Types of Pica
The subtypes of pica characterized by the substance eaten, for example:
- Amylophagia: Consumption of starch
- Coprophagy: Consumption of Animal feces
- Geophagy: Consumption of soil, clay, or chalk
- Hyalophagia: Consumption of glass
- Pagophiagia: Pathological consumption of ice
- Trichophagia: Consumption of hair or wool
- Urophagia: Consumption of urine
this eating pattern takes at least one month to diagnose.
Causes of pica
Pica may occur due to acquired taste or neurological mechanisms like iron deficiency or chemical imbalance.
Pica is also linking to mental disability.
Stressors such as family conflict, maternal deprivation, parental neglect, poverty, disorganized family, etc.
Sign and symptoms of pica
Pica in pregnancy
In many cases of pica, if pregnant women start taking iron supplements can help reduce these cravings.
Management fo pica
- Pica is managing by a combination of psychosocial, environmental, dietary, and family guidance approach.
- SSRI (antidepressant) drugs can use for pica disorder.
- Discrimination training between edible and non-edible items.
- Detect nutritional deficiencies and treat them—for example, anemia, low level of calcium, etc.
- Make mealtimes pleasant.
- Meet the emotional needs of the child.
- Don’t leave the child alone.
- Keep the child busy, as boredom may give him time for eating non-edible substances.
It is better to work with your doctor to support your child in changing their behavior.
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