Sciatica is the title provided to pain caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve. That irritates this nerve cause pain, ranging from mild to severe. Sciatica is caused by a compressed nerve in the lower spine.
The pain in the sciatica starts from the back of the hip and spreads gradually to the thumb of the increasing sciatica nerve. Pain is worse behind the knee and ankle and may be accompanied by numbness.
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What is sciatica?
This disease occurs in people who work hard or lift heavyweights. Usually, this problem is seen only after the age of 50 years.
Wherever there is a joint of bones in a person’s body, there is a smooth surface that keeps the bones connected; with age, this smooth surface starts to wear down, then it harms the bones, due to which there is unbearable pain.
When it hardens, there is pressure on your sciatic nerve, causing sciatica. The severe piriformis can be caused by prolonged sitting, a fall, or an accident.
Causes of sciatica
By the way, mainly this problem is related to adulthood. There is wear of the bones and the smooth surface between them. Due to herniated disc, it is also called slip disc.
The substances inside can balance the sciatic nerve resulting in lower limb pain and numbness.
Spinal stenosis, in which there is an abnormal narrowing of the lower spinal canal related to the groin.
This contraction puts more pressure on the spinal cord and the roots of your sciatic nerve.
Spondylolisthesis is a degenerative disc disorder. The extended spinal cord can spur your sciatic nerve when one spinal nerve extends past another.
- Lumbar spinal stenosis
- Tumors within the spine
Symptoms of sciatica
The main symptom is a shooting pain along the sciatic nerve, from the lower back, and down the back of either leg.
- This disease occurs in people who work hard or lift heavyweights.
- Usually, this problem is seen only after the age of 50 years.
- Wherever there is a joint of bones in a person’s body, a smooth surface keeps the bones connected; with age, this smooth surface starts to wear down, then it harms the bones unbearable pain.
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Treatment for sciatica
We will see at treatments for acute and chronic sciatica :
Acute sciatica treatments
In many cases of acute sciatica, respond well to self-care measures, which include:
- Over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers such as ibuprofen, which are available to buy online.
- Walking or stretching
- Hot or cold compression packs help to decrease pain.
Chronic sciatica treatments
Treatment of chronic sciatica involves a combination of self-care measures and medical treatment:
- Physical therapy
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy – helps manage chronic pain by training people to react to their pain
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Stretches for sciatic nerve pain
Some stretches provide relief for people experiencing sciatica-related pain.
A physical therapist may suggest that people perform several of these stretches every day:
- Knees to chest
- Knee to shoulder
- Seated hip stretch
- Cobra or modified cobra
- Seated spinal twist
Exercises and stretches
There are some ways to relieve the pressure on the sciatic nerve throughout the exercise.
- Relieve their symptoms on their own
- Avoid taking medications where possible
Prevention tips for sciatica pain
Treatment without proper diagnosis of the disease does not give the expected benefit in the symptoms of the disease. Apart from this, even if special care is not taken of diet and lifestyle along with treatment, the treatment does not benefit.
- Avoid continuous sitting in one place for an extended period; try to stand for some time every half an hour; this gives relief to the bones of the waist.
- Do not bend over or lift heavy objects. This places more stress on the joints of the bones of the spine.
- Do not walk long distances by lifting heavyweights.
- If you have to sit on the chair for hours and work on the computer due to work, put a small pillow on the back part of the chair and try to sit straight.
- Do exercises related to the spine as per the advice of the doctor.
- To avoid sciatica, it is necessary to practice yoga and exercise to keep the spine flexible in growing age.
- Do not work during severe sciatica pain.
- Do not wear high heels or slippers.
- Avoid doing forward bending tasks.
- Do not consume things made from refined flour and sugar as they damage the nervous system.