What Are The Pre Oral Cancer Symptoms? | All About Oral Cancer

Oral cancer can occur in any parts of the oral cavity, such as cheeks, jaw, gums, etc. In harsh words, mouth cancer affects the area from the face to the throat.

According to the American Cancer Society (ASCC), in 2019, about 53,000 American citizens had oral cancer.

Here, the patient is diagnosed with cancer after about 60 years, but in this, 25 percent occurs before the age of 50. This cancer affects women less and men more.

Oral cancers or mouth cancers can develop in any part of the oral cavity or oropharynx, including lips, tongue, hard and soft palates, salivary gland, lining of the cheeks, floor of the mouth, gums, and teeth.

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Table of Contents

Causes of risk factors

  • Alcohol: Alcohol use also increases oral and oropharyngeal cancer risk.
  • Chronic irritation: chronic irritation to the mouth’s lining due to poorly fitting dentures may increase a person’s risk for oral cancers. 
  • Tobacco: such as cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, alcohol drinking, secondary smokers is related to risk factors.

Additional Risk Factors Linked To Oral Cancer Include:

  • Exposure to UV radiation
  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Oral lichen planus
  • Immuno-suppression
  • Syphilis
  • Chronic irritation
  • Chronic candidiasis
  • All tobacco types are associated with oral cancer, for example.

Ultraviolet light and lip cancer

  • UV exposure contributes to lip cancer.
  • Fair-skinned individuals at higher risk.
  • 30% of lip cancers occur in those with prolonged exposure to sunlight.
  • Lip cancer decreasing due to lip balm w/ sunscreen.
  • Lip cancer is also seen in pipe smokers at the site where the pipe stem is held.
  • Lip cancers readily are seen.
  • More likely to be diagnosed at an earlier, treatable stage .

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What are the pre oral cancer symptoms?

There are similarities in the symptoms of oral cancer but can experience the following symptoms:

  • Sore throat, swelling of the jaw
  • Weight loss
  • Painless sore or mass that will not heal.
  • Painless lump on the lip, mouth, or throat.
  • Unusual red or white color patches sometimes become malignant
  • Red patches
  • Bleeding in the mouth
  • Bad breath
  • Hoarseness or change in voice

Diagnosis

  • Primary tumor resection
  • Mandible resection
  • Maxillectomy
  • Moh’s micrographic surgery
  • Laryngectomy
  • Plastic surgery
  • radiation therapy
  • chemotherapy
  • Medical history and physical examination.
  • Laboratory tests
  • Imaging test

Treatment

The medicines

Medicines are enough for the initial stage of oral cancer. The use of many medicines gives relief from oral cancer. These medicines stop the growth of cancer in the body to not spread to other organs.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy has also been used many times. Through this therapy, an attempt is made to destroy the cancer cells in the body.
Biopsy
Mouth cancer is also cured with biopsy surgery. Through this, cancerous tissue is isolated in the body.

Chemotherapy

In most cases of cancer, doctors adopt chemotherapy only. In this, the effort is made to eliminate cancer and cure it. It is used in almost all types of cancer, such as breast cancer, lung cancer, brain tumor, etc.

General cancer surgery

Cancer surgery is done when the patient does not get relief from any type of treatment. In this, the tumor and its surrounding tissue are surgically removed.

Diet and oral cancer

Nutritional deficiencies implicated as a risk factor

Diet low in fruits & vegetables involved in cancers of mouth, larynx, and esophagus

Diet low in vitamin A has been linked to oral cancer in some studies

Iron deficiency associated with Plummer-Vinson syndrome causes an elevated risk for squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus, oropharynx, and posterior mouth (Regezi & Scuiba, 1999). 

Here are 2 guides that you can refer to learn more about: 

Conclusion

Early signs of oral cancer include mouth bleeding, white or red patches, tenderness, or pain. For anyone who experiences these symptoms, early diagnosis means successful treatment.

Quitting smoking and using tobacco products increases the risk of oral cancer and makes changes in your lifestyle.

If you see any symptoms related to pre oral cancer, let us know in the comment box. So we can help you

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