What is Prostate Cancer?: Prostate Cancer Treatment Options

What is Prostate Cancer ?

The prostate gland is located behind the base of the penis, in front of the situated anus, and below the bladder.

It surrounds the urethra and carries urine and semen through the penis.

Its function is to produce seminal fluid and liquid in the semen and transport sperm count.

Prostate cancer is a harmful tumor that consists of cells from the prostate gland.

Here is a complete guide on: Is Penile Cancer Curable? | Cancer On Penile Head

Can you feel if you have prostate cancer ?
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Table of Contents

Risk factors

  •  Age
  •  Environmental factors
  •  Family history
  •  Diet
  •  Hormones

Signs and symptoms

  •  Frequent urination, 
  •  Pain or burning in urination
  •  Interrupted urine flow
  •  Weight loss
  •  Fatigue
  •  Blood in the urine
  •  Painful semen ejaculation

Stages

  • Stage I:   Cancer is seen only in the prostate gland and gradually diminished the growth.
  • Stage II:   Cancer cells have not spread beyond the prostate gland but affect more than one part of the prostate gland and grow more quickly. 
  • Stage III: Stage III cancer cells have spread beyond the prostate’s outermost layer or in nearby tissues in the seminal vesicles.
  • Stage IV: Cancer has spread to other areas of the body such as the bladder, rectum, bone, liver, lungs, or lymph nodes.

I have already covered :

Diagnostic evalution

  •  Prostatic biopsy
  •  CT scan or MRI
  •  Bone scan
  •  USG
  •  Lymph node biopsy

Prostate cancer treatment options

Surgery:

  • Radical prostatectomy
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Anti-androgens
  • Estrogen
  • Radiation therapy
  • Cryotherapy
  • chemotherapy

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