Psychotropic Medications Are Drugs That Treat Psychiatric Symptoms By Restoring…

Disorder due to other substance use refers to conditions arising from drug abuse like opioids, Cannabis, Cocaine, Amphetamine, Barbiturate, LSD, Inhalant, or volatile solvent.

Psychotropic medications treat psychiatric symptoms by restoring neurotransmitters. Psychoactive drugs act as agonists or antagonists for a neurotransmitter system.

Here we will see acute intoxication, withdrawal symptoms, complication and treatment of opioid use disorder, Cannabis use disorder, Amphetamine use disorder, cocaine use disorder, Barbiturate use disorder, LSD Inhalant, or volatile solvent use disorder.

I had earlier shared Is Psychotherapy Effective?  I hope you read the post.

Aspirin
Design by Pixabay

Table of Contents

Opioid use disorder

 In the last few years, the maximum use of opioids has increased worldwide, and the use of these drugs can cause substantial side effects on physical and mental health.

The drugs like heroin, buprenorphine, and pentazocine are injected through the needle.

The majority of drug addicts are between the age group of 16 to 30 years.

These drug abusers are most unmarried and from lower socio-economic strata.

Though most opiate users had begun chasing heroin, they gradually shifted to needle use.

Acute intoxication

Overdose of drugs has the following symptoms: 

Withdrawal syndrome

If a person is taking less likely drugs or discontinuing the medications, it leads to the following symptoms:

  • Watery eyes 
  • Running nose
  • Yawning
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tremors
  • Sweating

Complications

  • If a Person is taking intravenous drugs, then it leads to the following complications.
  • Skin infection 
  • formation of blood clots in a vein 
  • blockage of an artery in the lungs, 
  • condition of the inner layer of the heart,
  • blood infection 
  • viral hepatitis
  • Involvement in criminal activities 

Treatment

  • Treatment of opioids overdose can be treated with a narcotic antagonist that is opposite or adversary to reduce the overdose of drugs .for. E.g., naloxone, naltrexone. 

Cannabis use disorder

It is derived from the hemp plant Cannabis Sativa; it is taken in smoked or liquid form.

Ganja and marijuana are made up of dried leaves and flowering tops.

Acute intoxication

Overdose of drugs has the following symptoms: 

  • Mild impairment in consciousness
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Alteration in psychomotor activity
  • A person is unreal about self
  • A person is fake about the environment

Withdrawal symptoms

If a Person is taking less likely drugs or Discontinue the medications then leads to the following symptoms:

  • Increased salivation
  • Increased body temperature
  • Insomnia
  • Decreased appetite
  • Loss of weight

Complications

  • If a Person is taking intravenous drugs, then it leads to the following complications Hypomania
  • Memory impairment 

Treatment

  • Can the Treatment of Cannabis overdose be treated with Supportive and symptomatic Treatment.

Cocaine use disorder

The common street name is crack. It can be administered orally by smoking or parenterally.

Acute intoxication

Overdose of drugs has the following symptoms: 

  • Pupillary dilatation
  • Sweating and nausea 
  • Increased heartbeat

Withdrawal syndrome

  • If a Person is taking less likely drugs or discontinue the medications, then it leads to the following symptoms
  • Agitation
  • Depression 
  • Abnormal heart rhythm. 

Treatment

Antidepressants and psychotherapy are given to the patient.

Amphetamine use disorder

Amphetamine is a potent CNS stimulant with peripheral sympathomimetic effects.

Commonly used amphetamines are pemoline and methylphenidate.

Acute intoxication

Overdose of drugs has the following symptoms:

  • Increase heart rate,
  • Increased blood pressure 
  • cardiac failure, 
  • Hallucination(misinterpretation of stimuli in the absence of stimuli) 

Withdrawal syndrome

  • If a Person is taking less likely drugs or discontinue the medications, then it leads to the following symptoms
  • Depression 
  • lack of emotion
  • Fatigue
  • Increased sleep.

Complications

If a Person is taking intravenous drugs, then it leads to the following complications:

LCD use disorder

  • LSD produces hallucinations.
  • It creates an effect by acting on the 5-HT level in the brain 
  • It is used occasionally after a long period.

Intoxication

Overdose of drugs has the following symptoms:

  • Perceptual changes happen in clear consciousness, e.g., a Person is unreal about self.
  • The person is fake about the environment.

Withdrawal syndrome

  • If a Person is taking less likely drugs or discontinue the medications, then it leads to the following symptoms.
  • Flashback 

Complications  

Treatment

  • Symptomatic treatment with an antianxiety, antidepressant, or antipsychotic medications 

Also see: What Are The Most powerful Anti Anxiety Drugs?

Barbiturate use disorder

The commonly abused barbiturate are secobarbital, pentobarbital, amobarbital.

Acute Intoxication

Overdose of drugs has the following symptoms:

  • Acute intoxication characterized by
  • irritability, 
  • liability of mood,
  • disinherited behavior, 
  • Slurring of speech. 

Withdrawal syndrome 

  • If a Person is taking less likely drugs or discontinue the medications, then it leads to the following symptoms.
  • Marked restlessness
  • Tremors and seizures.

Complications

  • Cellulite
  • Skin abscess
  • Infection, 
  • Embolism

Treatment

  • Induction of vomiting and use of charcoal reduces the absorption.

Inhalant volatile solvent

The commonly used volatile solvents include petrol, aerosol, thinners, varnish remover industrial solvents.

Acute Intoxication

 Overdose of drugs has the following symptoms:

  • Inhalation of a volatile solvent leads to euphoria( cheerful feelings)
  • Excitement
  •  Slurring of speech, 
  •  lack of emotion

Withdrawal symptoms 

  • If a Person is taking less likely drugs or discontinue the medications, then it leads to the following symptoms.
  • Anxiety 
  • Depression 

Complications 

  • Damage to liver and kidney 
  • Peripheral neuropathy

Do let me know in the comment box, how you have enhanced your mental health? And are you also wanted to learn more about treatments?

Don’t forget to share this with your friends!

Sharing is caring ❤

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top