.

The infection can spread throughout your body. It can lead to organ failure.

Prevention

Clean the skin around the catheter with an antiseptic every day.

Wash hands, including underneath fingernails and between fingers, before touching the catheter.

Talk with the dialysis care team about proper care for peritoneal dialysis catheters.

Frequently Asked Question

Diet for peritonitis condition?

Eat nutrition high in B-vitamins and calcium, such as almonds, whole grains, beans, dark leafy greens, and sea vegetables. Avoid refined foods, white bread, pasta, and sugar. Instead, use healthy oils in foods, such as olive oil or vegetable oil.

How long does it take to recover from peritonitis?

If you’re diagnosed with peritonitis, you’ll require treatment in the hospital to get rid of the condition. This might take 10 to 13 days. Treatment usually concerns being given antibiotics into a vein (intravenously).

After-effects of peritonitis?

Left untreated, peritonitis can grow beyond your peritoneum, where it may cause: An condition throughout your body (sepsis). Sepsis is a rapidly progressing, life-threatening Situation that can cause shock, organ failure, and death.

What is the most common complication of peritonitis?

The most common complication was dehydration (18.8%), followed by septicemia (11.3%) and paralytic ileus (6.4%). Ten (3.2%) patients died in the hospital. Acute peritonitis is a serious surgical emergency caused by several diseases.

Can peritonitis recur?

Relapsing and recurrent peritonitis attacks are caused by other spectra of bacteria and probably represent two distinct clinical entities. Recurrent peritonitis attacks had a worse prognosis than relapsing ones.

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Conclusion

The outlook of peritonitis is dependent on the infection and its improvement status. During peritonitis, your recovery will depend on overall health and how you did much damage.

To avoid peritonitis, keep your belongings safe in a clean area. Wear a mask during dialysis, and Use hand sanitizer.

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